The Use of Recyclable Thermoset to cut landfill Waste

The Use of Recyclable Thermoset to cut landfill Waste

Philippines are a flood prone country, and one of the reasons is lots and lots of plastics in the garbage. We are a populated country so the higher the population the higher the demand of needs.

Plastics are non-biodegradable. It took thousands of years before it completely destroyed and broken down into very small parts by natural processes, bacteria, etc. Plastics are usually the reasons of floods because it clogs the drainage that stops the water flowing in the canal that can cause a flood. Due to the durability of the plastics it is now the vital part of our modern world, every move we make we are using it, like for example we are using plastics in the grocery store because paper bag alone cannot carry out the heaviness of our groceries; our garbage bag itself is a plastic, mobile phones and circuit boards to the aerospace industry.

By Bernard Meyerson

Plastics are divided into thermoplastics and thermoset plastics.  Thermoplastics are generally recyclable, so it can be heated and reshaped many times, it can be seen everywhere. This one is thin and soft plastics like our plastic cups, plastic bottles, etc. So even at home, we can make our own shape of thermo plastics through heating it and form of what shape we want. However thermoset plastics can only heated and shaped once, after which molecular changes mean they are cured, retaining their shape and strength even when subject to intense heat and pressure, so these kind of plastic is hard and it capable to lasts longer like thousands of years. We can commonly use this as drawer, plates, comb and other basic equipment’s inside the house.

 

In 2014, publication of a landmark paper in Science announcing discovery of new classes of the thermosetting polymers that are recyclable which is the Poly (hexahydrotriazine)s, or PHT’s. It dissolved in the strong acid and breaking apart the polymer chains into component monomers that can then be reassembled into new products.

Like unrecyclable thermosets, this is also rigid, easily melt and tough, with the same potential applications as their unrecyclable forerunners. This innovation – if widely deployed – can speed up the move of circular economy, and with a big reduction of plastics landfill wastes even though no recycling is 100 percent efficient.

In order for us to reduce landfill wastes we can recycle our used materials. Plastic bottle is one of the examples. After drinking we can use it as a vase in our home through decorating it and make it more attractive, we can also use it as a pot for our plant, etc.

Garbage is everywhere and we can use them if we are using our creativity in recycling. Since plastic is biodegradable and lasts longer than our lives we can use them in daily living not just to reduce wastes but also to make our environment clean.

.

 

Sources:

https://agenda.weforum.org/2015/03/emerging-tech-2015-a-new-kind-of-plastic-to-cut-landfill-waste/

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/top-10-emerging-technologies-of-20151/?page=1

http://smartcitiescouncil.com/article/wef-experts-reveal-years-top-10-emerging-technologies

http://eagleenvironmental.us/new-technologies/recyclable-thermoset-plastics/

 

Advertisements

PALAYAMANAN: Organic Farming in Agpangan, Cabilauan, New Lucena

One of the people wanted and prayed is to have a good and healthy lifestyle but how could we ever attain this if most of or food are synthetic or came from unnatural one. Our government had an ordinance which is the R.A NO. 10068.

Republic act no. 10068 is known as “AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND PROMOTION OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE IN THE PHILIPPINES AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES”. It is hereby declared the policy of the State to promote, propagate, develop further and implement the practice of organic agriculture in the Philippines that will cumulatively condition and enrich the fertility of the soil, increase farm productivity, reduce pollution and destruction of the environment, prevent the depletion of natural resources, further protect the health of farmers, consumers, and the general public, and save on imported farm inputs. Towards this end, a comprehensive program for the promotion of community-based organic agriculture systems which include, among others, farmer-produced purely organic fertilizers such as compost, pesticides and other farm inputs, together with a nationwide educational and promotional campaign for their use and processing as well as adoption of organic agriculture system as a viable alternative shall be undertaken. The State recognizes and supports the central role of the farmers, indigenous people and other stakeholders at the grassroots in this program. Then lets define Organic refers to the particular farming and processing system, described in the standards and not in the classical chemical sense. The term “organic” is synonymous in other languages to “biological” or “ecological”. It is also a labeling term that denotes products considered organic based on the Philippine National Standards for organic agriculture. Organic agriculture includes all agricultural systems that promote the ecologically sound, socially acceptable, economically viable and technically feasible production of food and fibers. In addition, organic agricultural dramatically reduces external inputs by refraining from the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides and pharmaceuticals. It also covers areas such as, but not limited to, soil fertility management, varietal breeding and selection under chemical and pesticide-free conditions, the use of biotechnology and other cultural practices that are consistent with the principles and policies of this Act, and enhance productivity without destroying the soil and harming farmers, consumers and the environment as defined by the International Federation of Organic Agricultural Movement (IFOAM): Provided, That the biotechnology herein to shall not include genetically modified organisms of GMOs.Our government mandated the Department of Agriculture to give more amounts in supporting the organic farming. It has been proven that organic farming could help in achieving a sustainable lifestyle and it also environment friendly. Organic farming has been practiced by many and it needs a lot of effort to make it more successful.
Organic production system is a system designed to:
(1) Enhance biological diversity within the whole system;
(2) Increase soil biological activity;
(3) Maintain long-term soil fertility;
(4) Recycle wastes of plant and animal origin in order to return nutrients to the land, thus minimizing the use of nonrenewable resources;
(5) Rely on renewable resources in locally organized agricultural system;
(6) Promote the healthy use of soil, water and air as well as minimize all forms of pollution thereto that may result from agricultural practices;
(7) Develop and promote the use of biotechnology in agriculture;
(8) Handle agricultural products with emphasis on careful processing methods in order to maintain the organic integrity and vital qualities of the product at all stages; and
(9) Become established on any existing farm through a period of convention, the appropriate length of which is determined by site-specific factors such as the history of the land, and type of crops and livestock to be produced.
Agpangan, Cabilauan, New Lucena has been one of the many that practice the organic farming their Mayor Lizell Sivelle Mondejar has been so supportive in achieving this. The name of the farm is “PALAYAMANAN”. There are 30 members and seven groups on the organization in Agpangan in each group there are 5-7 members and they have 500sq meters of land that they could culture. Most of their plants are “Marguso” or also known as bitter melon, “Pepino” or cucumber, “Karbasa” or Squash, “Petchay” or Cabbage, “Kamatis” or Tomato, “Talong” or Eggplant and “Rabanos” or Raddish. The Department of Agriculture had been benefited by the people in New Lucena, Iloilo City. They have Technical Group Training which aimed to inform and teach the people especially the farmers the proper way of organic farming. They taught the people on how they can produce good crops without giving harmful effects on the environment.
The Department of Agriculture is the one providing the seeds and the farmers will be the one to do the initiative in planting the seeds in a due process. According to Mrs. Gina Sols they have a demo every Friday. And every Friday all of them were there in Apangan to take care of their crops. She also said that the Agricultural Technician has a five months training and after the training what they learned will be relay to the other members. And from time to time the dept. of agriculture will visit their plantation.
As their fertilizer, they do Vermicasting which is also known as Vermicomposting it is the product or process of composting using various worms, usually red wigglers, white worms, and other earthworms to create a heterogeneous mixture of decomposing vegetable or food waste, bedding materials, and vermicast. Vermicast, also called worm castings, worm humus or worm manure, is the end-product of the breakdown of organic matter by an earthworm. These castings have been shown to contain reduced levels of contaminants and a higher saturation of nutrients than do organic materials before vermicomposting. They also do the Decomposting which means that it is the process by which organic substances are broken down into simpler forms of matter. The process is essential for recycling the finite matter that occupies physical space in the biome. Bodies of living organisms begin to decompose shortly after death. Although no two organisms decompose in the same way, they all undergo the same sequential stages of decomposition. They also use the dried leaves of “Madre Cacao”, “Ägho”,Rice Straw and “Saging”. Mrs Solas said that “ ang lukait sang itlog pwede mo man mahimo nga fertilizer, una sanlagon mo ini kag pag katapos imu nga bukbokon kag ihulom mo sa langgaw, pwede mo don na ma fertilizer”. She even said that it could also be done on the bone that has no longer have purpose. They have been practicing organic farming for almost three years now and they very much glad that they are doing it so well in the last three years. They also tried to convince everybody especially the farmers to start practicing organic farming.
The municipality of New Lucena implemented the Organic Vegetable Landscaping in every school and in every barangay. Through this youth could also be more aware about the project of Department of Agriculture about organic farming. We could clearly see that organic farming is very helpful; to each one of us so say YES TO ORGANIC FARMING.

Reference:

http://www.fareasternagriculture.com/crops/agriculture/organic-farming-the-future-of-philippine-agriculture
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vermicompost
http://wikipedia.org/wiki/Decomposing
http://www.lawphil.net/statutes/repacts/ra2010/ra_10068_2010.html

DevCom: Art and Science of Human Communication

“Caring about others, running the risk of feeling, and leaving an impact on people, brings happiness.”
-Harold Kushner
According to Nora Quebral, Devcom is the art and science of human communication applied to the speedy transformation of a country and the mass of its people from poverty to a dynamic state of economic growth that makes possible greater social equality and the larger fulfillment of the human potential.
Development Communication as an art
DevCom requires creativity because you have to gain attraction and attention to your audience. It practices the creativeness of the field such as community organizing, reporting and a lot more which requires creativity, resourcefulness, skillfulness and a lot of ideas in human communication.
Development Communication as a science
It practices systematic application to processes, strategies and principle of communication to bring about positive social change by supporting sustainable change in development operations. It also aims to do this through engaging key stakeholders, inducing positive behavioral and social change, disseminating information and establishing conducive environments.
DevCom brings change to the society through the use of new technology and mass communications. The best example of social change devcom brings is the community organizing. It is where you go to communities, teach them how to be resourceful, skillful, creative, the strategies in life for a better living, and shared ideas in a devcom way and surely their lives will change. Not only their lives but also the community their living in and is their social behavior.
As Development Communicators, we are ready to face any challenges, whether it is easy or hard as long as we have trust and confidence and can give happiness to people. We are born to change and give care to the society into a much better place to live in.