Mangosteen: “A Fruit of God”

Mangosteen: “A Fruit of God”

Mangosteen from the Latin name “Gracinia mangostana”, is tropical tree that cannot withstand in a very hot nor in a very cold conditions. Mangosteen tree, known as queen of all fruits is an erect tree that is slow growing and bears a dark reddish purple fruit and becomes deep reddish purple once ripe. The fruit has thick rind and white sectioned inner flesh that is juicy. Mangosteen is a dark purple fruit about 2 to 3 inches in diameter – the size of a small peach or apple. Mangosteen is known as Thailand’s national fruit.

According to Jarrett Wrisley, Mangosteen is a tropical fruit that grows in South East Asia, in Philippines, Malaysia, and Indonesia.

Today a lot of people are suffering from different diseases and still striving to find some remedies to cure. Some of them look for some kind of herbal medicine or fruit that can heal these diseases because they believe that a natural way of curing is more effective compared to medicines that is prescribed by a doctor. A lot of herbs and fruits appeared today that we believed is effective in curing different kind of diseases.

According to Herminia de Guzman-Ladion, R.N., A.R.P.T., P.T.R.P., here are some herbs and fruits that can heal some diseases:

  1. Avocado (Abukado) seed for toothache
  2. Melon Tree (Papaya) seeds for worm infestation
  3. Guava (Bayabas) leaves for swollen gums and mouth inflammation
  4. Life Plant (Kataka-taka) leaves poultice for sprained ankle or wrist
  5. Kamantigui flowers poultice for snake bites
  6. Kakawate (Madre de Cacao) leaves for skin itchiness or allergy, and dermatitis
  7. Mango (Mangga) gum resin or sap for scabies
  8. Garlic (Bawang) cloves for ringworm
  9. Marsh Mint (Herba Buena) leaves for rheumatism
  10. Five-leaved Chaste Tree (Lagundi) leaves for mumps
  11. Sugar Apple (Atis) unripe fruit and seeds for mosquito bites
  12. Melon Tree (Papaya) ripe for indigestion
  13. Balimbing leaves for chicken pox, and many more.

Aside from those experts who have studied and have tested about the effectivity of these herbs and fruits, I also knew a person here in Iloilo who is said to be a faith healer and expert in recommending some kind of herbs and fruits that can heal different kind of diseases.

ImageNorma Tagnawa, born August 24, 1961, lives in barangay Dapdap, Tigbauan, Iloilo, an expert in faith healing. She is well-known to be as an effective faith healer. She is now at her 35th year in the said work. She started healing different kind of diseases when she was seventeen years old. At that very young age, she can already heal a person who is suffering from any kind of diseases. According to her, she healed her daughter that was suffering from a certain disease and her father-in-law who has a heart disease.

When her father-in-law was suffering from heart problem, she find some ways on how to cure that illness. She kept on praying and praying and asking help from God on how she could help her father-in-law. The prayers guided her, to find some kind of herb that is said to be good in heart ailment. She tried looked for it and experimented if it was effective or not. After that, she was surprised that her father-in-law was slowly recovering from his illness after he took that kind of medicine. She also wondered to herself if how did those things happened. After a week, a lot of people were visiting her after they knew that she can already heal. At first, she doubted her capacity to become a faith healer and denying to people that she was not that expert in healing those kind of diseases. But she found herself already helping those people who came to their house and who asked help from her to cure their disease. After how many weeks, she became popular in their barangay as a good and effective faith healer. According to her, praying is her way in healing people because prayers helped her to find some fruits and herbs that can cure a certain disease. As time passed by, she became popular as a faith healer and healed thousands of people. Because of that gift, she reached different places to heal different people like in Iloilo, Guimaras, Bacolod, Palawan, Manila, and places in Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. Even some people who lives in other countries like Cyprus, Florida, Canada, California and Singapore. Her popularity in healing different diseases reached in different countries. She became popular in her field of endeavor.

According to her, there are a lot of herbs and fruits that can cure different kinds of diseases. But, she discovered a kind of fruit that is unlike any other, she called it a “super fruit” or the “queen of all fruits”. This is the “Fruit of God” called as mangosteen or  “miagos”.

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That was year 2000, when she tried to use mangosteen in healing kidney trouble. She used a mangosteen root to make a tea. After 13 years of using mangosteen as a medicine, she discovered that this is very useful because of its healing power to cure different kinds of illnesses. And she already proved that this kind of fruit can cure diseases like malaria, kidney trouble, cancer, ulcer, diabetes, diarrhea, and heart disease. Other health benefits of mangosteen can be found in the bark, leaves, fruit or rind. Here in Iloilo, mangosteen tree can be found in Igcocolo, Guimbal.

How to make a mangosteen tea?

Mangosteen tea is made from the roots, bark, leaves, fruit or rind. Any part of this can be stepped out in hot water overnight and can be drunk as a tea.

What are the mangosteen tea benefits?

Mangosteen tea can strengthen the body to prevent diseases and can also be used to treat diseases such as infection, reduce fevers, boost immune system, cure malaria, kidney trouble, cancer, ulcer, diabetes, and heart diseases.

Here are some of the scientifically proven benefits of the Mangosteen Fruit.

The information below is referenced by Dr. J.F. Templeman, M.D. and the ethnobotanical database of America’s foremost ethnobotanist, Dr. James Duke, who worked with The University of Maryland and the USDA.

  1. Anti-fatigue
  2. Anti-inflammatory – prevents inflammation
  3. Analgesic – prevents pain
  4. Anti-ulcer – prevents stomach, mouth and bowel ulcers
  5. Anti-depressant
  6. Anxyolytic – anti-anxiety effect
  7. Anti-Alzheimerian – helps prevent dementia
  8. Anti-tumor and cancer prevention – multiple categories cited
  9. Immunomodulator – multiple categories cited
  10. Anti-aging
  11. Anti-oxidant
  12. Anti-viral – prevent/modulate viral infection
  13. Anti-biotic – prevents or modulates bacterial infections
  14. Anti-fungal – prevents or modulates fungal infection
  15. Anti-seborrheaic – prevents seborrhea, eg. dandruff, etc
  16. Anti-lipidemic – blood fat lowering
  17. Anti-atherosclerotic – prevents hardening of the arteries
  18. Cardioprotective – protects the heart
  19. Hypotensive – blood pressure lowering
  20. Hypoglycemic -anti-diabetic effect
  21. Anti-obesity – helps with weight loss
  22. Anti-arthritic – prevention of arthritis
  23. Anti-osteoporosis
  24. Anti-periodontic – prevents gum disease
  25. Anti-allergenic – prevents allergic reaction
  26. Anti-calculitic – prevents kidney stones
  27. Anti-pyretic – fever lowering
  28. Anti-Parkinso
  29. Anti-diarrheal
  30. Anti-neuralgic – reduces nerve pain, eg. diabetic neuropathy, etc.
  31. Anti-vertigo – prevents dizziness
  32. Anti-glaucomic – prevents glaucoma
  33. Anti-cataract – prevents cataracts

Here are some interesting facts about mangosteen:

  • The French explorer Laurenties Garcin gave Mangosteen its name, Garncinia mangostana
  • Is chock-full of anti-oxidants
  • Are anti-inflammatory that also fights viruses, bacteria, tumors, old age, allergies, and lethargy
  • Is Thailand’s National Fruit
  • Is so highly acclaimed that many people around the world believe that it is the best tasting fruit
  • It takes up to ten years of cultivation before a Mangosteen tree can bare fruit
  • The mangosteen tree produces fruit twice a year
  • Is the fruit of an evergreen tree
  • Trees grow between 20 to 80 feet in some areas
  • In addition to mangosteen being called the “Queen of all fruits,” it is also referred to as “The food of the gods”
  • The exocarp or rind becomes deep reddish purple once ripe
  • Mangosteen trees are “dioecius,” meaning that there are both male and female trees
  • If you turn a Mangosteen upside-down and count its “petals,” it will give you the exact number of fruit segments or “slices you will have upon opening it

And here’s what Alex Royter, recently had to say about mangosteen fruit:

The rind is where most of the beneficial nutrients are found, and the white pulp is often enjoyed as a dessert in Southeast Asia.

The antioxidant levels found in mangosteen are through the roof, which are found in the mangosteen’s pericarp, or skin.

The xanthones in mangosteen can help slow signs of aging, combat degenerative diseases, and reduce mental and physical deterioration in the body. Rich in essential vitamins and minerals, the mangosteen fights inflammation, fatigue, and obesity. Research shows that the mangosteen can boost the immune system, elevate mood, reduce vertigo, promote healthy teeth and gums, and heal weakened joints.

While much research is still being conducted, some of the possible health benefits of mangosteen may include:

May be helpful in healing damaged cells, very high in antioxidants (high ORAC rating), may be effective in improving cardiovascular health, may help to slow signs of aging, may be useful in combatting degenerative diseases, may help to fight fungus and parasites, may be effective in neutralizing free radicals, may help to reduce mental and physical deterioration, rich in essential vitamins and minerals, may help to stimulate red blood cell growth, may be useful for increasing mental energy, focus, and attention span, studies have shown that it contains compounds that may have anti-inflammatory properties, helps to maintain proper intestinal health, may be useful in increasing longevity, may help to reduces fatigue, may be an effective immune system booster, used traditionally to help fight obesity, may help reduce allergy symptoms, may be useful in elevating mood, and may help to promote healthy teeth and gum.

References:

De Guzman-Ladion, H., R.N., A.R.P.T., P.T.R.P., (1985), “Healing

     Wonders of Herbs”, Philippine Publishing House, Manila, Philippines                                                                                                     

http://curezone.com/forums/fm.asp?i=454113

http://dohn121.hubpages.com/hub/The-Mangosteen-Queen-of-All-Fruits

http://www.amazon.com/Mangosteen-Herbal-Organic-Thailand-Health/dp/B00CN8TDC8

http://www.crazyfortea.com/mangosteenherb.html

http://www.gomangosteen.com/members/magixango

http://www.islandteashop.com/Mangosteen/

http://www.juicingbook.com/fruits/mangosteen#.Ug5P0Ninu_I

http://www.puritan.com/herbal-supplements-005/ppmangostn-wgoji-pom32-ozl-024567

http://www.spreadtheverve.com/mangosteen-queen-of-all-fruits/

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Food Technnology: Invasion of Malunggay Bread

            

                   Filipinos are known to be a good eater. We love to eat whenever and wherever we want to. When it comes in food, we are always on-the-go. We eat foods to satisfy our cravings. We culturally love eating carbohydrates such as rice and bread. As they say, we are easily tempted by foods of different tastes. It may be expensive or affordable, typical or exotic, and nutritious or not. We are easily pleased no matter how the packaging looks like. We even spend time on cooking our favorite meals for the family and even spare time in baking delicacies that we want to eat if we have time or when we are at home. Indeed, foods are not just a need for us but as well as an interests.Nowadays, people find alternative ways on eating nutritious food. In our daily lives, we need to acquire the kind of nutrients that our body needs in order for us to do things and to execute our works every day.  There are many ways in getting nutrients and vitamins. We may eat menus with vegetables and fruits, we may take vitamins or whatever supplement that we want or simply drink a lot of water just to gain and regain nutrients in our body.

                There are a lot of vegetables out there with different colours, sizes, shapes, taste and nutrients but one veggie stands out. What is it? It is the famous and very nutritious Malunggay. It is also known as Miracle Tree  for its every part, as the leaves, fruits, flowers, roots and bark of the tree can be used in many ways. It’s not only a medicine but as well as a great sources of many nutrients such as Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Calcium, Protein, Potassium, and also Amino acid and many more . Many experts considered Malunggay as seven times the vitamin C in oranges, four times the calcium in milk, four times the vitamin A in carrots, two times the protein in milk and three times the potassium in bananas. According to the article of Artie Sy of SunStar on October 2012, featured Malunggay as a humble tree, it is also said to balance sugar levels, hence it is helpful in the fight against diabetes. With the consumption of malunggay in the daily diet pattern, the body’s natural defence mechanism increases. Many people face problems of high cholesterol regardless of their age and status. Malunggay helps us in balancing the cholesterol levels in our body.

            With the new technology and modernization, people also find ways to even maximize the use of Malunggay. Many experimentation in food making was done using malunggay leaves and other parts of it. One of the experiments in food making that they have made was the introduction of Malunggay as a flavor of bread. It was mix with the typical ingredients of bread and here we go, the new more nutritious and more savory bread was made for consumers, especially for bread lovers. Every early morning, Filipinos make it a habit to buy bread from sari-sari bread store or panaderia since we are fond of eating bread as replacement in eating rice. Some people also sell it through house to house using their bicycles or motorcycles. From that point, eating bread however becomes part of our daily food intake for most Filipinos.

                 As malunggay bread was introduced and commercialize here in our country, some concerned Government department like Department of Health (DOH), National Food Authority (NFA), Beaurue of Food and Drugs (BFAD), Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology (DOST), and etc. it was highly approved by the government departments mentioned and was also recommended as a good product that offers high nutrition value for all sector of consumers including children. It is also good to know that malunggay is abundantly available and inexpensive in our country and even can be planted in our own backyards. It is also one way of promoting inexpensive ingredient if ever we decided to use it in cooking and in baking bread or the malunggay bread. Eating bread is never that nutritious until ”Malunggay Bread” was made possible.

        I am not a bread lover but I am a malunggay lover. I really love to eat this vegetable especially when it is mixed with other vegetables as our viand. I even tasted a pasta with malunggay as its ingredient at one of the restaurant here in Iloilo, I appreciated it and even enjoyed eating that recipe. Actually, I haven’t imagine eating bread made of malunggay until my sister, whose working as a high school teacher at one of the famous private school in Iloilo, gave me a bread and told me that it’s made up of malunggay. She even mentioned that it was from his student who wanted to promote their family business product since it was Nutrition Month Celebration. I was surprise and told myself that I have to taste it. It was good and better than I expected. Indeed, I’m really now a certified malunggay eater / malunggay lover! As I do my other readings, interviews and research about this malunggay bread invasion, I successfully found one of the bakery thatoffers Malunggay Bread.  As I reached Leganes, where UNG BAKESHOP is located, I was able to prove to myself that Malunggay bread of UNG BAKESHOP is really famous in their place because even pedicab drivers know it and tastes it already. The UNG BAKESHOP located at Leganes and owned by Tareno family. For almost 20 years, they make quality products and just on July 2013, they decided and invented a new product, the Malunggay Bread. I was given a chance to talk with the owners and on how they came up with this Malunggay Bread. At first, Mr. Ulysses Toreno wanted to experiment on having a new product with a twist and Mrs. Nenia Toreno  added that what if they will use malunggay leaves to their typical bread to make it more nutritious. It was first tasted by their workers and themselves too. Luckily, people of Leganes and their other existing costumers loved the taste of it. It was just a three month old product and still counting for many months and years to come. . Malunggay Bread already invaded Leganes and working to make a big name in the province of Iloilo and Iloilo City with malunggay bread as its instrument.

            One of the workers named Renan Bangonon, a 25 years old worker and worked for almost 8 years  in UNG BAKESHOP shared the ingredients needed in making malunggay bread as well as the equipments and machines used in baking it.

            For the readers out there who wants to have a bite of the malunggay bread, here’s the ingredients and a way on how to prepare your very own nutritious malunggay bread at home. Let’s explore the cooking of the wonderful plant for I have given you such scientific and purposive information about the malunggay. All I have mentioned were all true and exactly what we should believe in. So try to explore your kitchen!

INGREDIENTS

  • 3 kilo of first class flour                                                                                      
  • ¾ refined sugar
  • 3 eggs
  • 40 grams of salt
  • 40 grams of skim milk
  • ¼ lard (for shortening)
  • 50 grams yeast                                                                  
  • 720 grams of water
  • And 80 grams of Malunggay leaves

EQUIPMENT/ MACHINES USED:

  • Roller
  • Oven
  • Slicer
  • Mixer
  • Stand used for plate
  • Plate or Tray

PROCEDURE:

  • Mix flour, powdered milk, yeast in a clean bowl.
  • Combine malunggay, salt and sugar in water in another clean bowl.
  • Put water into a flour mixture and mix it well until it is hydrated properly.
  • Add the lard for shortening and roll it until elastic and smooth.
  • Allow the mixture or dough to rest for 15-20 minutes.
  • Divide dough equally. Use a weighting scale to have same weight in every piece.
  • Cut it into rectangular size or into desired sizes according to you.
  • Roll the dough until the structure is okay and ready to be bake.
  • Bake at a preheated oven (350F) for 20-25 minutes.
  • Do your packaging (for business purpose).

Image           She added that in every other day, they produced 110 or more malunggay bread excluding fixed deliveries. For only 5php retailed price, you can already grab a bite of the nutritious malunggay bread of UNG BAKESHOP.

               Imagine how it tastes especially when it’s hot and placed in table with hot coffee or chocolate drink during breakfast as what most Filipinos wanted to eat during early morning.  Love the taste of one of kind malunggay bread especially made for Filipinos like you. Enjoy every bite you make while gaining nutrients and vitamins. It is a two in one product made for the health and for consumption. Being full and at the same time being healthy.

                  

Photo by hennamarieduenas

Malunggay Bread of UNG BAKESHOP

Try the nutritious Malunggay Bread now!

TECHNOLOGY IN SUSTAINING HABLON PRODUCTS IN MIAG-AO, ILOILO

Technology in Sustaining Hablon Products

As modern technologies have taken place workers, tend to do their job easier where they could save time and energy than traditional one. Technologies could do many more products to produce to the consumers in just a short period. The Global-market depends on the fast cycle of products that technology could do. Local textile industry must put forth more effort to produce more textile products so that they will sustain their numbers of production, which is tough competition to prevail.

The question is how could traditional technology helps to sustain their textile business?pic1

Loom or Tiral in local term is a tool used to weave cloth out of the fabric by weaving yarn or thread’s strands together at the right angle. Weaving is a production fabric interlacing two sets of yarn so that they crossed each other accomplished with manually or machine assisted loom.

Mary Ann Montagon, loom weaver, explained the process involves in making Hablon Products on how they sustained their fabrication value. To understand the procedure, here are the processes on producing fabric.

Preparing a Hablon weave takes about two hours, preparing for the materials that are need from designing, preparing loom and threads, hand loom weaving, and warping threads to hablon cloth.

Warping -the arranging of the yarn longitudinal that must be very strong.

The weft yarn it is the binding of the warp threads at either until a desired size has reach.

-after the warp is stretched , raising every alternate warp yarn or set of yarns to receive the weft; picking for inserting the weft; and battening for pressing the weft to make the fabric compact. Involve tying the ends of the warp yarn to create tassels or securing these ends in an attractive fashion.pic5 pic4

Each member of the Hablon loom weaver can make 4-5 meters a day, 20- 25 meters per week depend on their capacity to do so. Because of the good quality that they produced, many tourists approach to order some of their products. Buyers preferred made-to-order hablon cloth. Usually their buyers are the schools for their school uniforms, government offices for their office uniforms. Many customers love and trusted their products. That is why when someone asks, looking for the quality made textile, somebody would refer you to Hablon Products.

pic8Using the traditional technology or loom they do more produce and improved their products by making quality made Hablon products. Hablon products sort from barongs, gowns, bags, handkerchiefs, belts, shawls, pillowcases, lamp sheets, pouches. They even show up their gowns on pic2fashion shows. That is why loom weaver people extend some efforts and patience to produce more quality products to their customers. Since they are the members of the cooperative, the profit they will get, will go to them.

In addition, weaving progress in Miag-ao could give a chance to women who do not have a job.

Challenges

However, due to the increase of demand in the textile industry, the need for clothing and other usage of textile are getting higher. The limited financial capacity for Hablon would also limit their opportunities to produce more products. Given the fact that Hablon Products are done manually. Global market would desire fast production for the products and technology plays a major role to produce massive products.

Modern Technology for Textile Industry

Traditional work in the textile should manually be done by handwork since it is a tradition it must supposed to be done manu-mano which a man should do the job. Now living in the modern world where people tend to lived their life to the technology that could give them ease on their life. Thus ranging of new machines in textile industry give a threat to the employment of local textile industry, in the sense that traditional weaving takes a lot of time and effort to finish their products, before they could finish their cloth, machines have already done to produce more products. Modern textile industry could do a lot of job in just short span of time and could give the global consumers’ need. Equivalent of this is a slow market of local or traditional textile industry and less income for the family and community that could benefit from it.

Only few people could benefit from the technology as the machines doing all the process. The artistic sense of human creative mind is slowly diminishing when it comes to embroidering, designing, etc.

What will happen if the machines will do all the work of man? As states in Kahlil Gibran “On Work”, you fulfill a part of earth’s further dream.  In addition, the purpose of a man on earth is to work, not the machines will. We cannot deny the fact that modern technology textiles could do a big a favor when it comes to the production of the fabrics that the world need. They could supply a large number of fabrics, however, the numbers of people who work on the machines are lesser compare if they do the traditional way. Traditional weaving could also build a weaving community and could provide self-employment. Modern technology consumes a higher electric energy that cost expensive capital compare to the earnings of a person who works on the technology.

However, machine assisted textiles give quantitative products compare to the traditional or manual weaving of cloth. It gives different kind of designs, since the designs are technically pattern to the computer and the machine will do the rest.

Traditional Technology on Improving Hablon Products

pic7To improve the products of hablon using the traditional technology they make sure that they are using the best materials that will not disappoint their customers, before they become loom weaver they have a seminar in which, the Girls are usually brought to the production center, and taught by older weavers to do loom weaving.

When they already know how to weave, they may replace their mothers. Older

women weavers then tend to be contented about the educational pursuit of theirpic3

daughters since after high school, they are expected to substitute them at work and become providers for the family.

Hand weaving used to be much more popular before the invention of the modern technology. Traditional technology on weaving or they called it Tiral in local dialect, used to weave cloth. The basic purpose of it is to hold the warp threads under tension to facilitate the interweaving

of the weft threads. It helps to improve the process of weaving since it is essential to reduce breakage and the hairiness of yarn will decrease.

The impact of increased competition and expansion of modern textile industry, the level of operation in handloom sector has declined.

High-end clients such as local and international fashion designers and boutiques value the crafts manship and fine texture of Miag-ao hablon products. These qualities enable most Miag-ao hablon producers to command higher market prices.

REFERENCES:

(2013).Weaving Progress for the Miag-ao Hablon Industry: Gender-Responsive Value Chain Analysis of Hablon Weaves in Miag-ao, Iloilo. Retrieved August 31, 3013 from http://pcw.gov.ph/sites/default/files/documents/resources/gwp_case_study_weaving_hablon_miag-ao.pdf

Edwin Antoni. Hablon products. Retrieved August 31, 2013 from http://www.ilocandiatreasures.com/2012/04/hablon-local-textile-of-miag-ao.html

Happyswissman. Traditional vs modern textile industry. Retreived August 31, 2013 from

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QH9rAsmMCGM

Looming. Retrieved August 31, 2013 from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/loom

3G Taxi Roaming around Iloilo City streets: The City Of Love

During the past few decades, modern technology, with radio, TV, air travel, and satellites, has woven a network of communication which puts each part of the world in to almost instant contact with all the other parts.

~David Bohm

According to one of the famous scientists, Thomas A. Edison, “To invent, you need a good imagination and a pile of junk.”

In this modern generation and third world country, we are now entering the world of new modern technologies and new inventions. For so many years we only hear new inventions are being invented in the Western part of the world, in Japan and in South Korea. Now inventions are existing from every country of the world. Some we might hear on news but some are hidden and waiting to be discovered. For so many years, professionals are popular in making new inventions and now students are entering the world of new inventions and waiting to be called new inventors of the century. Philippines as one of the developing countries, we Filipinos are so proud because some of our fellowmen are on the line of famous inventors. Contests of new local inventions are rising up everywhere and all ages are eager to join the said competitions. Organizations and schools also organize exhibits of new local inventions. This is to inspire and encourage people to try out and make new inventions and out of that new invention it can be called one of the new modern technology of the century. Some children ages 10-15 are joining local inventions contests. This is to prove that making new inventions are for all ages. This inventions can be of great help to the next generations to come and this is to testify how smart and imaginable their forefathers are. Just like what Thomas Edison said, simple inventions can be made up out of simple and junk things, in short being resourceful and of course with a help of a little imagination. Each and every one of us is using technologies to make our life and work a little bit easier. One of these new modern technologies is the WiFi or Wireless Fidelity, Wireless Internet.

With this new modern technology, people can now connect their phones, laptops and tabs using WiFi anytime, anywhere without using usb cords anymore. Some uses pocket WiFi or routers at home or maybe in schools, offices and business firms.

A lot of businesses today are related to WiFi connections. Especially celphone companies who makes WiFi access phones as one of their biggest businesses. This business is a very big boom to the people. A lot of people are wondering where did WiFi originated and what does it really means? Wi-Fi, also spelled Wifi or WiFi, is a popular technology that allows an electronic device to exchange data or connect to the internet wirelesslyusing radio waves

Most companies, restaurants, fast food chains, even schools and offices are now WiFi areas so are buses. Another first in the country, Mr. Rhodney Uy’s 3G Taxi is the new talk in town and a new transportation in the city’s culture. But here in Iloilo City, a unique taxi cab is roaming around the the City of Love’s historical streets. This taxi cab is not just an ordinary vehicle like what we used to ride when jeepneys are so full of passengers. This a 3G Taxi in which it has free WiFi connection.

3G Taxi is the first taxi cab in the Philippines with free WiFi. The interior is so ordinary but it is cozy and new.

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Businessman Rhodney Uy might be trivial compared to owners of known taxi fleet in this city, but he offered a service which they have not. The 3G Taxi is owned by Mr. Rhodney Uy, a businessman. He owns the unit and at the same time he drives it. Mr. Uy’s concept about this WiFi zoned taxi cab started last December 2012 but it started plying the city streets in February 1, 2013.

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When I asked Mr. Rhodney Uy why he invented this kind of taxi, “The taxi is a way of life to the Ilonggos and to people who comes to visit the city. I just want to be different from other taxi services”.

Everytime he drives the unit, he hears 95% of positive feed backs. It is a trial run to see how people accept this idea. With encouraging responses from and positive feed backs from different sectors and passengers, this entrepreneur plans to expand his business by adding more units still with WiFi connections. According to Iloilo Daily, Mayor Jed Patrick E. Mabilog welcomed the development saying the improvement of transport services in the metropolis will help boost the city’s tourism promotions.

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The 3G Taxi is very convenient and a great help to passengers like professionals, students and especially tourists. Example is clicking a specific website from your gadget to convert dollars to peso or any other currency to peso. Teens were also so amazed of what the 3G Taxi has to offer. It’s as if they don’t want to get out of the taxi because of the comfort inside and also because of the free WiFi.

The flag down rate is still Php 40.00 because WiFi is free.

The idea of having a free internet access on taxis first originated in Madrid when Vodafone Spain sponsored the WiFi connection where Spaniards and tourists need not to watch an advertisement, they just had to use a password given by the taxi driver, which allowed them to access the web.

In London, with the use of both 3G and 4G technology, passengers were able to have a free Internet browsing, to watch a 15 second ad for every 15 minutes of access.

Later, Japan also kicked off the “WiFi everywhere” service subsidized by DoComo to the 820 cabs from the biggest and largest taxi company in Japan- the Tokyo Musen Cooperative.

Benefits of WiFi on board is that you’re able to offer high-speed wireless Internet access for your passengers easily for them not to get bored while they’re on their way to their destination they want to go.

If you’re stuck in the middle of a heavy traffic, why not try opening your gadgets and connect it to the free WiFi service of the 3G Taxi for the mean time. Instead of getting bored and murmuring why you were stuck in the middle of a heavy traffic, you’ll get entertained and instead of having a bad day just wish yourself a happy day.

So what are you waiting for?

Be among to connect online… on the road!.

Photos by: Leana Jan C. Candoleta

References: 3G Taxi. Retrieved: August 31, 2013 from http://www.iloilodaily.com/wifi-taxi-

in-iloilo-city/

3G Taxi. Retrieved: August 31, 2013

from http://www.iloilometropolitantimes.com/wifi-taxi-another-first-from-iloilo/

Modern Technology. Retrieved: August 31, 2013            

from http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/d/davidbohm320052.html

Inventions. Retrieved: August 31, 2013

from http://www.goodreads.com/quotes/tag/invention

Practice of using Rice Straw as Organic Fertilizer in San Miguel, Iloilo

Rice is a traditional and essential food in the Philippines.

National Food Authority declares that Iloilo is cited to have abundant of production of rice each year making Iloilo as 2nd top producer of rice in 959,270 metric tons in the whole country.

As we all knew that Rice farming is crucial in ensuring that the country is always food sufficient. The government is looking for ways to increase the rice productivity and in order to supply healthy rice for the coming decades as the gap between the supply and demand of rice becomes wider. They are encouraging farmers to develop a sustainable rice production technique such as using organic farming. Organic rice farming is a tool to alleviate the problems of most of the farmers and also to decline the soil condition of lowland farms. This is an intervention in promoting the balanced in using of organic and inorganic combination of fertilizers to meet the target yield of a crops.

Most farmers are more dependent in using inorganic fertilizer for their crops cultivation in order to get a high quality of rice products. But without our knowing this inorganic fertilizers may affect the health of soil and may damage the soils which will results to high soil acidity. Moreover, it will results in a decline in soil organic matter and even the majority of agricultural land containing organic materials. That is why most of the farmers are in debt burden from traders who finance their production inputs because they cannot sustain the fertilizers needs for their cropping.

The Department of Agriculture advocates of Iloilo City recommended the farmers to produce or neither use organic inputs of materials that are only available in their community. They were encouraged to produce fertilizers by utilizing the waste materials in their community. As we all knew that commercial fertilizers nowadays are very expensive. And the best way is to shift into organic farming to reduce expenses.

Mrs. Nancy C. Superal, Planning Officer of Provincial Agriculture Office of Iloilo says “If we can only produce a quality and quantity of rice products by using organic farming, then why not. By that we can also lessen our expenses and at the same time can also help our soil healthy”.

What is Organic Fertilizer?

Organic fertilizers are fertilizers which are largely or entirely composed of organic materials derived from plants and or animals that have been through the engineering process, can be solid or liquid that is used to supply organic matter and improve physical properties, chemical and biological soil. Rice straw is one of the agricultural wastes that can be used as organic fertilizer sources.

Using of Rice straw in San Miguel, Iloilo

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According to Mr. Dexter Biylon, Agricultural Technologist of San Miguel iloilo, using rice straw as organic fertilizers becomes evident in their place since most of the residents in this place are practicing organic farming in their rice production. He also added that San Miguel Iloilo is generally a plain territorial area and a farming community. Most of its residents derive their income and revenues from agriculture principally through rice, vegetable and livestock production. The total land area of this place is 3,197 hectares, 1,710 are utilized for agriculture, 893 of which are serviced by the said irrigation system. Most of the people here are progressive in organic farming because of the big help of public and private organization especially the agricultural practitioners. They trained, educated and gave information to the farmers on how to cultivate crops. Organic farming such as rice straw and other organic materials was also introduced to the farmers. As an agricultural technologist he had also find out that crop productivity was decreased slightly in organic farming compared to that of conventional farming. He believed that the organic farming was more beneficial for the improvement of soil properties and the use manure and some organic materials were more effective in maintaining of crop yield and enhancement of soil properties.

Did you know that a simple rice straw waste can help increase the quality of rice production as well as can increase farmers’ income?

What is Rice Straw?

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One of the cheapest and most available organic substances is rice straw.  Rice straw is part of rice which was left over in the field. It is a long grass that dries out and turns into straw. This straw is decomposed and used as organic fertilizer. It is known as a good source of macro-nutrients. It is reach in nutrients such as potassium, nitrogen and phosphorous that helps the plants grow healthy. Rice straw can also be used alone as an alternative fertilizer for crop production but is really recommended to combined it with different organic materials to reach the amount of nutrients necessary for the yield target. This organic material such as rice straw helps improve the soil fertility and soil organic matter content and also enhances the nutrients of the soil. It also increases the shelf life and water absorption and it is safe for humans.

The Department of Agriculture through the help of Bureau of Soils and Water Management introduced a program which could help the farmers in reducing their expenses in production and at the same time can increase their income in production as well as can help in preserving the natural biodiversity of area. This is the Modified Rapid Composting Technology, another term they use in referring to the decomposition of Rice Straw using compost fungus activator or Trichoderma harzium.

Farm wastes are improperly managed and nutrient management strategies are not widely applied. Burning of rice straw is the usual practice in most farmers of San Miguel before. But they have discovered the usage of rice straw. And since nowadays, it was already regulated not to burn because it can cause severe air pollution and may also destroy most of the nitrogen, sulfur, some of the potassium and makes silicon less available. Instead of burning this waste they make use of the rice straw for fertilizer purposes.

The abundance of rice straw as an organic waste can be converted to fertilizer throughout the process of composting. Rapid rice composting is the production of on-farm composting using rice straw. The process of using rice straw as fertilizer is done by spreading 550kgs of rice straw  in the rice field and mixed it  with 350 kgs some organic materials such as animal manures like chicken dung, leaves of madre-de-cacao, ipil-ipil, and hagonoy and some other leguminous weeds and sugar or molasses which is equivalent to about 500kgs of organic fertilizers. Then, allow the water to flow into the field and soak the rice straw within 12 hours and leave the rice straw moist until decomposed. Trichoderma was also use for faster way to decompose the rice straw, biomass and some other organic wastes. It is sprayed 4 bottles for every ton of rice straw or 20 packs per hectare. Trichoderma is a fungus activator sprayed to the waste materials in order to hasten the decomposition of organic materials like rice straw. It is available in powder or granular form which contained in agar-oatmeal medium has been found to be more convenient and practical to use with similar effectiveness in hastening decomposition. It accelerates the decomposition of rice straw in just 3 to 4 weeks of decomposition compared to the normal decomposition that takes several months.

According to Mrs. Nancy C. Superal, Planning Officer of Provincial Agriculture Office of Iloilo, stated that “1 hectare is equivalent to 100 bags of commercial fertilizers while if we use organic fertilizers, it can lessen the amount of fertilizers into 10 to 20 bags as usual recommendation at the same it reduces the farmer’s expenses on buying fertilizers. Farmers can reduced its expenses for if he uses rice straw as organic fertilizer. Also by making use of organic fertilizers such as this rice straw it will return the nutrients the soil”.

The basic principle of organic farming as she stated “What you get from the soil, you will returned it also”

The advantage of using rice straw as organic fertilizer is to reduce the waste products in field and also helps neutralized the soil.

Mr. Carmelo D. Oren, Supervising Agriculturist of Iloilo also stated “We encourage every farmer to use organic farming if necessary. We have this program in every municipality introducing the use of organic farming. We brought people in every municipality to train, educate and orient them. We are trying to promote organic way or system of growing plants to be healthy”. They believed that through trainings it will have a positive and significant influence on farmers’ adoption of the technology. Training provides more knowledge and will presumably change the perception of the farmers towards new technologies and the awareness of positive effects of rice straw compost utilization or organic farming.

 

References:

Dexter Biylo, Agricultural Technologist,San MIguel,Iloilo

Carmelo D. Oren, Supervising Agriculturist of Provincial Agriculture Office,Iloilo

Nancy C. Superal,Planning Officer,Provincial Agriculture Office,Iloilo

(2011)OrganicProductionProject (OFPP),Bureau of Soils and Water Management,Elliptical Road or Visayas Avenue Diliman,Quezon City

Department ofAgriculture,Western Visayas Rice Straw Composting and Farm Waste Recycling,GMA Rice Progra,DA SoilsLaboratoryand DA-RAFID6

de Leo,DR.Organic fertilizer from rice straw made easy through CPAR. BAR chronicle ,Retrieved August 29,013from http://www.bar.gov.ph/chronicle-home/archives-list/44-april-2012-issue/111-m-lang-farmers-profit-from-cpar

(2013).Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: Iloilo City Iloilo Rice Production  – Top 3  in whole Philippines.Retrieved August 30,2013 from http://ilongo.weebly.com/agriculture.html

Mist Clonal Nursery: The Economical and Simple Cuttings Propagation Technique in Poblacion, Barotac Nuevo, Iloilo

The Philippines is very rich in natural resources. Biodiversity is one of the hallmarks of all its major ecosystems- upland, lowland, and coastal. Yet these ecosystems are surely being degraded at an alarming rate.

The total area of the forest land of our country is 5.7 million hectares. It is not yet included to the 50% of the country’s total land area. It is said that 1/4 of the total land is compose of the commercial forest which has 3,500 varieties of trees. Some of the trees that are included to nation’s forest are dipterocarps, such as yakal, apitong, tangile, mayapis and guijo. These are called Philippine Mahogany. In Visayas, 26.4% of the total land area is forest. It is seen in Leyte, Panay, and Samar.

According to Flor and Ongkiko (1998), in the past 50 years, 70% of our primary forests have been logged over. Our agricultural lands are rapidly being transformed into industrial parks and residential subdivision, this loss of arable land poses not only environmental problem but food security problem as well.

Over the years, our country has been very determined to bring back the prosperity of its forests. There are many development oriented organizations that influence responsible forest conservation and management. One of these is the Clonal Nursery of the National Greening Program of Department of Environment and Natural Resources.

A mist clonal nursery in Poblacion, Barotac Nuevo, Iloilo with chamber elevated bed that can accommodate an approximately 1, 800 seedlings for propagation. A sprinkled water technology is place on on the top to maximize the area for watering.

A mist clonal nursery in Poblacion, Barotac Nuevo, Iloilo with chamber elevated bed that can accommodate an approximately 1, 800 seedlings for propagation. A sprinkled water technology is place on on the top to maximize the area for watering.


Clonal Nursery
is a propagation technique which produces high-quality planting materials of dipterocarps and other species that have problems with natural regeneration. It is also considered as more economical and simple rather than the conventional way of planting. In addition, it has been proven the most effective practical propagation technique for the root cuttings of most Philippine dipterocarps in absence of seeds. Production of cloned seedlings can be done anytime of the year and can produce any volume of seedlings. And clonal seedlings are used in order to help meet the growing wood and forest-based needs of the country.

Department of Environment and Natural Resources (2013) implemented Clonal Nursery in order to produce quality planting materials for reforestation and for their greening programs, to have available seedlings for distribution, establish and maintain a hedge garden for continuous source of quality planting materials, to produce sprouted cuttings from various indigenous, exotic and flowering tree species and conduct built-in researches with respect to the propagation aspect of growing various indigenous, exotic and flowering tree species.

The trial and error Non-mist Clonal technique of the Barotac Nuevo, Iloilo Clonal Nursery. Cuttings are place in a hiko tray and covered with plastic wherein they produce moist for their own growth.

The trial and error Non-mist Clonal technique of the Barotac Nuevo, Iloilo Clonal Nursery. Cuttings are place in a hiko tray and covered with plastic wherein they produce moist for their own growth.

Clonal Technology are in two types, first is the Mist Clonal Nursery wherein the cuttings are put in a elevated bed in a chamber bed provided by water from a sprinkled technology. And the other one is the Non-mist Clonal Nursery wherein the cuttings grow from their own moist. Therefore, they are not watered since they are put in a hiko tray and covered with a plastic.

The 0.5 hectare Regional Clonal Nursery of DENR situated in Pobalcion, Barotac Nuevo, Iloilo which operated in 2012.

The 0.5 hectare Regional Clonal Nursery of DENR situated in Pobalcion, Barotac Nuevo, Iloilo which operated in 2012.

One of the youngest Clonal Nursery in Region VI is found in Barotac Nuevo, Iloilo. They have a 0.5 hectare Non-mist Clonal Nursery with 5 long chamber beds wherein each bed could accommodate 1, 850 seedlings. But there are still beds which are under construction. They have operated since 2012 and had cloned 2, 357 Deptirocarps and Indigenous tree species.

One of the two chamber beds which are under construction in Barotac Nuevo's Mist Clonal Nursery.

One of the two chamber beds which are under construction in Barotac Nuevo’s Mist Clonal Nursery.

According to Arlene Joy Encanto, Forest Technician of the DENR-Barotac Nuevo Clonal Nursery emphasized using Clonal Technology is more advantageous than the conventional way of planting. Seedlings raised in clonal nurseries are of better quality because they are derived from select, quality mother trees. For instance, the deptirocarps species which is a slow growing type of tree when planted conventionally could last for almost 17 years while when it is put in a Clonal Nursery it can grow for only 4-6 months and 4-3 months for the Indigenous tree species.

These are the species which are currently cloned at the Barotac Nuevo's Clonal Nursery.

These are the species which are currently cloned at the Barotac Nuevo’s Clonal Nursery.

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Encanto also added that using the Mist Clonal Nursery they have been able to cloned the following species: Saplungan, 63; White Lauan, 13; Narra, 45; Tuai, 1,670; Bagalunga, 561; Almaciga, 5. And those seedlings are still in the Regional Cloning Garden for they are being prepared for the transplanting in the respective National Greening Project (NGP) Sites of DENR-VI probably this year. NGP sites are those degraded forest land who are greatly in need to be reforest and that include Lambunao, San Joaquin, Miag-ao and Barotac Viejo in the province of Iloilo.

They have also tried to use Non-mist Clonal Nursery for experimentation, research and trial and error purposes. At present they have stop the operation of this Non-mist Clonal Nursery and focuses to Mist.

DENR defines Deptirocarps as a group of forest tree species known for their large-sized timber and superior wood quality. Because of these characteristics, deptirocarps are the most economically-important group of timber species.

The Saplungan Dipterocarps species planted at the Hedge Garden of the Clonal Nursery wherein after a year, its cuttings are to be cloned.

The Saplungan Dipterocarps species planted at the Hedge Garden of the Clonal Nursery wherein after a year, its cuttings are to be cloned.

Since dipterocarps are indigenous in the Philippines, only a few species of insects and diseases are identified to affect them. Thus, enrichment planting of these species in inadequately-stocked residual forests is highly recommended to restore and maintain stability in the forest ecosystem. That is why most Clonal Nurseries prefer to clone this kind of forest tree.

In general, the following deptirocarps species are commonly used for cloning here in the Region: Guijo, Gisok-gisok, Palosapis, Dagang, White Lauan, Dalingding, Mayapis, Saplungan, Bagtikan, Tanguile, Apitong, Almon, and Hagkhak.

DENR-Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau, 2003 identified the following processes in order to achieve the production of mist and non-mist clonal planting materials for dipterocarps and indigenous tree species:

(1) Select mother trees from Seed Production Areas (SPAs), plantations or virgin forests.

(2) Collect Vegetative materials, seeds or wildlings.

(3) Raise stock plants.

(4) Establish a hedge garden or a clonal multiplication area.

(5) Collect young shoots and place them in a transparent plastic bag with a small amount of water.

(6) In the nursery, place them in a pail with water and trim-off their leaves.

(7) Cut them into two-nodal cuttings.

(8) Sterilize them by soaking in fungicide solution for 30-60 minutes.

(9) Scrape the basal portion of the cutting.

(10) Immediately treat them with rooting hormone using the recommended concentration.

(11) For the Clonal Non-mist, plant the treated cuttings in a hiko tray and for the Clonal Mist use an elevated bed with sterilized rooting medium.

(12) Place the tray inside the non-mist propagation chamber and keep air-tight for 2-4 months, since mist are put in an elevated bed, technically they are place already in the mist chamber.

(13) Once rooted, harvest them and dip into water to gently remove the soil from the roots.

These are cuttings that had undergone the cloning process, proven having roots and the nodal cuttings had grown new leaves.

These are cuttings that had undergone the cloning process, proven having roots and the nodal cuttings had grown new leaves.

(14) Plant each in a plastic pot with a mixture of garden soil and river sand.

Rooted Cuttings are then planted in the plastic pot.

Rooted Cuttings are then planted in the plastic pot.

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(15) Put them back in the enclosed chamber for a week of recovery and gradually open in the succeeding three weeks.

(16) Transfer them inside the hardening area for 4-8 months.

(17) Out plant as enrichment crops in critical watersheds and inadequately stocked second-growth forests.

(18) Establish a clonal bank for clonal test.

Since Barotac Nuevo is using Mist Clonal Nursery, they also depend on what time they would water the plants. For example, when the weather is hot, they watered the seedlings every 4 hours and every 6 hours when it is raining. They also see to it that the Clonal Nursery inside should have 27 Degree Celsius.

Coconut Coir Dust, first soil medium  used in planting for the Mist Clonal Nursery

Coconut Coir Dust, first soil medium used in planting for the Mist Clonal Nursery

Coco Coir Dust is mixed with another 50% River sand.

Coco Coir Dust is mixed with another 50% River sand.

In addition, Encanto added that in planting seedlings to their Clonal Nursery, they use two Soil Mediums. It must be 50% Coco coir dust mixed with 50% Fine river sand.

They also get their mother seedlings from Seed Production Area (SPAs) that can be found at the forests of Negros Occidental and Leon, Iloilo which is also owned by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources-VI.

Encanto also explains that after they have get their mother seedlings to respective Seed Production Area (SPAs) , then it is transplanted to the Hedge Garden which is commonly found near the Clonal Nursery. Then after a year, they get the cuttings from the Hedge Garden which will be prepared for the cloning process at the Non-Mist Clonal Nursery. After months of cloning, they are then transferred to the Recovery Bed and again after a year, it is still put to the Rearing Shed wherein the cloned seedlings are need to be exposed in the sunlight in order for them to measure their survival before planting it to the National Greening Project Sites.

After the cloning process, the cuttings are then transferred to the Recovery Bed for a year.

After the cloning process, the cuttings are then transferred to the Recovery Bed for a year.

From the Recovery Bed, cuttings are then put to the Rearing Shed wherein they need to  get sunlight in order for the seedlings to be ready when they are already planted at the NGP Sites.

From the Recovery Bed, cuttings are then put to the Rearing Shed wherein they need to get sunlight in order for the seedlings to be ready when they are already planted at the NGP Sites.

Aside from the Clonal Nursery in the Barotac Neuvo, Iloilo, there are also currently two clonal nurseries situated in the provinces of Brgy. Jawili,Tangalan, Aklan which is a Non-mist Clonal Nursery and operated in the year 2010 and; Brgy. Alangilan, Bacolod City in Negros Occidental is also a Non-mist Clonal Nursery who has the longest operation since June 2002.

DENR has also proposed this Clonal Technology to some State Universities in the Region which includes the Aklan State University-College of Forestry and West Visayas State University-College of Agriculture and Forestry, Lambunao Campus to raise quality native seedlings to augment the need for the National Greening Program (NGP).

Barotac Nuevo’s Clonal Nursery is aiming to successfully clone hundreds of thousands of seedlings in order to attain the country’s advocacy for sustainable forest management.

References:

Department of Environment and Natural Resources-Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau. (2003). Non-mist Clonal Multiplication of Dipterocarps. College 4031, Laguna, Philippines.

Department of Environment and Natural Resources. Office of the Regional Clonal Nursery. Poblacion, Barotac Nuevo, Iloilo.

Flor, Alexander G., and Ongkiko, Ila Virginia. (1998). Introduction to Development Communication. UP Open University: Quezon, City.

KABSAKA: A Mutiple Cropping Method in Sta.Barbara, Iloilo

          One of the important drivers of the economy in the Philippines is agriculture due to the fact that more than one-third of the country’s nearly 90 million people depend on agriculture and fishing for a living.

In developing countries, farmers often cannot afford seed to plant the crops that would provide for their families. Craftsmen lack the means to pay for the tools to ply their trade and others have no land, water and education to lay the foundations for a secure future. The poverty-stricken do not have enough money to buy or produce enough food for themselves and their families. Hence, they tend to be weaker and cannot produce enough to buy more food. Indeed, the poor are hungry and their hunger traps them in poverty.

           Agriculture provides food because of the best suited soil for root crops, such as; rice, corn, potatoes, mangoes, pineapples, coconuts, bananas and etc., in the Philippines. In fact, the nation is one of the largest importers of rice in the world, leaving it particularly vulnerable to high and volatile rice price. Traditional agricultural practices with small landholdings have limited the productions and earnings capacities of farms due to the scarcity of agricultural areas, high cost of irrigation and most especially, food shortage in different areas in Western Visayas. Hence, agriculturists looked for other agricultural interventions toward the issue to be rectified. Thus, a promising alternative solution of this issue is multiple cropping method on rain fed lowland farms.

Multiple cropping is the intensification of land use by increasing the numbers of crops grown on the same piece of land through efficient and timely utilization of farm resources, such as; a.) fertilizers, b.) chemicals, c.) new methods/technologies in farming and d.) farm household labor. The idea of multiple cropping is to increase farming productivity, farming profitability, and farming income through KABSAKA (Kabusugan sa Kaumahan) technology that was initiated by the National Food and Agricultural Council (NFAC) in 1971. Expanding the utility of KABSAKA is to include the latest advances in rice production technology.  Also, to showcase a double rice crop and an upland crop in a year for a rain fed environment.

mail.google.com.jpeg4 In 1974, the Bureau of Agricultural Extension (BAEx) in collaboration with the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) and the Philippines Council for Agricultural and Resources Research (PCCAR) stated a series of pilot test sites in Sta. Barbara, Iloilo, with the goal of establishing a pattern of multiple cropping method in rice areas which depend on rain for water requirements. The pattern was found satisfactory in terms of productivity levels in rice production with a rice-upland or vegetables pattern. Furthermore, the fist rice crop was dry-seeded before the onset of the monsoon season in late April or early May, the second crop was a wet-seeded rice in early September, and the third crop was an upland crop of vegetables (preferably mongo beans, eggplant, tomato, or watermelon) for planting in December or January when the soil exhibits a sufficient amount of moisture to warrant crop growth. The third crop was something that had not been practices before. Hence, farmers were able to gain extra income and food supply for their families.

In November 1976, the Iloilo Pilot Extension Project, created a code-named KABSAKA (Kabusugan sa Kaumahan, it means “bounty on the farm”) was started in Sta. Barbara, particularly in Brgy. Calaboa este. They were able to come up with a certain organization with a fifty initial members covering 89 hectares through the auspices of IRRI and PCARR. These people undergone training at the University of the Philippines at Los Baños and IRRI.

August 28, 2013, we went to Sta. Barbara to visit the first place in Iloilo that experienced and still continuing the multiple cropping method in farming. Sta. Barbara is located in the centermost part of Iloilo and it is 12-kilometer or 20 minutes drive north from the city of Iloilo. It is accessible by both land and rail transportation. This place has a thick soil, fertile and suitable for raising newly kinds of agricultural products. There are no commercial forests, brush lands, open land, marsh or swamps within the municipality and ninety-five percent of the town’s land is cultivated. Sta. Barbara has consistently maintained its position as the main food-producing center in the province and ranked first in vegetable production.

According to Mrs. Waling Waling Terania, head of the Municipality of Agriculture said, that Sta.Barbara has an abundant agricultural areas and that is why the place was chosen to be a pilot site for multiple cropping in Western Visayas. Particularly, in Brgy. Tigtigan and Caloboa este started the multiple cropping and it is a World Bank funded, eventually it was spread to other 7 barangays in Sta. Barbara. The main reason for having this technology is to alleviate poverty and to improve farming method.

mail.google.com.jpeg1She also reiterated that the population is increasing but the agricultural areas and productivity are decreasing, thus they embrace the new method of farming which is multiple cropping. Multiple cropping is a farming method where by farmers will plant different crops on the same piece of land before the onset of rainy season. She mentioned that early planting would provide early production because they could harvest their crops earlier than the other farmers.  A lot of different crops are being planted on the same piece of land that based on the location to make sure that the crops are suitable to the soil. In that way, farmers would be able to sell their agricultural products in a higher amount because of early production.

Mrs. Terania and the current members of KABSAKA are conducting seminars/ training and disseminate salient information about the multiple cropping through printed and broadcast materials. They always update the farmers in Sta. Barbara so that they would improve their farming method, especially to those who are not yet in farming industry because they could really find a livelihood from these different strategies in farming. In rural areas, productive agricultural areas are limited because people depend on the food grown by farmers; it means that if a framer cannot plant more crops; is equivalent to less food and people will go hungry.

mail.google.com.jpeg2           Indeed, role of education in farming is important to have the latest information on how to grow food efficiently and economically. It is important to be knowledgeable of the new techniques and technologies because change is constant in this world. The traditional agricultural practices may diminish as we approaching the modern agricultural world. They are proud of the multiple cropping method due to the fact that it could easily combat food shortage and unemployment since all people in all walks of life are welcome to be a part of KABSAKA farmers.

As she said, “ang mga tawo gabata apang ang mga tanum kag talamnan wala gid kong indi paghatagan sang pagtamod”, from this statement they wanted to awaken the minds of the people, especially in rural areas that Iloilo has an abundant natural resources that we need to utilize and maximize through articulating new strategies or methods to develop and share it with other people. A progressive agricultural society could support other sectors of the economy like manufacturing, trade and services by supplying the needed raw materials, hence when a country aim of industrialization, it needs to widen and improve its agricultural production– one of the goals of multiple cropping.

But expanding production alone is not enough to develop the agricultural society, because we have to remember that country’s population should be considered and their services. Through this, it would be more vibrant exchange between productive society that would take place and progress in both urban and rural areas. This discussion was ended with a genuine smile from the head of the Municipality of Agriculture in Sta. Barbara because they were able to contribute an idea that was turned into a reality through KABSAKA: A Multiple Cropping Method, this is a big change in farming industry. With this method, KABSAKA farmers have to make use of multiple propounded by the technicians that brings a positive changes in farm input usage, cropping pattern and intensity in production and productivity levels which would bring farm income growth.

Many of today’s developed economies first strove to strengthen their agricultural sectors. Agriculture has an important role in the overall objective and effort to rectify economic issues. The different agricultural ideas are resulted in significant advancements in the people’s knowledge and understanding the essence of environment. Alongside efforts to expand production, it is necessary to improve people’s condition in order to strengthen their capacity as consumers and producers because in making decisions with regard to the benefit, both parties are important to be more productive in economic perspective.

People would be able to develop other capabilities to further improve their lives and eventually resulted to the invention of different farming strategies and tools that could help to do their task efficiently and effectively. Indeed, it is always say that agriculture is the basis for the development of the country.

References:

Farming Benefits. Retrieved August 31,2013 from http://www.fao.org/isfp/country-information/philippines/en/

Importance of Agriculture.Retrieved August 31,2013 from http://pulse101.hubpages.com/hub/The-Importance-of-Agriculture-to-the-Philippine-Economy

Valenciano, Alexander Q.; An Impact Assessment Report On Multiple-Cropping    Project (KABSAKA) Sta. Barbara, Iloilo

“Best Practices of Organic Farming and Production of Black Rice in Oton, Iloilo”

Other people see that farming is dealing with dirt, but to a farmer, it is dealing with life. But how really important farming is? If it is, how can we manage and be productive on farming when our world is now contaminated with different unwanted effects of destruction. Despite of this some people and expert seek solution for this problem. Soil biology scientists began in the late 1800s and early 1900’s to develop theories on how new advancements in biological science could be used in agriculture as a way to remedy these side effects, while still maintaining higher production. In Central Europe Rudolf Steiner, whose Lectures on Agriculture were published in 1925. Created biodynamic agriculture, an early version of what we now call organic agriculture. The system was based on Steiner’s philosophy of anthroposophy rather than on a solid grasp of science. This case, Organic Farming was discovered.

Organic farming is a form of agriculture that relies on techniques such as crop rotation, green manure, compost and biological pest control. Organic farming uses fertilizers and pesticides but excludes or strictly limits the use of manufactured (synthetic) fertilizers, pesticides (which includeherbicides, insecticides and fungicides), plant growth regulators such as hormones, livestock antibiotics, food additives, genetically modified organisms,[1] human sewage sludge, and nanomaterials. Organic farming has been in practice for quite some time and many countries have now realized the positive effects of this. Organic farming has some definite plus points from whichever angle it is considered. As the population is increasing day by day and farmlands are giving way to real estate lands, it is imperative that people turn to organic farming more to satisfy the food demand. Considering from the consumer’s point of view, organic products are rich in nutrition content. As the soils where they are grown are free from the harmful effects of artificial fertilizers, the food is healthy and tasty. The main USP of organic products is that they are free from the negative effects of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. We have been fed with chemically grown foods for all of our lives and hence face so many diseases. Other than diseases, children also face problems in eyesight, hair fall and chronic stomach problems. Since organic crops are grown with manuring and through crop rotation, they thus do not require that much of an investment. As chemical free foods they are more resistant to rotting and formation of moulds. The result is that these can remain fresh over longer periods. Being grown organically, these are resistant to pests and so there is no loss of products. As the crops or vegetables are not provided with any sort of chemical fertilizer, they are thus tolerant to the thirst for water and can resist droughts. This means that they can be grown in parts where there is low rainfall. Conventionally grown crops are not that much resistant to water demands. Due to no usage of artificial fertilizers and pesticides, organic crops do not contribute to toxic emissions in water, soil and the atmosphere. It thus reduces pollution and helps Mother Earth. Due to prolonged usage of artificial chemicals the fertility of the soil in the long term decreases to a great extent. In organic farming, however there is absolutely no use of artificial substances and so the productivity of the soil increases. As a result, organic farming is beneficial to the environment.

Organic farming encourages farmers as it is cheaper and is also profitable to maintain.

Organic farming promotes bio-diversity as it helps thriving of beneficial animals and insects. It also helps in maintenance of a natural balance.

The International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movement (IFOAM) defines organic farming as a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects. Organic agriculture combines tradition, innovation and science to benefit the shared environment and promote fair relationships and a good quality of life for all involved.Some of the agriculturist and scientist believe that organic farming is essential to our health, it gives lot of benefits to those people who eat products (vegetables, fruits or healing plants) of organic farming. Consumption of organic food helps lessen malnutrition. This may help as an answer to the first millennium development goals, eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. Another advantage of organic farm is, it is profitable and farmers prefer this because they achieve higher income with using this.

The Municipality of Oton in Iloilo is one of the towns that apply Organic farming. One of the elementary school, Tagbak Elementary School here in Oton frequently used organic farming. Year 2005 they started this project for the purpose of helping students especially those malnourished to become a productive, active and to improve their academic and non-academic skills. The garden farm is now filled with different kind of healing and unrefined plants. The elementary school was documented internationally, since they applied and implemented the organic farming. Private and public organizations give them a visit, even different schools and universities to make a research about them and organic farming.

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A field of black rice which is ready for cropping in a few more months

Presently, the Municipality of Oton (a first class municipality in the province of Iloilo) is implementing an ordinance (2011-231) that promotes Organic Farming that also helps them to produce black rice which makes the town known. They persuade the people to gather raw materials and biodegradable waste to produce organic fertilizer and production of black rice. The interest of the Department of Agriculture Region 6 has been caught by this implementation. It is really sustainable to the development, and to meet our demand, black rice is the main product of the farmers by using an organic farming. On the record, there were 7 farmers together with their municipal mayor, Vincent Flores. This was on the record of the municipal agriculture officer, Celsa Suarez.Image

‘Black Rice’ is actually more purplish in color than black; although when uncooked it is very dark in appearance. This type of rice is usually sold ‘un-milled’, with the husk intact. Up until modern times, Black Rice was not easy to come by; it had been highly treasured and protected in Asia for many centuries. It is also commonly used as a condiment, dressing, or as a decoration for different types of desserts in many countries around the world. High in nutritional value, black rice is rich in iron and high in fiber.

According to a study presented at 240th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society (ACS), one spoonful black rice bran contains more anthocyanin antioxidants than a spoonful of blueberries and better yet, black rice offers more fiber and vitamin E antioxidants, and less sugar.

In the process, sooner or later, they will export the black rice and promote that this kind of rice is essentials and has lot of nutrients to intake as it is grown organic and without agrochemicals. This organic rice was called as the obama rice or forbidden rice according to history of this, but here in the Philippines, this is really nutritional kind of rice, there are different color of rice, which are the pink rice, violet rice, red rice, brown rice, etc. as the municipal of Oton produce the black rice, they sold it in their super market for forty five (P45) pesos per kilo, however it is sold as sixty (P60) to one hundred twenty (P120) pesos per kilo in other places or special stores. Image

Image    According to the one of the resident there in barangay Tagbac, Sur,( one of the barangays in municipality of Oton that produces a black rice a lot and where the elementary school located that has been visited for their organic farming), they already have cropping of black rice, however some of the land owner will have the cropping this coming August 31, 2013. During a walk to look for a rice fields, we have seen a building with a name outside of it as, Organic Warehouse. The Black rice is rarely seen in the market and some of the farmers who produce black rice are likely consume their product for their family.

Today, black rice is now promoted for its value and benefits, and also its advantage to the other variety of rice, even to the common rice we eat.

Go Organic! Philippines led by PRRM and the La Liga Policy Institute (LLPI) is currently taking the lead in implementing the OFSP. OFSP, which promotes organic farming in the Philippines is a partnership project with the Department of Agriculture (DA) and the Bureau of Soils and Water Management (BSWM).

When black rice is used in desserts, it is sometimes cooked with a mixture of coconut milk, sugar, and water to form sweet, sticky and pudding-like rice in many Asian countries.

In the Bicol Region, specifically in the province of Albay, colored rice is used to cook traditional Filipino food or snacks such as puto, puto bungbong, bibingka, suman, and kalamay.

References:

Retrieved August 23, 2011 from http://www.iloilometropolitantimes.com/organic-farming/

Retrieved August 23, 2011 from http://www.iloilometropolitantimes.com/oton-farmers-boost-production-of-black-rice/

Retrieved August 23, 2011 from http://organic-foods-and-shops.blogspot.com

Not A Laughing Matter: Though Tawa-Tawa Can Help, It Is Not Yet Scientifically Proven!

By: Jeacoh Pineda Durban

Tawa-tawa: Not a Laughing Matter, After All

Euphorbia hirta or locally known in the Philippines as “Tawa-Tawa”  or “Gatas-gatas” is an herb covered  with very tiny hairs and has small round-shaped flowers  which grows most of the time,  in the street sides and pathways.  This aboriginal plant is considered as an herbal medicine in some places in the country as it is helpful in eradicating illness such as Dengue according to people living particularly in provinces where the growth of such herb is abundant. As to these people, boiling up the herb to tea can help a Dengue patient recover from severe bleeding and eventually puts his immune system back  in a  normal condition.

In particular, Tawa-tawa is merely accessible to rural areas where confinement of a Dengue victim seems unfeasible to be done in hospitals. One reason is that, some rural areas are situated far from the central society where as a first aid and probably for a long-term medication which is less expensive and no hassles in preparation of the medicinal tea,  Tawa-tawa could be a great a help.

It is clearly a verity that since then until now, thousands of families who have at least one victim of Dengue chooses to settle for a cheaper cost of finding cure for their infected family member. One finds bunches of Tawa-tawa from the neighbor and then experimentally prepares the plant for the patient’s consumption. Ironically speaking, people tend to do the procedures themselves without even consulting the nearest hospitals or registered local doctors in the community. In a psychological context, because a family is financially disputed, they find the use of Tawa-tawa as an immediate source of alternative medicine. This situation usually occurs in many cases of Dengue in the Philippines.

Euphorbia Hirta. Taken from Janiuay, Iloilo.

Euphorbia Hirta. Taken from Janiuay, Iloilo.

Usually grows in the street sides and pathways.

Usually grows in the street sides and pathways.

Dengue: Something to Ponder

On the other hand, the World Health Organization tagged dengue as a “pandemic threat” infecting an estimated 50 million people around the world. In the Philippines, dengue has been on and off the list of the top 10 leading cause of death among Filipinos since 1991. Duenge as commonly defined to be a viral disease brought by mosquito’s bites containing genus Flavivirus is increasing in number of cases in the country since Philippines is a tropical state. The disease is oftentimes characterized by headache, high fever, rash, and rigorous muscle and joint pain. In scientific explanations, once a victim is infected with Duenge, the disease may develop into a critical dengue hemorrhagic fever that may result in bleeding, low levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage, or into dengue shock syndrome, where precariously low blood pressure occurs.

One of the best examples of the increased number of Dengue cases in the country can be found in the province of Iloilo. Cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever alone in Iloilo prvine rose to 1,805 from the period January 1 to June 29 this year. In an interview with the Philippine News Agency last July, 2013, Dr. Ma. Socorro Quinon, assistant provincial health officer of the Iloilo Provincial Health Office, said that Dengue’s death toll stood at 10 with the death of three children recently. Quinon said that all of Iloilo’s 42 towns and one constituent city have cases of dengue which includes the top 10 municipalities with high prevalence of dengue cases that are Janiuay, Cabatuan, Maasin, San Miguel, Banate, Badiangan, Oton, Calinog, Lambunao and the component city of Passi.

The municipality of Janiuay comprised  the highest number of Dengue cases in the province of Iloilo.

The municipality of Janiuay comprised the highest number of Dengue cases in the province of Iloilo.

In a visit in the Janiuay Rural Health Unit, they conferred that among other Iloilo towns, Janiuay has the highest cases of dengue recorded at 275 with one death this year. The reason is that the town is particularly into farming and that in rainy seasons, the spread of Dengue carrying mosquito’s such as genus Aedes, predominantly A. aegypti increases. Janiuay, in terms of geographical structures, comprises communities or barangays far from the nearby hospital in the town.

Going back to the use of Tawa-tawa, this is an example in which some Janiuaynons who are situated in far-flung areas would rather prefer the use of  such herb because it can be found  anywhere even though one would just meander in the backyard.

Though helpful, medical assistance is first encouraged by the DOH if one has Dengue.

Though helpful, medical assistance is first encouraged by the DOH if one has Dengue.

What the higher health departments say?

In a national interview of GMA News last February, Dr. Lyndon Lee Suy, DOH manager for the Dengue Control and Prevention Program said that they are not stopping people from using Tawa-tawa because it was evaluated to have no toxic substance or any chemical in it. Drinking Tawa-tawa juice is fluid replacement, which is basically the thrust for dengue.

In 2012, the Department of Science and Technology’s Philippine Council for Health Research and Development was doing a study on dynamic ingredients of Tawa-tawa which were reportedly being used by some people as to cure dengue. The plant reportedly contains anti-viral, anti-inflammatory properties and has the ability to increase blood platelets. However, the use of such herb is not yet scientifically proven and that people are encouraged to seek first medical assistance before experimenting with the plant. They might give the wrong amount of dosage that would riskily lead to the utilization of large doses as it may cause gastrointestinal irritation, nausea, and vomiting. One must know that excessive and long-drawn-out intake of Tawa-tawa may impede iron absorption. It can also potentially worsen the condition of dengue patients as it could induce peeing, which could lead to further dehydration.

The Department of Health itself, gave a statement last September, 2010 via Dr. Eric Tayag of the DOH’s National Epidemiology Center that, “This is not the right time to experiment on Tawa-tawa. We need a controlled environment to observe the benefits of Tawa-tawa among patients,” he said. “We don’t want mothers to concoct any formulation to any patients who may suspect to have dengue because we have the standards for treatment at home and they can easily go to hospitals for expert advice,” Dr. Tayag added.

In an ambush interview of The Philippine Star in last June, 2013, Health Secretary Enrique Ona said they do not endorse Tawa-tawa but at the same time they are not prohibiting it. According to him, “We cannot promote Tawa-tawa because if we do that, we must have proof that it is really medically effective and, at the same time, safe and there must be a study on that before we can be able to endorse it”.

What is the DevCom’s Role To This?

In Development Communication Science, it is very important that people should be able to get access with right information of the use of medicinal plants or newly-discovered species  of plants that may able to help contribute in the innovation of the various medical fields.

Tawa-tawa is not a new discovery since it was already used by people way back long time ago, but the thought here is that between discovery and invention, people must know that not all the times, one must invent or experiment medicinal inventions and try it without medical assistance from the experts who are into chemistry, biology and other related fields of Science. Indeed, Tawa-tawa could help lessen the state of suffering of a patient but it can never put the number of Dengue cases in the country to a decreased number unless it is already prescribed by the doctors that it is scientifically proven and  is safe for any ages who are infected with the such perilous disease.

As ordinary citizens in the community, everyone is encouraged to get back in the precautionary measures that is to prevent thrive of Dengue carrying-mosquitoes which can cause an alarming rate of Dengue cases in the population.                Here are some tips to prevent the breeding of mosquitoes in your place:

  • Dispose properly of any unused tires. It can be a breeding ground for thousands of mosquitoes.
  • Clear roof trough of debris. Mosquitoes oftentimes breed in wet, moist areas of the house.
  • Regularly change water from home ornaments which are container-like such as flower vases and figurines.
  • Check and empty children’s toys.
  • Repair faucets that leak.
  • Change the water in mini ponds at least once a week.
  • Apply mosquito repellent every night, if possible.
  • Clean regularly stagnant water in aquariums.
  • Empty water collected in tarps around the yard or on woodpiles.
  • Eat healthy foods to gain a better immune system.
  • Empty containers such as trash can lids, barrels, and buckets, etc. even if they contain small amount of water for Mosquitoes can still manage to breed on it.

Before Dengue strikes and people become desperately in need of any alternative use to heal Duenge such as Tawa-tawa, it is best that everybody must practice these things not only to prevent the spread of mosquitoes but also to avoid from Duenge.

 

REFERENCES AND SOURCES:

Janiuay Rural Health Unit, Janiuay, Iloilo

More than 1,800 dengue cases recorded in Iloilo, July 5, 2013. Philippine News Agency. Retrieved August 30, 2013 from http://www.interaksyon.com/article/65623/more-than-1800-dengue-cases-recorded-in-iloilo.

Sisante J., 2013. GMANews.TV: DOH: Don’t experiment with ‘tawa-tawa’ as dengue cure. Retrieved August 30, 2013 from http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/200931/news/nation/doh-don-t-experiment-with-tawa-tawa-as-dengue-cure.

Dinglasan R., 2013. GMA NEWS: Tawa-tawa not proven dengue cure, but can be taken on the ‘side’ – DOH. Retrieved August 30, 2013 from http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/296980/lifestyle/wellness/tawa-tawa-not-proven-dengue-cure-but-can-be-taken-on-the-side-doh

Philippine Star: DOH not promoting tawa-tawa use in dengue treatment, June 2013. Retrieved August 30, 2013 from http://www.pchrd.dost.gov.ph/index.php/2012-05-23-07-46-36/2012-05-24-00-03-06/5961-doh-not-promoting-tawa-tawa-use-in-dengue-treatment