Pineapple Really Improves Fertility?

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photo by: crunchyhealthy.com

Pineapple Ananas comosus(scientific name), also known as ‚ÄúPinya‚ÄĚ, is a delicious tropical collective fruit (a cluster of flowers mature into a single mass that produces into a fruit). That‚Äôs belongs into one of Bromeliacea family which consist of have one healthy and important compound called bromelain enzyme that was used for medical and culinary purposes.In addition pineapple juice which can be found in tropical countries has many byproducts, have been created through innovation of time from pineapple. It does not only limit its wide array in cuisines but byproduct¬† from this fruit may include many beverages such as ‚Äúpi√Īacolada‚ÄĚ as one of the main ingredient use in cocktails also vinegar’s and wines. Pineapples is also use as fiber material in ¬†textile manufacturing for Barong Tagalog and Baro‚ÄôtSaya, commonly known as pi√Īa¬†that can be found here at the Philippines.

According to Megan Ware in her written article titled Pineapple Health Benefits, Recipes, Health Risks, that consumption of antioxidant-rich diets have been shown to improve fertility. Since free radicals can damage the reproductive system, foods with high antioxidant activity like pineapples that battle free radicals are recommended for those trying to conceive. The antioxidants in pineapple such as vitamins C, beta-carotene and the vitamins and minerals and copper, zinc and folate have properties that affect both male and female fertility.Moreover, fruits that contain bromelain enzymes like pineapple helps reduces or fight inflammation in the body, including in the uterus. It is also a mild blood thinner which some believe can aid in implantation. But take note that many doctors prescribe baby aspirin, a blood thinner, to help with implantation.  In addition humans implantation is the very early stage of pregnancy at which the product of conception at any point between fertilization and birth adheres to the wall of the uterus.

Another written article from Ashley Bravo entitled Does Pineapple Increase Fertility, tells that the common beliefs of women  regarding  about pineapple is that it helps with the implantation process when in  becoming pregnant. However, there is no scientific proof in this belief. On the other hand, men can also helped in regards to fertility by eating an increased amount of Vitamins C. This has been shown to help with the quality of their sperm and is especially helpful for men who are heavy smokers. While it is best to avoid smoking altogether when you are trying to conceive, adding vitamin C to your diet can help if you continue to do so. In some studies according to pineapple can also help with fertility because it is a common source of pregnancy. Adding it to your diet can help to allow you to lose weight, which can hinder your ability to become pregnant. So, while pineapple doesn’t have any direct ties to fertility, it can definitely be something that will help in a number of other ways.

On the other hand  the truth behind  that eating pineapple gives a great deal of Vitamin C it helps women to become pregnant. Vitamin C helps fight the symptoms like PCOS, (Poly cystic Ovary Syndrome РSymptoms) that one of the common symptoms of this PCOS is having an irregular periods or no periods at all that leads to a difficulty  of getting pregnant, it is because of irregular ovulation or failure to ovulate.

Source:

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/276903.php

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pineapple

http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=34

http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Polycystic-ovarian-syndrome/…/Symptoms.aspx

http://www.fertilityafter40.com/9-fertility-wonder-foods-separating-myth-from-fact-to-get-pregnant-faster-naturally.html#sthash.QBFOtTJg.dpuf

http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=34

http://pregnancytips.org/getting-pregnant/fertility/does-pineapple-increase-fertility/

http://www.nutrition-and-you.com/pineapple.html

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Carrots (Daucus Carota) as Cancer-Risk Reduction

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Carrots are considered to be one of the most important cultivated vegetable crops in history. They have been providing nutrients to populations for thousands of years, with records showing that the first modern-day carrot varieties were consumed around the 10th Century in parts of the Middle East and Asia.

Daucus carota scientific term for Carrots is a bienial and bears flower and it can grow from 2 inches to 3 feet in length. In terms of its nutrients and vitamins it contain a beta-carotenes, carotenes is the source of vitamin A, which is is very important for the fully growth and healing of the body tissues. Also Carrots have a Potassium, Thiamin, Folic acid, Magnesium, Falcarium and Luteonil that needed of our body to reduce or to prevent cancer cells.

BEBEFITS OF CARROTS

1.  Improves vision

Carrots are rich in beta-carotene, which is converted into vitamin A in the liver. Vitamin A is transformed in the retina, to rhodopsin, a purple pigment necessary for night vision.

2.  Helps prevent cancer

carrots reduce the risk of lung cancer, breast cancer and colon cancer. Researchers have just discovered falcarinol and falcarindiol which they feel cause the anticancer properties.

3.  Slows down aging 
The high level of beta-carotene acts as an antioxidant to cell damage done to the body through regular metabolism.  It help slows down the aging of cells.

4.  Promotes healthier skin 
Vitamin A and antioxidants protects the skin from sun damage. Deficiencies of vitamin A cause dryness to the skin, hair and nails. Vitamin A prevents premature wrinkling, acne, dry skin, pigmentation, blemishes, and uneven skin tone.

5.  Helps prevent infection 
Carrots are known by herbalists to prevent infection. They can be used on cuts ‚Äď shredded raw or boiled and mashed.

6.  Promotes healthier skin (from the outside) 
Carrots are used as an inexpensive and very convenient facial mask.  Just mix grated carrot with a bit of honey.

7.  Prevents heart disease
Studies show that diets high in carotenoids are associated with a lower risk of heart disease.  Carrots have not only beta-carotene but also alpha-carotene and lutein.

The regular consumption of carrots also reduces cholesterol levels because the soluble fibers in carrots bind with bile acids.

8.  Cleanses the body
Vitamin A assists the liver in flushing out the toxins from the body. It reduces the bile and fat in the liver. The fibers present in carrots help clean out the colon and hasten waste movement.

9.  Protects teeth and gums
Carrots clean your teeth and mouth. They scrape off plaque and food particles just like toothbrushes or toothpaste.  Carrots stimulate gums and  trigger a lot of saliva, which being alkaline, balances out the acid-forming, cavity-forming bacteria.  The minerals in carrots prevent tooth damage.

10.  Prevents stroke
From all the above benefits it is no surprise that in a Harvard University study, people who ate more than six carrots a week are less likely to suffer a stroke than those who ate only one carrot a month or less.

Bright orange carrots are rich in nutrients, inexpensive, and easy to find in the fresh produce section of your grocery store. They’re rich in vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants that are good for your health, and it’s possible that eating carrots may help to prevent cancer.

In research studies performed in labs, rats fed either raw carrots or even just falcarinol — an antioxidant extracted from carrots — demonstrated a delay in the growth of colon tumors.¬†Carrots contain beta-carotene, which is an antioxidant and a pre-cursor used to make vitamin A in your body, and carotenoidrelatives like zeaxanthin and lutein. Eating a diet rich in these antioxidants¬†may help to reduce your risk of cancer by preventing damage to the healthy cells of your body.

References:

http://curingcancerwithcarrots.com/author/

http://www.nutrition-and-you.com/carrots.html

http://www.ehow.com/about_5499722_characteristics-carrot-plant.html

http://www.care2.com/greenliving/10-benefits-of-carrots.html

http://nutrition.about.com/od/healthyfood1/a/carrotscancer.htm

http://draxe.com/carrot-juice/

Akapulko ( Cassia alata ), Herbal Medicine For Skin Disease

“A garden requires patient labor and attention. Plants do not grow merely to satisfy ambitions or to fulfill good intentions. They thrive because someone expended effort on them.” – Liberty Hyde Bailey. As what this quote has stated, many of least important creatures are disregarded without knowing that God has created it with a purpose. One of which is the Akapulko plant.

alkapulko

Akapulko is an erect, shrubby legume with dark green compound leaves. Akapulko leaves have orange rachis that has 16-28 leaflets. Akapulko produces an axis of golden yellow flowers that has 4-winged pods containing 50-60 flattened, triangular seeds. Akapulko flowers are enclosed by yellow-orange bracts that are later shed in time. (MedicalHealthGuide.com)

The akapulko plant is a shrub that grows wild in the tropical climate of the Philippines and is often used as a herbal medicine for skin diseases. It is used as medicine for skin diseases because the leaves contain chrysophanic acid, a fungicide that is used to treat fungal infections, like ringworms, scabies and eczema. The common ingredient in soaps, shampoos and lotions in the Philippines is the Akapulko plant because of its anti-fungal properties. The Philippine Council for Health Research and Development (PCHRD) has helped develop the technology for a akapulko herbal medicine lotion.

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Preparation Of Akapulko Herbal Ointment
To prepare an Akapulko herbal ointment prepare and follow these instructions.

1. Wash fresh leaves of Akapulko thoroughly and cut in small pieces.
2. Add one glass of cooking oil or coconut oil to one glass of cut fresh leaves.
3. Fry until crispy.
4. Remove from the heat; strain.
5. Cut 2 white candles (Esperma No. 5) into small pieces
6. In a cooking pot, pour the strained oil together with the candle pieces; stir until the candle has melted.
7. Pour the mixture into a clean container; cover when cool.
8. Apply the Akapulko herbal ointment to affected areas twice daily.
(Source: <www.doh.gov.ph/pitahc)

References:

http://www.medicalhealthguide.com/articles/akapulko1.htm

https://www.google.com.ph/search?q=akapulko+ointment&es_sm=93&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAWoVChMIy57Imoz7xgIVkX6ICh3BBAw3&biw=1024&bih=634#imgrc=vF5fAwJtkDRwBM%3A

Carabao Grass and Physic Nut Extracts as Mung Beans Growth Suppressor

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Credits to the Owner Retrieved from Google Images

Grass is found in abundance in open waste places and settled areas, about towns, along trails, streams throughout the Philippines. Carabao grass is a vigorous, creeping perennial with long stolons rooting at nodes. Its leaf-sheath is strongly compressed.

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Credits to the Owner Retrieved from Google Images

Physic nut plant is a small tree or shrub with smooth gray bark, which exudes whitish colored, watery, latex when cut. Ethanol, methanol and water extracts of stem bark of Physic nut were investigated for antimicrobial activity. All the extracts exhibited antimicrobial activities and appreciable activity against all fungal species tested.

Mung beans are in the Legume family of plants. Like other types of seeds, mung beans contain small life-support systems that provide the initial nutrition for early growth. However, once the seed begins to sprout and deplete this small storage of nutrients, it requires suitable soil to encourage continued growth.

Chemicals released from plants and imposing suppression influences are termed allelochemicals or allelochemics. Most allelochemicals are classified as secondary metabolites and are produced as offshoots of the primary metabolic pathways of the plant. Suppression inhibition is complex and is involved by the interaction of many different chemicals with mixtures of different compounds that sometimes have greater suppression effect than individual compounds alone.

Twelve compounds were identified, with two additional compounds that acts as suppressor on plants or what is referred as allelochemicals  can be found on the extracts of carabao grass and physic nuts.

Although derived from plants, allelochemicals may be more biodegradable than traditional herbicides but may also have undesirable effects on non-target species, necessitating ecological studies before widespread use.

The study (entitled: The Allelopathic Interference of Carabao Grass (Paspalum conjagatum Brgius) and Physic Nut Leaves (Jatropha curcas L.) Extracts on Germination of Mung Beans) was conducted at the Western Visayas College of Science and Technology, La Paz, Iloilo City last summer 2013 by the researcher named Ma. Lynmar Malones. It aims to determine the effect of carabao grass and physic nut extracts as suppressor on the growth of mung beans.

The Carabao Grass and Physic Nut extracts using 100% concentration was proven to be an effective suppressor against the growth of mung beans. Carabao Grass and Physic Nut extracts can be used as herbicides in plants to contribute to the weakening of the growth of plants and can lead to withering.

With the use of carabao grass and physic nut extracts, plant growers could get rid of weeds without spending too much on buying expensive herbicides that usually contains active ingredients that can cause harm to human health.

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Photo by: Ma. Lynmar Malones

Procedures in making the concentration of carabao grass and physic nut extracts:

  • Separately and thoroughly wash the carabao grass and physic nut leaves with tap water
  • Set aside the same amount of carabao grass and physic nut leaves
  • Blend the carabao grass and physic nut leaves in a blender and transfer the product in a clean container
  • The mixture passed through a fine meshed screen to separate the solids from the liquid.

Reference:

http://www.stuartxchange.org/Laua-Laua.html
http://www.svlele.com/jatropha-plant.html
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs186
Malones, M.L. (2014). The Allelopathic Interference of Carabao Grass (Paspalum conjagatum Brgius) and Physic Nut Leaves (Jatropha curcas L.) Extracts on Germination of Mung Beans. INHS-SSC Research.

‚ÄúCAMOTE: A TYPHOON RESILIENT CROP‚ÄĚ

‚ÄúCAMOTE: A TYPHOON RESILIENT CROP‚ÄĚ

Did you know that Philippines is a country wherein it experience more than 20 typhoons a year? Did you know that it is rich in natural resources? And one example of thi is the camote.

The food production is highly affected through the ever changing climate                which creates extreme effect specifically in agriculture; some main effects could be addressed primarily through the change of patterns, soil nutrients, temperature, and also the visibility of pest and other diseases.

The Tarlac College of Agriculture ventures and participates through the development of technologies and the testing of crops across some location. In order to identify specific crops which suites for commercial products one of the resilient crop varieties is the camote.

So what makes the sweet potato a very resilient tuber crop, humble one and underutilized in securing food for people which specifically during calamities here in the Philippines which are prone to typhoon?

Ipomoea ¬†Batatas, is a scientific name of sweet potato a dicotyledonous plant belongs to the family of Convolvulaceae. According to PIA (Philippine Information Agency), Alvin Abejuela being a Chairman on Agriculture in the province of Samar convinced the farmers of Balente, Roxas to marginally eat rice and instead substitute camote to it. Also, he encouraged the people to change and decide their eating lifestyle. Abejuela added ‚Äúone bowl of cooked rice is a caloric equal of ten teaspoons of sugar. This does not matter whether it is white, brown or herbal rice‚ÄĚ. To ensure a whole year supply, farmers where taught to establish a calendar for planting camote. As a starter the farmers where task and produce camote for their immediate community.

Our country is a good place for growing camote, since it grows throughout the tropical and warm temperate region. Camote is very resilient crop especially during calamities for the reason that there’s a possibility that the prizes in the market will rise up and the camote is cheaper and more convenient for the people. In that state we prefer to be more practical because we are experiencing shortage of food supplies especially the prize of rice will rise. Sufficient water and little attention are needed to successfully grow the crop. Camote is also good for our cardiovascular health; it also consists of Vitamin A which the human body required for integrity of skin and mucus membranes. In addition, the camote are very essential for protein and carbohydrate metabolism that has good amount of vital minerals that is rich in iron, calcium, manganese, potassium and magnesium. As stated of the local legislator, camote is effective on losing weight and having a firmer skin.

Camote is also called the Musical Fruit. Due to the presence of trisaccharide the crop eaten does not undergo the usual process of digestion. When eating the musical fruit, you will toot!

 

Sources:

https://ccafs.cgiars.org/blog/sweetpotato-gives-hope-ensuring-climate-smart-food-systems-livelihoods-and-resilience#.VbZC_pUayc1

http://www.science.ph/full_story.php?type=News&key+12282:research-hails-camote-as-a-healthy-food-and-as-a-typhoon-resilient-crop

http://www.tca.edu.ph/index.php/2013-08-16-04-01-19/research-development/climate-resilient-crops

Coconut Sugar: A natural alternative sugar for Diabetes

Coconut is very well known as a “Tree of Life” for its has many functions from roots to leaves. It provides nutritious foods from its meat and juice. It is also highly nutritious in fiber, vitamins and minerals. One of its alternative product is coconut sugar.

 

Authority Nutrition

photo by: Authority Nutrition

manong

For how many years, coconut sugar has been used as a traditional sweeter that derived from natural ingredients. Coco sugar is a naturally processed sugar called toddy that comes from coco palm or sap, which is a fluid containing mineral salt and sugar that circulates through the tissues of plants. Each coconut tree can yield 1-3 liters per day.

Coco sugar comes in a crystal or granule form, block of liquid after it is boiled under the moderate heat. Its taste and flavor is more likely to brown sugar but with a slightly taste of a caramel. However, since the coconut sugar is naturally processed or not highly processed, the color, taste, and the sweetness will depends on its species likewise where it was harvested.

The Department of Agriculture, Philippine Coconut Authority reported that Glycemic Index (GI) of coconut sugar is measured to be 35 and classified as low in glycemic index food. Glycemic Index is the classification of food based on the blood glucose response of a food relative to a starchy food or also known as glucose solution, white bread for instance.

Moreover, it is an alternative sugar for a synthetic sugar; so a promising sugar for Diabetes. It contain Inulin which slows glucose absorption though it has less moisture compared to synthetic sugar. It has a lot of benefits like:

1. Helps treat high blood pressure.

2. Relieve the pressure of diabetes, high cholesterol, and obesity.

3. Reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease

. 4. Provide amino acid and minerals.

5. All natural that has a same quantity of white sugar.

6. It contain low glycemic index.

However, sugar in a broad sense is unhealthy for it has fructose. Fructose is an extremely sweet sugar occurring mostly in honey and fruits (Websters Dictionary, 4th Edition).

Too much eating of sugar can cause metabolic syndromes, obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. some research study states that they did not believe that coconut sugar is a better substitute for synthetic sugar that until now researchers still studying about it. Therefore, coco sugar is slightly less bad that regular sugar.

According to Business Diary, coconut sugar should do these steps:

a) Boil coconut sap to evaporate the water under moderate heat with occasional stirring until sap thickens at 115o

b) Remove from the flame when it begins to become very sticky.

c) Continue mixing until it becomes granular.

d) Air dry the brown sugar before packing. The pH of coconut sap should be at a level greater than or equal to 6 to ensure successful production of granulated coconut sugar.

One kg of coconut sap sugar can be derived from 2 gallons or 7-8 liters of sweet fresh coconut sap. Coconut sugar is mostly used for cooking desserts and curries and some for raw material of food industries (e.g., confectionery).

References:

http://businessdiary.com.ph/1199/how-to-make-coconut-sap-juice-coconut-honey-and-coconut-sugar/

http://authoritynutrition.com/coconut-sugar/pdf-

http://www.pca.da.gov.ph/coconutrde/images/sugarpdfs/TPTrinidad_FNRI.pdf

http://www.coconutresearchcenter.org/

Banana Peels: Use as a Replacement of Traditional Petroleum Based Plastic

By: Nikka Domini P. Pameroyan

Plastics which we are using today are not Eco-friendly and not safe. The government has been implementing laws which states to minimize the use of plastics so that we could restore the cleanliness of our environment as well as to stop the tearing of our ozone layer and to have a fresh atmosphere. Pollution is one of the causes why people get these different diseases. Plastics have a contribution to the Pollution, since the traditional plastics which are petroleum based are non-biodegradable. It is also one of the causes why floods happen because of the clogged drainage systems which are caused by plastics. Although plastics have a great contribution and help to mankind, it also can harm and affect the environment and the health of the people living in it.

Science has made its way to somehow minimize the causes of pollution and to have a Greener and Cleaner environment, introducing the Bio-Plastics which compose of the main ingredient used in the project: Banana Peels.

Banana_Peel_for_Healthy_SkinSince Bananas contains starch, it possesses the characteristic of being able to absorb humidity and it is also used by packaging drug capsules in the pharmaceutical sector. Some bio-plastics are made of other ingredients like vegetable fats, corn, peas and potatoes which also contains starches. Some bio-plastics are designed to be biodegradable.

This Bio-plastic project was made by an 18 year-old teenager, Elif Bilgin from Istanbul Turkey. Winner of the 2013 $50,000 Science in Action award, part of the third annual Google Science Fair.

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What drives her in making this project is that “the bio-plastic is such a new concept and its range of use has been widening ever since it has been discovered (especially in the 21st century). The bio-plastic is a material which has the potential of causing a biological reform by means of reducing the amount of pollution caused by other plastic materials which contain petroleum derivatives.¬†The banana peel is something we we throw away every day, but little do we know, it has much more efficient uses. For example, in Thailand, 200 tons of banana peels are thrown away daily and this number increases each year (Pangnakorn, 2006) and in the fruit industry, banana peels make up around 30-40g per 100g of the total revenue. All those peels may be put into much more use.¬†The banana fruit‚Äôs peel was selected for this experiment because it is a waste material rich of starch.” (Elif Bilgin)

Since bananas are rich in starch, She explained that the starch and cellulose present in banana peels are a possible replacement for traditional petroleum based plastic. According to The Packaging Bulletin Magazine’s January issue, it is a proven fact that starch and cellulose are important raw materials used in the bioplastic industry (Packaging Bulletin, 2009).

The making: Similarly sized bananas with no bruises on the skin to ensure that the experimental process is fair. She dipped the bananas in a solution and different concentrations to produce banana paste. After dipping in a solution, it was boiled for 30 minutes. Drying the peels she then added again another mixture and placed it in the oven at 130¬įC. It was baked for half an hour. After 12 attempts and pilot experiments, 2 of these following experiments were selected and repeated for four times.

According to one of her experiments, 4N ( 4 newton) pulling force on the plastic from the opposite sides showed no change in strength and there was no decay in the plastic after 30 days, therefore the making of the bio-plastic is successfully made.

“This project is so easy that you can actually made it yourself right in your homes” says Elif. By using this innovation, we can make a cleaner and greener environment. The advantages of these are: the plastics are renewable, less energy to produce, easier to recycle, non toxic and it is biodegradable.

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Some companies and brands here in the Philippines are using bio-plastics materials in their products example is the Orocan. They are known for the durability of their products. I also found some articles and videos which teaches you how to make your own bio-plastics using different raw materials simply like water, starch, glycerin and vinegar.

Making these bio-plastics can really help minimize the pollution on our environment. Imagine the world replacing all petroleum based plastics to bio-plastics.

 

References:

Projects.juliantrubin.com

foodproductiondaily.com

GoogleScienceFair.com/Projects

KABSAKA: A Mutiple Cropping Method in Sta.Barbara, Iloilo

¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† One of the important drivers of the economy in the Philippines is agriculture due to the fact that more than one-third of the country’s nearly 90 million people depend on agriculture and fishing for a living.

In developing countries, farmers often cannot afford seed to plant the crops that would provide for their families. Craftsmen lack the means to pay for the tools to ply their trade and others have no land, water and education to lay the foundations for a secure future. The poverty-stricken do not have enough money to buy or produce enough food for themselves and their families. Hence, they tend to be weaker and cannot produce enough to buy more food. Indeed, the poor are hungry and their hunger traps them in poverty.

           Agriculture provides food because of the best suited soil for root crops, such as; rice, corn, potatoes, mangoes, pineapples, coconuts, bananas and etc., in the Philippines. In fact, the nation is one of the largest importers of rice in the world, leaving it particularly vulnerable to high and volatile rice price. Traditional agricultural practices with small landholdings have limited the productions and earnings capacities of farms due to the scarcity of agricultural areas, high cost of irrigation and most especially, food shortage in different areas in Western Visayas. Hence, agriculturists looked for other agricultural interventions toward the issue to be rectified. Thus, a promising alternative solution of this issue is multiple cropping method on rain fed lowland farms.

Multiple cropping is the intensification of land use by increasing the numbers of crops grown on the same piece of land through efficient and timely utilization of farm resources, such as; a.) fertilizers, b.) chemicals, c.) new methods/technologies in farming and d.) farm household labor. The idea of multiple cropping is to increase farming productivity, farming profitability, and farming income through KABSAKA (Kabusugan sa Kaumahan) technology that was initiated by the National Food and Agricultural Council (NFAC) in 1971. Expanding the utility of KABSAKA is to include the latest advances in rice production technology.  Also, to showcase a double rice crop and an upland crop in a year for a rain fed environment.

mail.google.com.jpeg4 In 1974, the Bureau of Agricultural Extension (BAEx) in collaboration with the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) and the Philippines Council for Agricultural and Resources Research (PCCAR) stated a series of pilot test sites in Sta. Barbara, Iloilo, with the goal of establishing a pattern of multiple cropping method in rice areas which depend on rain for water requirements. The pattern was found satisfactory in terms of productivity levels in rice production with a rice-upland or vegetables pattern. Furthermore, the fist rice crop was dry-seeded before the onset of the monsoon season in late April or early May, the second crop was a wet-seeded rice in early September, and the third crop was an upland crop of vegetables (preferably mongo beans, eggplant, tomato, or watermelon) for planting in December or January when the soil exhibits a sufficient amount of moisture to warrant crop growth. The third crop was something that had not been practices before. Hence, farmers were able to gain extra income and food supply for their families.

In November 1976, the Iloilo Pilot Extension Project, created a code-named KABSAKA (Kabusugan sa Kaumahan, it means ‚Äúbounty on the farm‚ÄĚ) was started in Sta. Barbara, particularly in Brgy. Calaboa este. They were able to come up with a certain organization with a fifty initial members covering 89 hectares through the auspices of IRRI and PCARR. These people undergone training at the University of the Philippines at Los Ba√Īos and IRRI.

August 28, 2013, we went to Sta. Barbara to visit the first place in Iloilo that experienced and still continuing the multiple cropping method in farming. Sta. Barbara is located in the centermost part of Iloilo and it is 12-kilometer or 20 minutes drive north from the city of Iloilo. It is accessible by both land and rail transportation. This place has a thick soil, fertile and suitable for raising newly kinds of agricultural products. There are no commercial forests, brush lands, open land, marsh or swamps within the municipality and ninety-five percent of the town’s land is cultivated. Sta. Barbara has consistently maintained its position as the main food-producing center in the province and ranked first in vegetable production.

According to Mrs. Waling Waling Terania, head of the Municipality of Agriculture said, that Sta.Barbara has an abundant agricultural areas and that is why the place was chosen to be a pilot site for multiple cropping in Western Visayas. Particularly, in Brgy. Tigtigan and Caloboa este started the multiple cropping and it is a World Bank funded, eventually it was spread to other 7 barangays in Sta. Barbara. The main reason for having this technology is to alleviate poverty and to improve farming method.

mail.google.com.jpeg1She also reiterated that the population is increasing but the agricultural areas and productivity are decreasing, thus they embrace the new method of farming which is multiple cropping. Multiple cropping is a farming method where by farmers will plant different crops on the same piece of land before the onset of rainy season. She mentioned that early planting would provide early production because they could harvest their crops earlier than the other farmers.  A lot of different crops are being planted on the same piece of land that based on the location to make sure that the crops are suitable to the soil. In that way, farmers would be able to sell their agricultural products in a higher amount because of early production.

Mrs. Terania and the current members of KABSAKA are conducting seminars/ training and disseminate salient information about the multiple cropping through printed and broadcast materials. They always update the farmers in Sta. Barbara so that they would improve their farming method, especially to those who are not yet in farming industry because they could really find a livelihood from these different strategies in farming. In rural areas, productive agricultural areas are limited because people depend on the food grown by farmers; it means that if a framer cannot plant more crops; is equivalent to less food and people will go hungry.

mail.google.com.jpeg2           Indeed, role of education in farming is important to have the latest information on how to grow food efficiently and economically. It is important to be knowledgeable of the new techniques and technologies because change is constant in this world. The traditional agricultural practices may diminish as we approaching the modern agricultural world. They are proud of the multiple cropping method due to the fact that it could easily combat food shortage and unemployment since all people in all walks of life are welcome to be a part of KABSAKA farmers.

As she said, ‚Äúang mga tawo gabata apang ang mga tanum kag talamnan wala gid kong indi paghatagan sang pagtamod‚ÄĚ, from this statement they wanted to awaken the minds of the people, especially in rural areas that Iloilo has an abundant natural resources that we need to utilize and maximize through articulating new strategies or methods to develop and share it with other people. A progressive agricultural society could support other sectors of the economy like manufacturing, trade and services by supplying the needed raw materials, hence when a country aim of industrialization, it needs to widen and improve its agricultural production– one of the goals of multiple cropping.

But expanding production alone is not enough to develop the agricultural society, because we have to remember that country’s population should be considered and their services. Through this, it would be more vibrant exchange between productive society that would take place and progress in both urban and rural areas. This discussion was ended with a genuine smile from the head of the Municipality of Agriculture in Sta. Barbara because they were able to contribute an idea that was turned into a reality through KABSAKA: A Multiple Cropping Method, this is a big change in farming industry. With this method, KABSAKA farmers have to make use of multiple propounded by the technicians that brings a positive changes in farm input usage, cropping pattern and intensity in production and productivity levels which would bring farm income growth.

Many of today’s developed economies first strove to strengthen their agricultural sectors. Agriculture has an important role in the overall objective and effort to rectify economic issues. The different agricultural ideas are resulted in significant advancements in the people’s knowledge and understanding the essence of environment. Alongside efforts to expand production, it is necessary to improve people’s condition in order to strengthen their capacity as consumers and producers because in making decisions with regard to the benefit, both parties are important to be more productive in economic perspective.

People would be able to develop other capabilities to further improve their lives and eventually resulted to the invention of different farming strategies and tools that could help to do their task efficiently and effectively. Indeed, it is always say that agriculture is the basis for the development of the country.

References:

Farming Benefits. Retrieved August 31,2013 from http://www.fao.org/isfp/country-information/philippines/en/

Importance of Agriculture.Retrieved August 31,2013 from http://pulse101.hubpages.com/hub/The-Importance-of-Agriculture-to-the-Philippine-Economy

Valenciano, Alexander Q.; An Impact Assessment Report On Multiple-Cropping    Project (KABSAKA) Sta. Barbara, Iloilo