Moringa Oleifera as a Potential Repellent for Malarial Vector

Moringa Oleifera is the scientific name for malunggay and it is also called as “miracle tree” because it has a strong reputation of curing many disease and the most widely cultivated plant species worldwide. Many have not yet known that it has a very helpful chemical in aiding to repel malaria.

Malaria is a serious disease produced by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected mosquitoes. It is transmitted among humans by female mosquitoes of the Anopheles Stephensi. Female mosquitoes take blood meals to carry out egg production, and such blood meals are the link between the human and the mosquito hosts in the parasite life cycle.

Anopheles

By: Google

Symptoms of Malaria normally developed within 10 days to 4 weeks after the infective mosquito bite. Common symptoms include:

  • shaking chills that are moderate to severe
  • high fever
  • profuse sweating
  • headache
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • anemia
  • muscle pain
  • convulsions
  • coma
  • bloody stools

In some patients, symptoms may not develop for several months because some of malarial parasites can enter the body but will be dormant for the long period of time.

According to World Health Organization (WHO)  the latest estimates released in December 2014, there were about 198 million cases of malaria in 2013 (with an uncertainty range of 124 million to 283 million) and an estimated 584 000 deaths (with an uncertainty range of 367 000 to 755 000). Malaria mortality rates have fallen by 47% globally since 2000, and by 54% in the WHO African Region.

Mosquitoes are the important vectors of Malaria causing a systemic reaction and in some cases is death. An obvious method for the control of mosquito-borne diseases is the use of insecticides, and many synthetic agents have been developed and employed in the field with considerable success. However, one major drawback with the use of chemical insecticides is that they are non-selective and could be harmful to other organisms in the environment. The repeated or frequent use of insecticides against mosquitoes has led them to adapt and developed resistance against them. After being environmental and human health concerns scientist come up with a study with Moringa Oleifera as a potential repellent against mosquitoes that are malarial vectors.

91i166JkGmL._SL1500_

By: Google

Plants are considered as a rich source of bio active chemicals and they may be an alternative source of mosquito control agent.The phytochemicals derived from the Moringa can act as larvicides, insect growth regulators, repellents and also have a very deterrent activity observed by many scientist and researchers. In the study of Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine the outcome acquired after the treatment of Moringa Oleifera for malarial vector were encouraging. The plant extracts of Moringa exhibit properties of repellent and showed a great potential against Anopheles Stephensi . The lectin in the extracted of Moringa Oleifera seeds content have shown efficacy of the Anopheles Stephensi. Many of plant extracts are subject to risk factors in mosquito control, but in the study, Moringa Oleifera seed extract showed a good effect on malaria and does not have a toxic effect on the human beings. Moringa Oleifera has an impressive range of medicinal uses. Different parts of this plant such as the leaves, roots, seed, bark, fruit, and flowers contain a profile of essential purposes.

Repellents are one way of protecting man from insects’ bites. An effective repellent should help us lessen our contact with vector borne disease and interrupting the process of transmission.  Thus, Moringa repellent could help in saving the lives of upcoming future in preventing and lessening the case of malaria disease that could harmfully affect the public health. By promoting more research studies to scientist about this miracle plant it can essentially be the answer for this serious illness.

By: Rhea C. Sevilla

References:

World Health Organization

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs094/en/

Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3609168/

https://www.linkedin.com/grp/post/4337300-101019215

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/150670.php#what_is_malaria

 

 

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Concrete Hollow Blocks from Waste Coconut Shells

Did you ever wonder staring at your walls at home and wonder the corners of it, if how the concrete blocks give a constant foundation in it?

This study will give you insights on how to produce the concrete blocks by generating product using agricultural waste as well develop an alternative construction material that will lessen the social and environmental issues. It  also  covered  the  way  to  the  recognition  of  using  coconut  shells  and  fiber  as  substitute  for  aggregates  in developing  concrete  hollow  blocks.  Our environment is facing issues concerning the production of materials so instead of stick to the usual requirements, this solutions may be useful to improve the situation of our environment, by using recycled materials from waste coconut shells. Substituting waste materials in construction is well known for conservation of dwindling resources and preventing environmental and ecological damages caused by quarrying and depletion of raw materials.

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alexmenon.blogspot.com

The waste coconut shells have the technical specifications components that concrete hollow blocks have through the mechanical properties of compressive strength, modulus of elasticity, modulus of rapture, absorption, thermal conductivity, and fire resistance. The good indicators of coconut shell and fiber as aggregate are; particles shape and affects work ability of fresh texture, resistance to aggregate is low in crushing value, this will not give high crushing, absorption affects the mix proportions and control water content to maintain surface moisture water-cement ratio, grading economizes cement content and improves work ability, resistance to where frost action deteriorates freezing and heating.And lastly, the lightweight reduce weight of structure.

Our modern construction technologies are being developed, to respond to ecological   and   social issues of excessive use of raw materials from nature. The main objective of this study will give partial re-placement  for  the  aggregates and  will  determined the  ability and  benefits to  the  concrete hollow block. The simple concrete block will continue to evolve  as architects and block manufacturers  develop  new  shapes  and  sizes.

The researcher develops this experiment through collecting coconut shells and fiber. If gathered materials are wet, it will undergo drying process, or if dry it will be directly screened to discard foreign materials. Shells are crushed and fibers are stripped from coconut husk, after crushing and stripping it will be screened again to discard foreign materials. Physical property is observed through sieve analysis, if it will confirm with the standards. Concrete hollow block sample is done by mixing crushed coconut shell and fiber, sand and cement. Mixture is poured to the machine to form a 4 inches concrete hollow blocks. The next stage is curing the specimen for 7, 14 and 28 days on the said dates the specimen will undergo laboratory test such as compressive strength test, moisture content, and absorption.

In fact we can escape the crisis. We can return to the community of life, we can re-situate ourselves, in thought and experience, within and not against the more-than-human world. But we will not do so if we continue to suppose that we face only a practical problem: how to recycle better or pollute less or save the forests…all of this is crucial too…the environmental crisis ultimately lies deeper, challenges us more profoundly, more philosophically and offers us unsuspected and fabulous opportunities. By: Anthony Weston, An Invitation to Environmental Philosophy,
Oxford University Press, 1999.

By: Hyacinth Claire D. Huervana

References:

http://www.researchgate.net/publication/257099368_Recycling_of_Waste_Coconut_Shells_as_Substitute_for_Aggregates_in_Mix_Proportioning_of_Concrete_Hollow_Blocks

http://ejournals.ph/index.php?journal=PULSAR&page=article&op=viewArticle&path%5B%5D=7417

http://environ.andrew.cmu.edu/m3/s1/index.shtml

 

 

 

Turmeric: The Yellow Tea

Be healthy, be bold, and be gold!

Staying healthy and fit is the new trend of this generation. With the food innovations sprouting from every corner of the world, it is surely tough to control yourself from eating too much just to protect your livers. Toxins generated from the food we take are being cleansed by our livers but when there are more than enough of these that our livers can control, accumulation happens and God knows what would happen next.

Mary Vance once wrote, “Toxic overload creates an acidic internal environment and has been impli­cated in a number of diseases, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic fatigue, allergies, skin conditions, asthma, mental illness, hyper­tension, gastritis, kidney disease and obesity. Studies are beginning to reveal that toxic overload contributes to more serious conditions such as autoimmune diseases, inflammatory/rheumatoid arthritis, and neuro­logical disorders such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.”

Some of these toxins also come from processed foods. Even if we try to stay away from it, there’s no denying the fact that we CAN’T stay away from them especially when they look and taste so good.

With this being said, people who eat a wide variety of foods now try to cheat their bodies so it doesn’t get weak from all of those toxins. Most people try to stay healthy by going to gyms, controlling their food intakes, and drinking those green or orange healthy looking shakes that tastes so healthy you don’t know if you’ll finish it or not.

Being healthy doesn’t need to be a sacrifice. All you need is the right knowledge on what to take and how to take it. Behold! The golden herb- Turmeric!

BA6P74 Ginger Zingiber officinale on a white background

By: Google

This golden rhizome turmeric, Curcuma longa, or “golden herb” in Ayurveda, is a member of the ginger family. It is known as an anti-inflammatory, an anti-microbial, an immune-modulator, an anti-oxidant and an anti-cancer herb.

Turmeric also:

  • Detoxifies body and liver
  • Boosts immunity by improving liver function
  • protects liver tissue
  • Cleanses and purifies the blood
  • Eases symptoms of coughs and colds
  • Improves circulation in the body
  • Improves skin complexion
  • Prevents internal blood clotting
  • Reduces bad cholesterol
  • Reduces inflammation – all types of arthritis and other inflammation
  • Stimulates secretion of bile which helps break down fat
By: Google

By: Google

Just one herb and your whole body get cleansed! Here are a few recipes and their easy steps on how to make your very own turmeric tea and get your body refreshed!

 

 

 

Basic Turmeric Ginger Tea

Ingredients Amount
Water 1 cup
Ground Tumeric (fresh or store bought) ¼ teaspoon
Ground ginger (fresh or store bought) ¼ teaspoon
Lemon or honey To taste

Directions:

Step 1: Bring the water up to a boil.

Step 2: Add the turmeric and ginger.

Step 3: Reduce heat and simmer everything for 10 minutes.

Step 4: Add the lemon or honey to taste and enjoy.

Golden Creamy Turmeric Tea

Ingredients Amount
Coconut or almond milk 1 cup
Ground Turmeric (fresh or store bought) ½ teaspoon
Finely chopped ginger root ½ inch
Cayenne pepper A pinch
Honey or maple syrup 1 teaspoon or to taste

Directions:

Step 1: Blend all the ingredients together in a blender.

Step 2: Heat the mixture in a saucepan for 3 to 5 minutes.

Step 3: Drink it while it’s hot.

Turmeric Tea the Coffee Alternative

Ingredients Amount
Water 2 cups
Fresh, minced ginger root 1 inch
Ground turmeric 2 teaspoons (or 1 inch of root)
Ground cinnamon 1 teaspoon (or 2-3 sticks)
Lemongrass tea bag 1 bag
Peppercorns 6
Sea salt A pinch
Sliced oranges To taste
Honey To taste
Lemon juice 1 lemon
Coconut oil 1 teaspoon

Directions:

Step 1: Bring the water to boil in a sauce pan.

Step 2: Add peeled and minced ginger root, turmeric, cinnamon, peppercorns, oranges and sea salt.

Step 3: Simmer for 10-15 minutes on medium-low heat.

Step 4: Add lemongrass tea bag and steep for 3 minutes. Then remove it.

Step 5: Add coconut oil, honey and fresh lemon juice. Enjoy!

Choose from these recipes and try it on your own. Don’t hesitate to try and mix your own preferences and make it taste as how you wish it would.

Be healthy, be bold, and b gold! Try this turmeric tea and make yourself toxin-free!

By: Shayen S. Villanueva

References:

http://www.primallyinspired.com/turmeric-tea-liver-detox/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turmeric

http://www.turmericforhealth.com/turmeric-benefits/how-turmeric-benefits-female-reproductive-system

http://draxe.com/turmeric-health-benefits/

Increasing Rice Productivity through Color Sorter Technology

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A modernized world demands an advance technology to cater the needs of the society. It makes the lives and works of people a lot easier.

Color sorter machine is one of the beneficial products produced by technology. In the year 1930 color sorter machine was introduced in US. The first sorting machine was developed in England in the year 1937. It is to help the rice farmers to sort defected rice from a quality rice grain to increase their production.

It is known that Philippines staple food is rice, for almost all Filipinos eat rice 3 times or more per day.  Since high quality rice grains commands a higher price than those that are defected grains, rice color sorter machine makes the sorting process a lot easier. Color sorting is a step before packing processed rice. The machine aims to improve the productivity and quality of commercial rice.

Photo by: DOST

Photo by: DOST

Rice color sorter machine is also called Optical Sorting Machine, using a high-resolution CCD optical sensor it can sort quality rice grains from black tipped, chalky, yellow and immature rice grains called “slight” or defected rice. It sorts rice by color or elements detected by the sensor or camera. Color Sorter Machine works based on vision system using monochromatic (use only one color) camera, ejectors and a software that monitors the entire process.  It can see the characteristics of defected grains that a human eye cannot identify.

Photo by: DOST Rice Before Sorting

Photo by: DOST
Rice Before Sorting

Photo by: DOST Quality Rice Grain

Photo by: DOST
Quality Rice Grain

Photo by: DOST  Defected Rice Grains

Photo by: DOST
Defected Rice Grains

In the Philippines, the DOST (Department of Science and Technology) had provided a Rice Color Sorter Machine to Leonard M. Garcia of Oriental Mindoro through Small Enterprise Technology Upgrading Program (SETUP). It was the first successfully established Sorting technology in the southern part of Oriental Mindoro. According to DOST the rice productivity will increase 20%. This means an additional production for the rice producer.

In some parts of the world farmers themselves had started to purchase sorters to increase their quality rice production.

Since Rice Color Sorter Machine uses monochromatic camera, innovators are trying to upgrade to sensor RGB color for more effective usage – to meet the demands of the society.

Reference:

http://www.world-grain.com/Supplier%20Info/Technical%20Papers/2014/3/New%20color%20sorting%20technology.aspx?cck=1

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rice_color_sorting_machine

http://www.activecorp.co.jp/whatis_eng.html

http://machinemakers.typepad.com/machine-makers/2014/07/the-color-sorting-machine-is-invented-for-farmers-and-grains-processors.html

http://www.dost.gov.ph/index.php/knowledge-resources/news/33-2013-news/32-color-sorter-technology-increases-rice-productivity-for-rice-traders

“Electric Incubator: A benefit to the Darag Chicken Production” BY: FLYNN AGUILAR

“Electric Incubator: A benefit to the Darag Chicken Production”

BY: FLYNN AGUILAR

Did it ever cross your mind if where those fried chickens that we eat at fast food chains come from? Did you ever wonder how these chickens become so yummy? Or did you ever wonder why fried chickens never go extinct despite that they are the favorite of the people?

          However, before we’ll have the secret the fast reproduction of our favorite chicken, let’s know more first about our chickens.

Philippine native chickens are the most common domesticated fowls found in small hold farms. According to the Philippine Council for Agricultural, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development, there are five types of Philippine native chickens in the Philippines. These are the Bolinao type of Philippine native chicken found in Pangasinan, the Banaba type of native chicken in Batangas, the Camarines type of Philippine native chicken found in Bicol, the Darag type of Philippine native chicken in Panay, and the Paraokan type of Philippine native chicken from Palawan.

          The type of native chickens as stated above were all found all over the Philippines is one of the biggest factor why the chickens here in the Philippines were well developed is the Electric Incubator. At the moment, The Electric Incubators can more or less produce 50,000 chicken eggs and 20,000 chicks.

 Native chickens have a high mortality rate however; one of the main problems of native chicken raisers is the disease. According to the West Visayas State University Research and Development Center said that through the efforts of Dr. Bernabe Bacerra Cocjin, a pioneering mind behind Darag native chicken, his project has developed a disease prevention and control program based on Newcastle disease vaccination and control of avian malaria, coccidiosis and intestinal parasites which reduced the mortality rate of native chickens from diseases.

Such diseases like Infectious Coryza, Fowl Cholera, Avian Mycoplasmosis, Pullorum Disease, Coccidiosis, Avian Malaria, Round Worm Infections, Tape Worm Infections are found in Darag.

So, what are these diseases actually?                                                              

Infectious Coryza is an acute respiratory disease of chickens characterized by nasal discharge, sneezing and swelling of the face under the eyes. Fowl Cholera is a contagious, widely distributed disease that affects domestic and wild birds. It usually occurs as a septicemia of sudden onset with high morbidity and mortality but chronic and asymptomatic infections also occur. Avian Mycoplasmosis is an infectious and contagious disease of poultry characterized by respiratory rales, coughing and nasal discharge. The clinical manifestations are slow to develop and the disease has a long course. Pullorum Disease is a primarily acute disease of chicks during the first month of life, characterized by high mortality. It is often found in mature fowl as a chronic infection. It is also known as Bacillary White Diarrhea.

Cocciodiosis is a primarily disease of the digestive tract, its damage is caused by the multiplication of coccidian in the bird’s intestine and ceca. The organisms destroy celss normally use by the birds for digestion absorption and conversion of the food into body substance. The Avian Malaria is caused by parasites of the plasmodium genus. Few of the plasmodium which have been identified appear to be natural parasites of domestic poultry. The large roundworm Ascaridia galli is one of the most common worms of poultry, both male and female worms live in the central portion of the small intestine. It may not cause significant mortality but may retard growth and egg production. Lastly, the tapeworms are poultry are flat, white, ribbonlike, segmented parasites. This parasite clings to the lining of the intestine by means of suction cups located on the head.

These diseases are very harmful however once they are treated as soon as possible, it will be a very big help in the health of the Darag.

Also, the studies of Dr. Cocjin on the ”Darag” native chickens are relevant in developing a product that has export potential and for import substitution to earn ad conserve the country’s foreign currency.

The Philippine Council for Agricultural, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development states that the electric incubator helped sustained their production and one of their primary objectives is to employment. This electric incubator would really be a big help especially those in the poultry production. Through this project, it can help generate job for people the rural area. Moreover, the second benefit for this is the income generating project that will be very helpful in particularly to the people in the rural area.

Moreover, Philippine Council for Agricultural, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development said the from a fowl that is being only left on their own to fend for themselves to a self sustaining income generating chickens. Traditionally, these birds are kept in smallholder farms as sources of meat and eggs and as a source of additional income to rural families.

This is also a great business to get started with, in fact I have seen in the TV program Rated K that a mere balot, penoy, and the salted egg producer became a millionaire just by selling and continuously producing eggs.      

This only proves that creativity in the Filipino people is natural and those who really strive  hard for the betterment of their lives are those being rewarded with blessing no other people deserve than them.

The Electric Incubator is not just a benefit to the people to have living and food to eat, but also a blessing.

          

DevCom As An Art And Science

How Development communication as an art of science and human communication? We know for a fact that we have been studying the major subject for quite some time now. Now I didn’t say that I am an expert in this sort of thing but we have been exposed in a community a couple of times now as to say that it can be an art of science because of the fact that we deal with people and community and by that it means that from their feelings, thoughts and emotions.

It means a lot of things from being an individual or a group we provide them information that can provide for them to have a better lives and we aim to have it in a meaningful and sustainable way.

In the sense of human communication, basing on what I have tackled in the previous paragraphs that we deal with people and the basic outcome that we ought to reach is to make a difference in the quality of life of an individual or community.

Development Communication is an art because it used the art of mass media that allows it creatively prepare its materials in implementing the development in a certain community. It applies different unique ideas that will catch the attention and also of course the cooperation of the members of the community.

Development Communication is a science because it follows a systematic pattern and does go through the process of scientific method in achieving the development it wants to instill to the community. They identify problems that are from the members of the community themselves and organizers think of what are the most effective ways to counter or solve the issues or problems. They prepare step by step process or have plans to follow in order to achieve development.

PALAYAMANAN: Organic Farming in Agpangan, Cabilauan, New Lucena

One of the people wanted and prayed is to have a good and healthy lifestyle but how could we ever attain this if most of or food are synthetic or came from unnatural one. Our government had an ordinance which is the R.A NO. 10068.

Republic act no. 10068 is known as “AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND PROMOTION OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE IN THE PHILIPPINES AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES”. It is hereby declared the policy of the State to promote, propagate, develop further and implement the practice of organic agriculture in the Philippines that will cumulatively condition and enrich the fertility of the soil, increase farm productivity, reduce pollution and destruction of the environment, prevent the depletion of natural resources, further protect the health of farmers, consumers, and the general public, and save on imported farm inputs. Towards this end, a comprehensive program for the promotion of community-based organic agriculture systems which include, among others, farmer-produced purely organic fertilizers such as compost, pesticides and other farm inputs, together with a nationwide educational and promotional campaign for their use and processing as well as adoption of organic agriculture system as a viable alternative shall be undertaken. The State recognizes and supports the central role of the farmers, indigenous people and other stakeholders at the grassroots in this program. Then lets define Organic refers to the particular farming and processing system, described in the standards and not in the classical chemical sense. The term “organic” is synonymous in other languages to “biological” or “ecological”. It is also a labeling term that denotes products considered organic based on the Philippine National Standards for organic agriculture. Organic agriculture includes all agricultural systems that promote the ecologically sound, socially acceptable, economically viable and technically feasible production of food and fibers. In addition, organic agricultural dramatically reduces external inputs by refraining from the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides and pharmaceuticals. It also covers areas such as, but not limited to, soil fertility management, varietal breeding and selection under chemical and pesticide-free conditions, the use of biotechnology and other cultural practices that are consistent with the principles and policies of this Act, and enhance productivity without destroying the soil and harming farmers, consumers and the environment as defined by the International Federation of Organic Agricultural Movement (IFOAM): Provided, That the biotechnology herein to shall not include genetically modified organisms of GMOs.Our government mandated the Department of Agriculture to give more amounts in supporting the organic farming. It has been proven that organic farming could help in achieving a sustainable lifestyle and it also environment friendly. Organic farming has been practiced by many and it needs a lot of effort to make it more successful.
Organic production system is a system designed to:
(1) Enhance biological diversity within the whole system;
(2) Increase soil biological activity;
(3) Maintain long-term soil fertility;
(4) Recycle wastes of plant and animal origin in order to return nutrients to the land, thus minimizing the use of nonrenewable resources;
(5) Rely on renewable resources in locally organized agricultural system;
(6) Promote the healthy use of soil, water and air as well as minimize all forms of pollution thereto that may result from agricultural practices;
(7) Develop and promote the use of biotechnology in agriculture;
(8) Handle agricultural products with emphasis on careful processing methods in order to maintain the organic integrity and vital qualities of the product at all stages; and
(9) Become established on any existing farm through a period of convention, the appropriate length of which is determined by site-specific factors such as the history of the land, and type of crops and livestock to be produced.
Agpangan, Cabilauan, New Lucena has been one of the many that practice the organic farming their Mayor Lizell Sivelle Mondejar has been so supportive in achieving this. The name of the farm is “PALAYAMANAN”. There are 30 members and seven groups on the organization in Agpangan in each group there are 5-7 members and they have 500sq meters of land that they could culture. Most of their plants are “Marguso” or also known as bitter melon, “Pepino” or cucumber, “Karbasa” or Squash, “Petchay” or Cabbage, “Kamatis” or Tomato, “Talong” or Eggplant and “Rabanos” or Raddish. The Department of Agriculture had been benefited by the people in New Lucena, Iloilo City. They have Technical Group Training which aimed to inform and teach the people especially the farmers the proper way of organic farming. They taught the people on how they can produce good crops without giving harmful effects on the environment.
The Department of Agriculture is the one providing the seeds and the farmers will be the one to do the initiative in planting the seeds in a due process. According to Mrs. Gina Sols they have a demo every Friday. And every Friday all of them were there in Apangan to take care of their crops. She also said that the Agricultural Technician has a five months training and after the training what they learned will be relay to the other members. And from time to time the dept. of agriculture will visit their plantation.
As their fertilizer, they do Vermicasting which is also known as Vermicomposting it is the product or process of composting using various worms, usually red wigglers, white worms, and other earthworms to create a heterogeneous mixture of decomposing vegetable or food waste, bedding materials, and vermicast. Vermicast, also called worm castings, worm humus or worm manure, is the end-product of the breakdown of organic matter by an earthworm. These castings have been shown to contain reduced levels of contaminants and a higher saturation of nutrients than do organic materials before vermicomposting. They also do the Decomposting which means that it is the process by which organic substances are broken down into simpler forms of matter. The process is essential for recycling the finite matter that occupies physical space in the biome. Bodies of living organisms begin to decompose shortly after death. Although no two organisms decompose in the same way, they all undergo the same sequential stages of decomposition. They also use the dried leaves of “Madre Cacao”, “Ägho”,Rice Straw and “Saging”. Mrs Solas said that “ ang lukait sang itlog pwede mo man mahimo nga fertilizer, una sanlagon mo ini kag pag katapos imu nga bukbokon kag ihulom mo sa langgaw, pwede mo don na ma fertilizer”. She even said that it could also be done on the bone that has no longer have purpose. They have been practicing organic farming for almost three years now and they very much glad that they are doing it so well in the last three years. They also tried to convince everybody especially the farmers to start practicing organic farming.
The municipality of New Lucena implemented the Organic Vegetable Landscaping in every school and in every barangay. Through this youth could also be more aware about the project of Department of Agriculture about organic farming. We could clearly see that organic farming is very helpful; to each one of us so say YES TO ORGANIC FARMING.

Reference:

http://www.fareasternagriculture.com/crops/agriculture/organic-farming-the-future-of-philippine-agriculture
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vermicompost
http://wikipedia.org/wiki/Decomposing
http://www.lawphil.net/statutes/repacts/ra2010/ra_10068_2010.html

“Stevia Plant as Sugar Substitute in Negros Occidental”.

Stevia is an incredibly sweet herb, obtained by a natural selective breeding process of the sweetest Stevia parent plants. The sweetener, stevioside, extracted from the plants, is 300 times sweeter than sugar. The fresh leaves have a nice liquorice taste. What makes the Stevia plant so special is that it can be used to replace sugar (sucrose). Many different uses of Stevia are already well-known: as table sugar, in soft drinks, pastry, pickles, tobacco products, candy, jam, yoghurt, chewing gum, sorbets… The dried leaves of Stevia are about 40 times sweeter than sugar.

The documented properties of Stevia are antibacterial, anti fungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, anti-viral, anti-yeast, cardiotonic, diuretic, hypoglycemic and hence a boon to diabetic people, hypotensive, tonic, and vasodilator. Indeed, the leaves contain diterpene glucosides with a sweet taste but which are not metabolised and contain no calories. The biggest part of the sweet glucosides consists of the stevioside molecule. 

Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni (Bertoni) is a perennial herbaceous plant and is part of the Asteraceae family. This family includes well-known plants such as dandelion, sunflower and chicory. The history of the culture of Stevia mainly stems from Paraguay and Brazil. Originally Stevia only grew in the northern regions of South America but its cultivation has become popular worldwide. . The plant has been known for centuries by the native Guaranay-Indians for the sweet taste of its leaves. They use it, amongst other things, to make “mate” herbal tea. Stevia is often referred to as the “sweetest plant of the world”.

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Its leaves are about 5 cm long and 2 cm wide and are planted crosswise, facing each other. In the wild, the height of the plant varies from 40 to 80 cm but when cultivated, the Stevia can become 1 metre high. Stevia can be grown on relatively poor soil. The plants can be used for commercial production for 6 years, during which five times a year a harvest takes place of the part of the plant that is above the ground. The roots remain in place and so the plant regenerates again. Plants, which are 1 metre high, have a dry weight of 70 g on average. The dry weight of the leaves can vary from 15 to 35 g per plant.

It is a completely natural non-synthetic product; o Stevioside (the sweetener) contains absolutely no calories; The leaves can be used in their natural state; Thanks to its enormous sweetening power, only small quantities need to be used; The plant is non-toxic; The leaves as well as the pure stevioside extract can be cooked; No aftertaste or bitterness; Stable when heated up to 200 degrees; Non fermentative; Flavour enhancing; Clinically tested and frequently used by humans without negative effect; Ideal, non-addictive sweetener for children.

Components of stevia sweeteners contain zero calories, which mean these sweeteners may sweeten food and beverages resulting in fewer calories. Further, research has shown that stevia sweeteners do not contribute calories or carbohydrates to the diet and do not affect blood glucose or insulin response, which allows people with diabetes to consume a greater variety of foods and comply with a healthful meal plan. Stevia sweeteners are an excellent alternative for use in foods and beverages such as diet beverages. The sweet components in stevia sweeteners are naturally occurring which may further benefit consumers who prefer foods and beverages they perceive as natural.

Agrowide Business of My Beeway Corporation under Aldritz Corporation Plants wherein Stevia Plants where located.

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The purpose of this blog is to provide as much information about stevia. this information and photos are given by Mr. Anthony Vega, manager of Beeway Corporation, affiliated company of Aldritz corporation, makers of the best known brand “pau d’ arco” that they are using “stevia plant” for their Barako Coffee.

Rosas De Baybayon as a Treatment for Anti-cancer in Pototan Iloilo

Rosas de baybayon is a widely known by the people because of its many uses like adding sprays of color in the landscaped gardens of malls, schools and especially in our homes. They also accentuate dull streets and beautify even our surroundings. It’s one of those flowers that transcend social barriers in any geographical location because of its ability to adapt in climatic differences and to spread its seeds far and wide. It grows everywhere and people love it because of its ornamental value more than anything. Its differently colored flowers mostly grow in the public schools as they are hardly plants needing limited attention. The Catharantos Roseus is the scientific name of the Rosas de baybayon which goes by the name Apat-apat (literally, four-four) that is very popular by the natives in the Philippines.

As time goes by people discovered that the significant of Rosas de baybayon is not just a flower that can be displayed in our house and gave fragrance to it or a common flower that beautify our surroundings or even a accent in public schools or highways but can be an effective herbal medicine that can cure different illness like diabetes, myomas, dysmenorrhoea or even cancer. Different medicines that made by the Rosas de baybayon had been introduce to people to cure different illness and diseases that is proven to be effective.

­­Nowadays a lot of cancer cases and problems had been reported. Numbers of people had been killing by the cancer without even taken treatment. Based on projections, cancer deaths will continue to rise with an estimated 9 million people dying from cancer in 2015, and 11.4 million dying in 2020.

Cancer is a class of diseases characterized by out-of-control cell growth. There are over 100 different types of cancer, and each is classified by the type of cell that is initially affected. Cancer harms the body when damaged cells divide uncontrollably to form lumps or masses of tissue called tumors. Tumors can grow and interfere with the digestive, nervous, and circulatory systems and they can release hormones that alter body function. Tumors that stay in one spot and demonstrate limited growth are generally considered to be benign. Based on research cancer mortality is mainly due to metastatic tumors, those that grow from cells that have traveled from their original site to another part of the body. Only 10% of cancer deaths are caused by the primary tumors.

Here are some of the classifications of cancer:

  1. Carcinomas are characterized by cells that cover internal and external parts of the body such as lung, breast, and colon cancer.
  2. Sarcomas are characterized by cells that are located in bone, cartilage, fat, connective tissue, muscle, and other supportive tissues.
  3. Lymphomas are cancers that begin in the lymph nodes and immune system tissues.
  4. Leukemia is cancers that begin in the bone marrow and often accumulate in the bloodstream.
  5. Adenomas are cancers that arise in the thyroid, the pituitary gland, the adrenal gland, and other glandular tissues.

The most common cancer in the world is lung cancer; the most common among women is breast cancer. There are significant differences in how cancer strikes people in various parts of the world. Such variations may be due to smoking, dietary and other social habits, and because people inherit different kinds of genetic mutations from their parents. Some 200,000 women in developing countries die each year from cervical cancer.

Cancer is ultimately the result of cells that uncontrollably grow and do not die. Normal cells in the body follow an orderly path of growth, division, and death. Programmed cell death is called apoptosis, and when this process breaks down, cancer begins to form. Unlike regular cells, cancer cells do not experience programmatic death and instead continue to grow and divide. This leads to a mass of abnormal cells that grows out of control.

Based on study, Rosas de baybayon had been acknowledged by the medicine as an adjunct cure for cancer treatment. Its periwinkle flowers contain 70 alkaloids that been isolated and synthesized and can be used as a direct treatment in cancer. Its periwinkle flowers also help to stimulate blood flow and the releases of toxins brought about by hormonal changes and also help maintain healthy sugar level of the body. The inclusion of alkaloids in Rosas de baybayon can be a cancer therapy reinforces the curative claim of local herbalist on the efficacy of the plant for many ailments and can help to cure those who have cancer. Alkaloids are substances that contain nitrogen and usually amines and building block of proteins. They are plant origin and have a wide range of plants and uses. Cocaine and nicotine are some of the examples of alkaloids. Boiling is the simplest method of extracting the alkaloids. Drying the leaves removes the moisture and the powder become concentrate. The boiling periwinkle should not be used for cooking food because the plant’s natural smell and taste remain on the pot even after several washings. It has been believed that being hardy with the profuse root system is the main reason for it to uptake a wide range of soil nutrients helping out in creating a wide range of chemically complex alkaloids that can help act against cancer. Rosas de baybayon may yet exact a heavy toll on cancer medicines because this front yard plant has been proven as a poor man’s supplement against a wide range of modern sickness.SAM_0778 - Copy (2)

According to the herbalist for those who don’t want to invest in capsules, the easiest way to take the Rosas de baybayon is in the form of tea. Usually one small one small whole plant about 14-16 inches tall including the roots that is boiled in 2-3 liters of water until the liquid becomes brown which takes about an hour. Some take 1-2 glassfuls once a day but the herbalist advices, for the best results take 3-6 glasses per day especially for advanced stages of malady. Those taking the capsule form can see results with 6-10 capsules daily. Rosas De baybayon or apat-apat is also available in one of the herbal capsules in the local market. This had been popularized by the nuns in the late 1990s but lately there were other players who came out with their own, some still crudely packaged but the first ones in the market, have more attractive packaging. In the Philippines, Apat-apat capsules are also available in selected outlets for those who could not stand the periwinkle’s taste and aroma. It’s more convenient, too. It is produced by a group of nuns who are cultivating the plant extensively around the province.

In the research that I conducted, Rosas de baybayon had been produced as a capsule and herbal medicine in Pototan Iloilo. They established Rosas de baybayon as herbal product and a treatment for cancer. These had been distributed and the different places here in Iloilo and proven that can be a cure for cancer. A lady who was diagnosed by a cancer was convinced by a friend to take Rosas de baybayon capsule as a treatment for her cancer. After a few months of taking the medicine she was so amazed on how Rosas de baybayon changed her life because she is totally cure by her cancer in just a few months. She is now taking Rosas de baybayon for six years and become a dealer of the product.

I’ve also got to interviewed one of the proponents who were also taking bebeRosas de baybayon as a treatment for her breast cancer. After a few months of taking Rosas de baybayon she went to her doctor for her final check up and discovered that the abnormal growth in her breast had been disappeared so the operation that been planning by the doctor had been cancelled, saving her money, the risk and the inconvenience in taking the operation.

In addition, I also interviewed the dealer of the Rosas de baybayon and had a chance to ask her how much income she makes with the Rosas de baybayon as a dealer of the product. She said she had earned enough to support her family everyday needs and to support her two children in their studies. She also said that Rosas de baybayon had helped her in many ways not just in her health alone. She earned not less than Php10, 000 a month of just being a dealer of the product alone!

Indeed, Rosas de baybayon are not just herbal medicine that helps us cure our different illnesses and diseases but can also be a way to support our family basic needs and can gained basic income. It’s not just a flower that can be displayed in our homes or outside our school but a plant that can help maintain and support our healthy body.

References:

Retrieved August 31, 2013 from http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/cancer-oncology/

Retrieved August 31, 2013 from http://nucleus.iaea.org/HHW/RadiationOncology/Makingthecaseforradiotherapyinyourcountry/SizeoftheproblemNumberofnewcancercases/index.html

Retrieved August 31, 2013 from http://www.cancer.gov/statistics

Retrieved August 31, 2013 from http://voices.yahoo.com/apat-apat-rosas-baybayon-miracle-herb-2230047.html

ANTI-RABIES VACCINES AND THE TREATMENT OF RABIES IN ILOILO CITY

Philippine household and neighbourhood

Philippines is one of the many free-ranging urban dogs in the world. Street dogs or most popularly known as “askals” are mongrels and adapted to local conditions. Many have no owners, but some locals keep them as pets one leaves in the streets. Askals are very resilient compared to their pure-breed counterparts, who are less well adapted to the street dog life.

Askals are often more resilient and street-smart than purebreds, but unlike in other countries, mongrels are not popular house pets in the Philippines, although in the past few years Askals have become known to be good house pets. In the Philippines, these dogs are discriminated against in comparison with other purebred dogs.

Some of us would rather choose a pure-bred dog to pet. But these days’ askals are getting more attention now for having continuous heroic actions to protect their owner that made the Philippines proud.

One of the known hero askal dog is two year old dog, Kabang, from Zamboanga City, owned by the Bunggal family. She became famous for having saved two children from an oncoming motorcycle, but lost her face. The whole world was moved from what she did. Donations were given over 45 countries for the treatment surgery that she had in United States for eight months.

But we can never avoid dog bite incidents in our society.

Dr. Joji G. Jimenes, head of Infectious Disease Control Cluster in Center for Health Development Western Visayas: DOH, said that Iloilo has been in the top of the most pet incident in the year 2006 for having 26 victims. Fortunately, years have passed until the present time, there’s only one case of incident as of August 2013.

Center for Health Development Western Visayas: DOH

Rabies Vaccine

Rabies vaccine is a vaccine used to control rabies. Rabies can be prevented by vaccination, both in humans and other animals. It is unusual in that it is effective even when injected after infection by the virus, which usually is noticed.

Friday, August 16, 2013

THE Provincial Veterinary Office in Iloilo received Friday, 9,864 vials of anti-rabies vaccines from Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to support the province’s Accelerated Rabies Termination (ART) program.

The last batch of vaccines, which is worth P2 million, was in addition to the 3,000 vials the foundation previously gave last March.

Provincial veterinarian Dr. Silvino Teodosio Jr. said the vaccines should be immediately distributed to the 42 municipalities and one component city.

“We are expected to give out all of these vaccines today. We have already alerted all mayors in the province of its arrival,” he said.

Teodosio said all municipal agriculture technicians, with the help of their paravets, were tasked to renew their respective massive vaccination campaign throughout the province.

He also said there is a possibility of surpassing the 70 percent vaccination coverage this year.

Iloilo province has a total of 289,856 registered dogs, 70 percent (202,899) of which must be vaccinated to establish herd immunity.

The province was able to vaccinate 77.07 percent of its dog population in 2012, 91.66 percent in 2011 and 85.57 percent in 2010.

Teodosio said the foundation’s support to the province’s ART program helped lessen human rabies cases from 16 deaths in 2005 to only one this year.

The recent victim of rabies was a 14-year-old girl from a remote village in Passi City. (PR)

 

What is rabies?

Rabies is a dangerous and deadly disease. It is caused by a virus that came from the saliva of an animal, usually dogs or cats. This kind of disease goes to the victim’s brain with the infection of rabies.

How does rabies transfer to a human?

The usual way is when a human was bitten, scratched or infected wound, eyes or lips of an animal with rabies. A human with rabies can transfer to other humans if the victim’s saliva falls to the wound.

How to treat dog bites?

Clean well the infected wound using a soap and water. You can also wipe it with alcohol or betadine. Consult a doctor at once in order to inject the anti-rabies vaccine to the victim. Leash or cage them and observe for 10-14 days. Don’t try to kill the animal, it’s too dangerous.

How to avoid rabies?

You could take a vaccination before any incident could happened or what we cal pre exposure vaccination. Ask your doctor about this.

ANTI-RABIES ACT OF 2007: Republic Act 9482

AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE CONTROL AND ELIMINATION
OF HUMAN AND ANIMAL RABIES, PRESCRIBING
PENALTIES FOR VIOLATION THEREOF AND
APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR

Responsibilities of Pet Owner

  • Have their dog regularly vaccinated against rabies and maintain card which shall contain all vaccinations conducted their dog for accurate record purposes.
  • Submit their dog for mandatory registration.
  • Maintain control over their dog and not allow it to roam the streets or any public place without a leash.
  • Provide proper grooming, adequate food and clean shelter.
  • Within twenty-four (24) hours, report immediately any Dog biting incident to the Concerned Officials for investigation or for any appropriate action and place such Dog under observation by a government or private veterinarian.
  • Assist the Dog bite victim immediately and shoulder the medical expenses incurred and other incidental expenses relative to the victim’s injuries.

Penalties

  • Pet Owners who fail or refuse to have their Dog registered and immunized against Rabies shall be punished by a fine of Two thousand pesos (₱ 2,000.00).
  • Pet Owners who refuse to have their Dog vaccinated against Rabies shall be liable to pay for the vaccination of both the Dog and the individuals Bitten by their Dog.
  • Pet Owners who refuse to have their Dog put under observation after said Dog has Bitten as individual shall be meted a fine of Ten thousand pesos (P 10,000.00).
  • Pet Owners who refuse to have their Dog put under observation and do not shoulder the medical expenses of the person bitten by their Dog shall be meted a fine of Twenty-five thousand pesos (P25,000.00).

Pet Owners who refuse to put leash on their Dogs when they are brought outside the house shall be meted a fine of Five hundred pesos (P500.00) for each incident.

  • An impounded Dog shall be released to ts Owner upon payment of a fine of not less than Five hundred pesos (P500.00) but not more than One thousand pesos (P1,000.00).
  • Any person found guilty of trading Dog for meat shall be not less than Five thousand pesos, (P5,000.00) per Dog an subjected to imprisonment for one to four years.
  • Any person found guilty of using electrocution as a method of euthanasia shall be fines not less than Five thousand pesos (P5,000.00) per act and subject to imprisonment for one to four years.
  • If the violation is committed by an alien, he or she shall be immediately deported after service of sentence without any further proceedings.

WHAT CAN I DO TO HELP PREVENT THE SREAD OF RABIES?

  • Get your dog vaccinated and keep him vaccination up to date. This is important not only to keep your pet from getting rabies, but also to provide a barrier of protection to you if your animal is bitten by a rabid animal.
  • Keep your pets under direct supervision so they do not come in contact with rabid or wild animals. If unvaccinated and could be infected by disease.
  • Spay or neuter your pets to reduce the number of unwanted animals that may not be properly cared for or vaccinated regularly.
  • Avoid direct contact with unfamiliar animals. So not handle, feed or unintentionally attract rabid or wild animals.
  • Never adopt wild and stray animals or bring them into your home. Do not try to nurse sick animals to health.
  • Teach shildern that they should never handle unfamiliar animals, wild or domestic, even they appear friendly.

ANIMAL BITE TREATMENT CENTERS:

 

AKLAN

RAFAEL S. TUMBOKON MEM’L HOSPITAL

 

ANTIQUE

ANGEL SALAZAR MEM’L HOSPITAL

CULASI DISTRICT HOSPITAL

 

CAPIZ

MAMBUSAO DISTRICT HOSPITAL

ROXAS MEM’L PROOVINCIAL HOSPITLA

ROXAS CITY HEALTH OFFICE

 

ILOILO

ALEOSAN DISTRICT HOSPITAL

BAROTAC VIEJO DISTRICT HOSPITAL

DR. RICARDO Y. LADRIDO MEM’L DISTRICT HOSPITLA

DR. RICARDO PROVIDO MEM’L DISTRICT HOSPITAL

DUMANGAS DISTRICT HOSPITAL

FEDERICO RAMON TIRADOR SR. MEM’L HOSPITAL

ILOILO CITY HEALTH OFFICE

ILOILO PROVINCIAL HOSPITAL

PASSI CITY HEALTH UNIT

PASSI DISTRICT HOSPITAL

RAMON TABIANA MEM’L DISTRICT HOSPITAL

REP. PEDRO TRONO MEM’L DISTRICT HOSPITAL

SARA DISTRICT HOSPITAL

WESTERN VISAYAS MEDICAL CENTER

 

NEGROS OCCIDENTAL

BACOLOD CITY HEALTH OFFICE

BAGO CITY HEALTH OFFICE

CADIZ CITY HEALTH OFFICE

ESCALANTE CITY HEALTH OFFICE

HIMAMAYLAN CITY HEALTH OFFICE

LA CARLOTA CITY HEALTH OFFICE

KABANKALAN CITY HEALTH OFFICE

SAGAY CITY HEALTH OFFICE

SAN CARLOS CITY HEALTH OFFICE

SILAY CITY HEALTH OFFFICE

SIPALAY CITY HEALTH OFFICE

TALISAY CITY HEALTH OFFICE

DR. JOSE LOCSIN MEM’L HOSPITAL

ESCALANTE DISTRICT HOSPITAL

KABANKALAN DISTRICT HOSPITAL

DON SALVADOR BENEDICTO MEM’L HOSPITAL

 

GUIMARAS

GUIMARAS PROVINCIAL HOSPITAL

 

 Infectious Disease Control Cluster

References:

Center for Health Development Western Visayas: DOH

Sun Star Iloilo –http://50.28.66.108/iloilo/local-news/2013/08/16/anti-rabies-vaccines-arrive-iloilo-298198

Wikipedia

ANTI-RABIES ACT OF 2007: Republic Act 9482- http://www.senate.gov.ph/republic_acts/ra%209482.pdf