The Use of Recyclable Thermoset to cut landfill Waste

The Use of Recyclable Thermoset to cut landfill Waste

Philippines are a flood prone country, and one of the reasons is lots and lots of plastics in the garbage. We are a populated country so the higher the population the higher the demand of needs.

Plastics are non-biodegradable. It took thousands of years before it completely destroyed and broken down into very small parts by natural processes, bacteria, etc. Plastics are usually the reasons of floods because it clogs the drainage that stops the water flowing in the canal that can cause a flood. Due to the durability of the plastics it is now the vital part of our modern world, every move we make we are using it, like for example we are using plastics in the grocery store because paper bag alone cannot carry out the heaviness of our groceries; our garbage bag itself is a plastic, mobile phones and circuit boards to the aerospace industry.

By Bernard Meyerson

Plastics are divided into thermoplastics and thermoset plastics.  Thermoplastics are generally recyclable, so it can be heated and reshaped many times, it can be seen everywhere. This one is thin and soft plastics like our plastic cups, plastic bottles, etc. So even at home, we can make our own shape of thermo plastics through heating it and form of what shape we want. However thermoset plastics can only heated and shaped once, after which molecular changes mean they are cured, retaining their shape and strength even when subject to intense heat and pressure, so these kind of plastic is hard and it capable to lasts longer like thousands of years. We can commonly use this as drawer, plates, comb and other basic equipment’s inside the house.


In 2014, publication of a landmark paper in Science announcing discovery of new classes of the thermosetting polymers that are recyclable which is the Poly (hexahydrotriazine)s, or PHT’s. It dissolved in the strong acid and breaking apart the polymer chains into component monomers that can then be reassembled into new products.

Like unrecyclable thermosets, this is also rigid, easily melt and tough, with the same potential applications as their unrecyclable forerunners. This innovation – if widely deployed – can speed up the move of circular economy, and with a big reduction of plastics landfill wastes even though no recycling is 100 percent efficient.

In order for us to reduce landfill wastes we can recycle our used materials. Plastic bottle is one of the examples. After drinking we can use it as a vase in our home through decorating it and make it more attractive, we can also use it as a pot for our plant, etc.

Garbage is everywhere and we can use them if we are using our creativity in recycling. Since plastic is biodegradable and lasts longer than our lives we can use them in daily living not just to reduce wastes but also to make our environment clean.






Pregnancy Type Test Kit For Dengue Positivity



Various deceases and viruses has become a widespread issue in other nations and also in our country today. It has been categorized unto its levels of effect to the health of the people and the cause of how it is being acquired. Some can be cured through immediate medication and random set of test’s, but some doesn’t have remedies but can be prevented, this is because to its undefined symptoms and effect to the body of a certain person. One of the alarming viruses that has been unto several cases here in the Philippines is the Dengue.


The Dengue is a viral infection transmitted by the bite of an infected female Aedes mosquito. This can be cause by any one of four closely related dengue viruses. The mosquito becomes infected when it bites a person with dengue virus in their blood. It can’t be spread directly from one person to another person. Symptoms appear in 3–14 days average 4–7 days after the infected bite. Some of this symptoms may include:

Dengue fever is like a normal flu-like illness that affects infants, young children and adults.There is no specific treatment for dengue fever. Severe dengue is a potentially fatal complication, but early clinical diagnosis and careful clinical management by experienced physicians and nurses often save lives. This has been also the cause of the rapid number of children being hospitalized every year.

The Philippine’s exposure to dengue cases has become an alarming situation in the country. According to the National Epidemiology Center of the Philippines’ the Department of Health reports a total of 59,943 dengue cases from January 1 to September 6,2014. This is 59.57% lower compared to last year (148,279). Of the total cases, 10.47% came from Northern Mindanao Region X, 9.6% from CARAGA Region XIII, 9.19% from Davao Region Region 11.from Region IV-A and , Region III, which are 8.93% and 8.01% respectively, to the overall figure.

As an immediate response to the rapid spread of the Dengue virus into the body and to assure the case of the infected person , a product of study was made  by the Research and Biotechnology Division of the St. Luke’s Medical Center with the help of the Department of Science and Technology DOST,  they developed a “point-of-care” test for dengue meant to be simple enough to be done even by people without medical training.



The pregnancy type test kit for dengue is like a pregnancy test kit, but it is just only for dengue. Just place a few drops of blood into a plastic wand, and you can see if you’re positive after 15 minutes. Like in the ordinary off-the-shelf pregnancy test, a strip of specially-treated materials soaks up the fluid and changes color in the presence of specific chemicals.

According to Dr. Mark Pierre Dimamay one of the members of the research team, the problem with dengue is that its most common symptom fever is usually shrugged off by sufferers, delaying medical attention. It’s only when the fever persists for three or four days that people decide to consult a doctor. But by then, the dengue will already have progressed so time is of the essence.Dengue should not be a fatal disease, it only becomes deadly when treated too late or not treated at all.
While it is too early for them to tell how much this device might cost, the  research team is hoping that it is around the cost of a pregnancy test since they are similar in format.

A prototype of the product has already been produced, with field testing scheduled for next year.

How it works

The dengue test prototype is designed to detect dengue even in its earliest stages, well before the breakout of any tell-tale fever. 

The test involves two strips: one that detects the dengue virus itself in the earlier stages of contamination, and another that reacts to the antibodies produced after virus numbers have subsided. 

This is because, once the dengue virus enters a person, it multiplies until it reaches a peak level; this is when the symptoms, like fever, start to manifest. But after the fourth day of contamination, virus numbers drop as the body counterattacks by producing antibodies which determines the number of weeks being infected. 

So the test works by detecting both the virus and the antibodies produced in its wake.

Other existing methods

A similar device called the Rapid Dengue Test is already available in the market. Unlike the point-of-care prototype of the St. Luke’s team, it only detects the antibodies against dengue, which appear in the blood four to five days after the onset of fever.

Yet another device called the Dengue NS1 Ag Strip is being used by some hospitals to test early dengue infection. However, it still won’t fit the ideal point-of-care test, because its end-users are still healthcare professionals: The patients cannot perform this test by themselves.Methods for diagnosing dengue like the Nucleic Acid Amplification, serological methods, and virus isolations require technical expertise and a lot of time, which don’t make them ideal point-of-care screening tools for general feversThese methods need a laboratory and specialized equipment, plus the technical expertise of the people performing the tests. These methods would also take at least half a day to finish, according to Dr. Dimamay.

As the rapid number of people being hospitalized every year due to dengue, the innovation like the pregnancy type test kit for dengue can be an immediate tool in determining the direct case of the symptoms being undergone by the person. This could also determine the antibodies as to how long the body has been infected by the virus. And such, person suffering with such symptoms could immediately know his/her case and that it could be treated as soon as possible by the medical experts, so that the virus could be detected and can somehow be prevented in spreading. This is also a way in preventing sudden deaths of people due to dengue, because in just a number of minutes you could already determine if your positive of dengue or not. Because, in cases like dengue “Early prevention is a must”. 

By: Sarah Mae Arante

References & Sources

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DevCom As An Art And Science

How Development communication as an art of science and human communication? We know for a fact that we have been studying the major subject for quite some time now. Now I didn’t say that I am an expert in this sort of thing but we have been exposed in a community a couple of times now as to say that it can be an art of science because of the fact that we deal with people and community and by that it means that from their feelings, thoughts and emotions.

It means a lot of things from being an individual or a group we provide them information that can provide for them to have a better lives and we aim to have it in a meaningful and sustainable way.

In the sense of human communication, basing on what I have tackled in the previous paragraphs that we deal with people and the basic outcome that we ought to reach is to make a difference in the quality of life of an individual or community.

Development Communication is an art because it used the art of mass media that allows it creatively prepare its materials in implementing the development in a certain community. It applies different unique ideas that will catch the attention and also of course the cooperation of the members of the community.

Development Communication is a science because it follows a systematic pattern and does go through the process of scientific method in achieving the development it wants to instill to the community. They identify problems that are from the members of the community themselves and organizers think of what are the most effective ways to counter or solve the issues or problems. They prepare step by step process or have plans to follow in order to achieve development.

DevCom: Art and Science of Human Communication

“Caring about others, running the risk of feeling, and leaving an impact on people, brings happiness.”
-Harold Kushner
According to Nora Quebral, Devcom is the art and science of human communication applied to the speedy transformation of a country and the mass of its people from poverty to a dynamic state of economic growth that makes possible greater social equality and the larger fulfillment of the human potential.
Development Communication as an art
DevCom requires creativity because you have to gain attraction and attention to your audience. It practices the creativeness of the field such as community organizing, reporting and a lot more which requires creativity, resourcefulness, skillfulness and a lot of ideas in human communication.
Development Communication as a science
It practices systematic application to processes, strategies and principle of communication to bring about positive social change by supporting sustainable change in development operations. It also aims to do this through engaging key stakeholders, inducing positive behavioral and social change, disseminating information and establishing conducive environments.
DevCom brings change to the society through the use of new technology and mass communications. The best example of social change devcom brings is the community organizing. It is where you go to communities, teach them how to be resourceful, skillful, creative, the strategies in life for a better living, and shared ideas in a devcom way and surely their lives will change. Not only their lives but also the community their living in and is their social behavior.
As Development Communicators, we are ready to face any challenges, whether it is easy or hard as long as we have trust and confidence and can give happiness to people. We are born to change and give care to the society into a much better place to live in.

Human Communication Roles in Development Communication

         Communication is necessary in the world. We are obliged to communicate in order to live life harmoniously. Can you just imagine what will happen if we don’t know the art of communication? Exactly! This world will start and end up in an unorganized way. No understanding and no development at all.

          Human communication plays an important role in development communication. Humans are the centered of development. We find ways on how to achieve the kind of development we wanted and needed. As a human being, we have the answers on how important human communication is in achieving our goals in life. As much as we know, we are lucky to be born with skill and knowledge on how to communicate. We just have to know how to develop these.

Development Communication can be simply discussed using only two terminologies, Development and Communication itself. On my own words, it is a tool on achieving desired goals which can result to the development of a certain place through the use of human communication in forms of science and technology and artistry.

Human Communication promotes development if actively practiced. The concept of people’s participation creates development. As they say, Development Communication is an art and science of human communication. Indeed, development was brought by the advancement of science and technology in our society. Technology made our lives easier. These thought may give us a hope of achieving development in a faster way with the use of different technologies such as the use of Social Media. Technology is already part of human communication. It creates a bridge on giving and getting information no matter where we locate ourselves. With the modernization we have now, human communication improved in a way we never expected.

Indeed, active human communication plays a big role in development communication.

DevCom Heroes: Because It’s Your Right To Know


In the modern world, one is considered ignorant if he or she does not know anything about what’s happening around him or her. Especially when you belong to a kind of environment where people seem to feed on gadgets and other technological bling. It has been a psychosocial factor to the development of a person in a certain society. Being computer literate isn’t anymore the basic knowledge one should possess in order to be socially accepted. Today, one should be Internet literate in order to keep up with the pace of most of the world and enjoy the things he or she should be enjoying. But the truth to the fact is that not most of the world’s population is enjoying these breakthroughs of science and technology. Why? Because no one tells them. Because these type of information does not reach them. This is where the job of Development Communication comes in.

Through DevCom, secluded communities relative to the scope of information dissemination can now be reached. People of DevCom dedicate their time in spreading information to those who are usually the last to get them. In this case, breakthroughs of science and technology. They help the flow of significant information such as a newly discovered cure to what the less fortunate considered to be an incurable disease before. Another example would be informing them of the new ways to improve their livelihood through new technologies that are lucrative in the present market.

It is one thing to popularize the breakthroughs of science and technology among these people, and another to use these to improve their life situations. Breakthroughs may come and go. They may cost a fortune, but the value of what we DevCom people inculcate in their lives could only be measured through the heart.

Development Communication as an Art and Science….

Dr. Nora Quebral of the University of the Philippines at Los Baños defines Development Communication as “the art and science of human communication applied to a speedy transformation of a country and the mass of its people from poverty to a dynamic state of economic growth that makes possible greater social equality and the larger fulfillment of the human potentials”.

How is DevCom as an art and science of human communication?

Development Communication as an art of human communication means of being creative in communicating or giving messages to its audience simply with the use of various communication media and communication materials. On the other hand, communication materials can also be a source of communication information. In the practice of field programs such as conducting seminars, workshop, community organization or having an interview, we can gather information which we wanted to know. In a working environment it is very convenient to make use of outputs such as posters, leaflets or TV spots because it is easy to get the attention of the audience before he would decide to read it.

          Development Communication is a branch of communication science yet its basic differences lies with its orientation. It is essentially an orientation towards people for it implies a personal belief, a personal stand and a personal commitment. It is a message-centric and receiver-oriented because it does not limit itself to use of mass media.

Development Communication is relatively a young science because it uses scientific methods, where different theories and principles are being applied in giving solutions to the societies problem. And also for creating decisions and planned how to carry out the communication intervention in a society.  Development communication as a science helps to improve the public to gain understanding of science in determining where to get primary information. Through organization, processes, packages or distributing ideas in forms of communication materials such as leaflets, electronic mail, television or radio. It also helps to educate, teach the poor to improve his life by knowing how to provide for himself and his family the basic needs.



Ongkiko, I.V and Flor, A (1998). Introduction to Development Communication. Development Communication, Page 129. SEAMEO Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture and the University of the Philippines Open City. Philippines

Development Communication: towards Nation’s Progress

Development Communication was defined as the art and science of human communication linked to a society’s planned transformation from a state of poverty to one dynamic socio-economic growth that makes for greater equality and the larger unfolding of individual potentials by Dr. Nora C, Quebral, the mother of this discipline in 1971. Development Communication grew in response to societal problems. One of its underlying assumptions is that these (societal) problems may be traced to root causes and these root causes may in turn be remedied by information and communication. Development Communication is both an art and science of human communication because it uses scientific methods to make complicated things simple and as an art it uses different artistic, creative and eye catchy communication materials and media to communicate effectively. As a Development Communicator in the future, the author was able to draw out several realizations on how Development Communication was considered as an art and science of human communication.

YOU MUST BE CREATIVE. In persuading the community, you must implement the programs creatively. You, as the source of information must be able to transmit this information to your audience correctly and with their full attention to the topic, because if you don’t, you might find yourself alone.

Photo taken during the Community Organizing Class of BSDC 3A (batch 2014) at Brgy. San Roque, Nueva Valencia, Guimaras. Teaching these children the importance of proper hand-washing and personal hygiene.   Photo by: K.M. Vergara

Photo taken during the Community Organizing Class of BSDC 3A (batch 2014) at Brgy. San Roque, Nueva Valencia, Guimaras. Teaching these children the importance of proper hand-washing and personal hygiene.
Photo by: K.M. Vergara

YOU MUST BE RESOURCEFUL. This is making use of the available resources in the community. Give the fact that not all communities have the access to new technologies, you as a DevCom practitioner must be able to make out of something from the community, what’s with them and what they can do to it to make it useful, you must integrate different ideas to the community for as the old quote would say, teach them how to fish and they will live forever.

YOU MUST BE ABLE TO COMMUNICATE EFFECTIVELY. This is the main point of being a Development Communicator, communicating development to the people. You must be able to inform and educate people on the things of their concern and the things that they must learn whether they will be children, youth, those with profession, or even the adults.

Informal Education/ Spiritual Instructions to the children of Brgy. Mabini, Buenavista, Guimaras.
Photo by: R.P. Escala

YOU MUST BE ABLE TO SIMPLIFY THE COMPLICATED. This is one of the most needed attributes of a Development Communicator, and this is where the “science” takes place. Communicating new scientific innovations on farming for example is not easy, you have to learn it first, and then teach it to people on how use it in the simplest way possible in order for them to make use of it.

YOU MUST BE READY. Development Communication may lead you to somewhere far away from home. Let you step on a muddy road. Let you eat exotic food, therefore you must be ready emotionally, physically and mentally.

The discipline goes beyond profession, for development communication is a commitment and a life to live for the progress of the nation through information and communication. Development in the Third World Countries such as the Philippines is a dream and a goal that must be reached, for development starts from within, for Development Communication measures development through ‘man’.


Ongkiko, Ila Virginia and Flor, Alexander G. (1998). Introduction to Development Communication. Los Baños: University of the Philippines Open University and Southeast Asia Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture.

Development Communication: A Key to Human Development

According to Quebral(2006), Development Communication is “the art and science of human communication linked to a society’s planned transformation from a state of poverty to one of dynamic socio-economic growth that makes for greater equity and the larger unfolding of individual potential.”

We live in a communication age, and the full impact of communication on development is just starting to be seen and we also live in a communication era, with rapid expansion in the reach of mass media, and improved techniques for the interpersonal exchange of ideas. Based on the experience of FAO and other agencies, communication for development has reached the stage where it can have a noticeable and rewarding effect on many development programmes.

We, as Development Communication practitioner, can help human communication through helping them to improved their communities first because change must first exists on our own homes. We are conducting events such as programs and activities that could enhance their human communication and their community as well. We’re doing it hand-to-hand in able for us to make even simple change that could lead to higher development.

Communication is the way, indeed the only way – we learn who we are … our sense of identity comes from the way we interact with other people. In short, the way we speak or talk to others simply defines ourselves. As a DevCom practitioner, we must also aware of what is happening to existing problems around us such as poverty, malnutrition and etc. We must know how to react on that certain problems because it defines who we really are.

Therefore, development really starts within us, and there would be no development if there is no communication. Development communication can improve activities at all levels, enhancing management, teamwork and the morale of personnel.

But being a Development Communication student is enjoyable, interesting, wonderful, and that is the main reason for being a communicator.

We're having a small talks with the senior citizens of Brgy. San Roque, Guiramas.

We’re having a small talks with the senior citizens of Brgy. San Roque, Guimaras. A simple example of human communication.