ARTEMISIA GOOD FOR DYSMENNORRHEA TREATMENT

Have you ever been suffering from menstrual pain? or Looking for dysmenorrhea treatment? Try Artemisia an herbal that is good for dysmennorhea and can treat numerous body disorders.

ORIGIN AND DESCRIPTION

Artemisia (artemisia tridente) refferred to as wormwood and sagebrush.This herbs are commonly called Artamisa in hiligaynon. In greek methology, Artemisia bears the name of the goddess Artemis known as Diana in Roman dietes. This plant belongs to the daisy family Asteraceae and the kingdom Plantae. It grows in a temperate climate and dry environment. The leaves are grayish-green color and covered with small silky hairs. It has an aromatic scent but a bitter taste. Flowers are  small and has a yellow color. The leaves and roots are the most commonly used parts of the Artemisia herb. It can be dried and used in a differrent preparations.

USES OF ARTEMISIA

Artemisia plant can be used in differrent preparations

CULINARY USES

Artemisia can be use as seasoning for its aromatic taste and can also be use in preparing differrent alcoholic beverages.In French, leaves of artemisia can be use to flavor poultry dishes and can make vinegar called tarragon vinegar.

HOUSEHOLD USES

Artemisia can also be use in your own houses. It releases fresh nd aromatic smell because of its camphor-like aroma that is use as an air freshener. The Artemisia twigs or branches can keep away insects and protect your cloths moths. It has also disinfectant that can use as a floor wash and can kill germs.

MEDICINAL USES

Artemisia can be a remedy to a different body disorders because of its substance that contains tonic, anti-septic, and anti-fungal properties. It can be used to prevent wound infections, stop internal bleding, and can also treat headaches and colds. Artemisia leaves can also cure digestive disorders and sore eyes.

HEALTH BENEFITS AND HEALING PROPERTIES

MALARIA

Many studies shows that artemisia can effectively cure malaria. In this reason, NGO’s and IGO’s give artemisia tea bags to countries where malaria is constant.

SKIN PROBLEMS

Artemisia Plant has anti-inflammatory properties that can cure bruises, itches,and swellings. It can also be a solution to your skin problems because it can make skin ointment and anti-septic to prevent infections.

DIGESTIVE DISORDERS

Artemisia herb are also effective in treating digestive disorders like stomach ache, constipation, abdominal pains, diarhea, and parasitic infections. It was proved that are artemisia can help expel worms ans other parasites from digestive tracts. It can also help improve your digestion and revitalize your appetite.

MENSTRUAL PAINS

Artemisia tea has anti-inflammatory properties that can help relieve menstrual pains.

HOW TO PREPARE ARTEMISIA

artemisia tea photo by: www.theapricity.com

artemisia tea photo by: http://www.theapricity.com

In preparing an artemisia tea you must dry the artemisia leaves and boiled it or you can buy an artemisia tea bags in a nearby herbal store. You can also mixed the artemisia leaves and roots then boiled it.

PREVENTIONS AND SIDE-EFFECTS

Like any other herbs, artemisia has also side-effects if taken inappropriately.

Avoid using Artemisia if you are allergic to herbs belonging to the daisy family.

A diabetec person must prevent from taking Artemisia because it might react with its medication.

According to the article that I’ve read, Michael Moore states that, ” considering the highly reactive state of pregnancy and the fact that fetal growth is a template that can manifest pharmacokinetics very differrently than adults”, it is not advisable to take Artemisia during pregnancy and lactation.

REMEMBER, it is better to seek the advice of your physician before taking Artemisia or any treatment to make sure it is suitable for you.

 

 

Source:

http://www.liveandfeel.com/articles/looking-for-a-menstrual-pain-treatment-try-artemisia-3185

http://www.herbsociety.org/herbs/documents/ArtemisiaFactsheet.pdf

http://www.stuartxchange.com/Tarragon.html

http://pharmacyinformatics2014-csab.blogspot.com/2014/07/introduction-artemisia-plant-common.html

http://www.theapricity.com

 

Pineapple Really Improves Fertility?

Featured image

photo by: crunchyhealthy.com

Pineapple Ananas comosus(scientific name), also known as “Pinya”, is a delicious tropical collective fruit (a cluster of flowers mature into a single mass that produces into a fruit). That’s belongs into one of Bromeliacea family which consist of have one healthy and important compound called bromelain enzyme that was used for medical and culinary purposes.In addition pineapple juice which can be found in tropical countries has many byproducts, have been created through innovation of time from pineapple. It does not only limit its wide array in cuisines but byproduct  from this fruit may include many beverages such as “piñacolada” as one of the main ingredient use in cocktails also vinegar’s and wines. Pineapples is also use as fiber material in  textile manufacturing for Barong Tagalog and Baro’tSaya, commonly known as piña that can be found here at the Philippines.

According to Megan Ware in her written article titled Pineapple Health Benefits, Recipes, Health Risks, that consumption of antioxidant-rich diets have been shown to improve fertility. Since free radicals can damage the reproductive system, foods with high antioxidant activity like pineapples that battle free radicals are recommended for those trying to conceive. The antioxidants in pineapple such as vitamins C, beta-carotene and the vitamins and minerals and copper, zinc and folate have properties that affect both male and female fertility.Moreover, fruits that contain bromelain enzymes like pineapple helps reduces or fight inflammation in the body, including in the uterus. It is also a mild blood thinner which some believe can aid in implantation. But take note that many doctors prescribe baby aspirin, a blood thinner, to help with implantation.  In addition humans implantation is the very early stage of pregnancy at which the product of conception at any point between fertilization and birth adheres to the wall of the uterus.

Another written article from Ashley Bravo entitled Does Pineapple Increase Fertility, tells that the common beliefs of women  regarding  about pineapple is that it helps with the implantation process when in  becoming pregnant. However, there is no scientific proof in this belief. On the other hand, men can also helped in regards to fertility by eating an increased amount of Vitamins C. This has been shown to help with the quality of their sperm and is especially helpful for men who are heavy smokers. While it is best to avoid smoking altogether when you are trying to conceive, adding vitamin C to your diet can help if you continue to do so. In some studies according to pineapple can also help with fertility because it is a common source of pregnancy. Adding it to your diet can help to allow you to lose weight, which can hinder your ability to become pregnant. So, while pineapple doesn’t have any direct ties to fertility, it can definitely be something that will help in a number of other ways.

On the other hand  the truth behind  that eating pineapple gives a great deal of Vitamin C it helps women to become pregnant. Vitamin C helps fight the symptoms like PCOS, (Poly cystic Ovary Syndrome – Symptoms) that one of the common symptoms of this PCOS is having an irregular periods or no periods at all that leads to a difficulty  of getting pregnant, it is because of irregular ovulation or failure to ovulate.

Source:

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/276903.php

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pineapple

http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=34

http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Polycystic-ovarian-syndrome/…/Symptoms.aspx

http://www.fertilityafter40.com/9-fertility-wonder-foods-separating-myth-from-fact-to-get-pregnant-faster-naturally.html#sthash.QBFOtTJg.dpuf

http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=34

http://pregnancytips.org/getting-pregnant/fertility/does-pineapple-increase-fertility/

http://www.nutrition-and-you.com/pineapple.html

Gumamela (HIBISCUS) as an Alternative Medicine For Common Illness

Photo by: staticflickr.com

Photo by: staticflickr.com

As much as possible we would like to use herbs as an alternative medicine for some practical reasons. When we say illness usually people would worry about medical expenses. But now, we don’t have to worry much because there are existing herbs that was proven effective. One of them is gumamela that is very accessible and can be seen even in our backyards. Have you ever imagine how this flowers growing in some of our gardens can be an option in curing our illnesses? I was also surprised when I discovered its multiple benefits.

Gumamela scientifically known as (Hibiscus rosa- sinensis Linn) is a shrub that usually grows from 1 meter up to 4 meters high and usually culminated as ornamental plant in the Philippines. Gumamela (Hibiscus) flower varies in different color: red, yellow, orange, white, purple, pink, and other color combination. The Hibiscus with 5 petals are noted to have medicinal properties. The flowers are considered as astringent, the roots contain mucilage that is calming on the mucous membranes of the digestive and respiratory tracts. It has also the following medicinal use: expectorant, diuretic, anti-infectious, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic anodyne, and refrigerant.

Parts Utilized and their uses

  • Flowers as flavanoids and proanthocyanidins which are antioxidant, antipyretic,analgesic and spasmolytic.
  • Roots as expectorant
  • Leaves as laxative
  • Seeds as stimulant
  • Bark as emmenagogue

Used as treatment of:

  • Bronchitis- as an expectorant
  • Coughs, Sore Throat
  • Fever- as refrigerant drink
  • Treats dysentery
  • Urinary Tract Infection, Bladder Infections
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Prevention of Constipation
  • headaches, boils, swelling, abscesses and mumps
  • In Venezuela, used to treat tumors
  • In Dominican Republic, used to treat hematomas
  • Myocardial Injury, Myocardian Injury
credit: google image
credit: google image

Preparations and Use of Gumamela (Hibiscus)

There are two ways to utilize gumamela as herbal medicine. The dried and fresh gumamela.

For the dried gumamela, first collect the flower, leaves and roots. Wash, then cut into small pieces and sun dry. To use as decoction, boil the parts of gumamela that was dried (1/4 cup dried gumamela in 1 glass of water).

For the fresh gumamela, wash the gumamela flower and leaves , cut into small pieces and boil (1/3 cup of gumamelain 1 glass of water).

Use as Poultice

Poultice is the use of fresh or dried herbs that is mashed, crushed or pounded and often heated (boiled in water to soften) and applied to the skin directly to reduce pain.

Preparation and Medicinal Use:

  • For mumps and urinary tract infection: use dried drug materials 15-30 grams, boil to decoction and drink.
  • Decoction of roots, barks, leaves and flowers can be used as an emollient
  • For abscesses, carbuncles and boils: crush fresh leaves and poultice the infected area. Also, pound flower buds into a paste and apply to external swellings; used for boils, cancerous swellimg and mumps.
  • Decoction of roots can also be used as expectorant for coughs and drops for sore eyes.
  • Decoction from roots of red and white-flowered plants is a Kelantan antidote for poison. Same decoction is drunk for venereal disease and fever.
  • Decoction of flowers and roots can be used as natural diuretic.
  • Bark is an emmenagogue; can also be used to normalize menstruation.
  •  Malays, use a decotion of leaves as a lotion for fevers, and roots can be used for the glands in the neck.
  • Infusion or poultice of leaves used for headaches.
  • Seeds used as a stimulant and for cramps.
  • Decoction of leaves can be used for fevers.
  • Leaves are mildly laxative.
  • Mucilage applied during labor.
  • Red flowers used for sprue.
  • Infusion of flowers and leaves used as expectorant in bronchitis.
  • Infusion of flowers, exposed all night to the dew can be used for gonorrhea.
  • Flowers fried in ghee, given for menorrhagia. the dark red petals are used as a mucilaginous infusion for painful urination, strangury, cystitis, and other irritable genitourinary conditions.
  • Hair stimulant: oil made by mixing the juice of fresh petals and olive oil in equal proportions, and boiled until the water has evaporated.
  • Seeds, pounded to a pulp and mixed with water, can be used for gonorrhea.
  • Red flowers are purgative, when taken with papaya seeds may be abortive.

References:

http://www.filipinoherbshealingwonders.filipinovegetarianrecipe.com/gumamela.html

http://www.stuartxchange.org/Gumamela.html

https://alternativeremedies.wordpress.com/2009/09/05/health-benefits-of-gumamela/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hibiscus#Paper

http://www.liveandfeel.com/medicinal-plants

http://www.philippineherbalmedicine.org/gumamela.htm

Organic Betadine Good for Infectious Wound

We are living in a modern generation. A lot of new technologies came out to our world. Nowadays, a new innovation generates in our universe, a new invention which lead to us as a good example of how our intellectual capacity exists. In line of medicine which undergo to the laboratory process or in the form of organic such as a herbal medicine.

When we say Betadine, what comes to your mind? It simply answers that, this is the number one effective medicine to cure and prevent infection to the wound. Another thing, as we all know, that Betadine is in the form of laboratory process and there are a lot of chemicals to use. Betadine is also used in hospitals and homes as an important line of defense against infections. It also help to reduce bacteria that can cause skin infection. But for now, there is new invention about Betadine in the context of organic process or let just say the herbal medicine and it is the easiest way to undergo. One thing that it is new invention, it is also a new understanding about the importance of the herbal medicine. As we say, Herbal Medicine, some people are believe and used as a treatment to their illness or disease that they experience with. In these days, many people believe on the wonder of the herbal plants that could give a lot of benefits to our body and to maintain a healthy living.

From the municipality of Pototan, Iloilo there is one organization of women called Kalipi Organization that trained about doing different kinds of organic products and one of the products that they made is the Organic/Herbal betadine. The said organization is group of the women who undergo training and do making the said product which could help preventing infection to the wound. This Herbal/ Organic Betadine is the best way to cure other infections related to the wound because it made up of a natural process by different kinds of herbal plants and this are the Coconut oil, Kalawag, Attuetes, Malunggay Stream and Langkawas. As we all know, there are a lot of benefits of this kind of plants.

Here are the some benefits of Coconut Oil in terms of Infection:

Photo by: google image.com

Photo by: google image.com

  • It is mostly made up of almost 50% of the fatty acids and it has had a 12-carbon Lauric acid and also contains the monolaurin.
  • It can kill harmful pathogens like bacteria, viruses and fungi.
  • Coconut oil had properties such as antimicrobial, anti-oxidant, antibacterial and has soothing qualities.

The Benefits of Kalawag/ Turmeric in preventing Infection:

Photo by:  bucaio.blogspot.com

Photo by:
bucaio.blogspot.com

  • It is an anti-inflammatory to treat digestive and liver problems, skin diseases and wounds.
  • It also a powerful anti-oxidant that could fight some infections.
  • It is also good in the antiseptic for cuts, burns and bruises and has an antibacterial agent.

Benefits of a malunggay in preventing infection:

Photo by: google image.com

Photo by: google image.com

  • It acts as an anti-oxidant
  • It is also an anti-microbial properties
  • It is also a germ-killer or drying agent
  • It can also treat pockets of infection like athlete’s foot, snakebites, warts and wounds.

Benefits of a Langkawas or Galangal in terms of infection:

Photo by:maribehlla.com/

Photo by:maribehlla.com/

  • It acts as an anti-fungal

From the above mention of herbal plants, we can see that there are a lot of functions to undergo with.  And all of the stated plants can help preventing infections and came up a finished product of a herbal betadine.  It is a good medicine to the wound by curing it. This Betadine is the knewest invention because of the different herbal plants that this made up. According to Mrs. Salvacion Tupas one of the member of the said organization their  betadine is good for the wounds and other related skin diseases. It simply shows that this organic /herbal bretadine is a natural making because of the plants involved on this medicine and by the process of organic. The organic Betadine is just one of the unique medicinal products because it is composed of the different kinds of herbal plants in which it could help a lot to the local populace on our country. And it is a natural way to cure the skin diseases and such as use to cleanse the wound by preventing infections.

Sources:

http://www.malunggay.com/Use.html

http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-1242-moringa.aspx?activeingredientid=1242&activeingredientname=moringa

http://www.thaipharmacydirect.com/betadine-povidone-iodine-first-aid-solution-antiseptic-cuts-wounds.html

http://www.thecherryshare.com/food/turmeric-and-black-pepper–kalawag-and-pamienta-147

http://www.herbanext.com/herbs-turmeric

http://www.livestrong.com/article/320227-how-to-use-coconut-oil-for-infection/

https://www.organicfacts.net/health-benefits/oils/health-benefits-of-coconut-oil.html

 

Cycling while Charging, the Power of Bicycle Charger

Photo by: Jeremiah Murimi

Photo by: Jeremiah Murimi

Bicycle serves as a main method of transportation in the Philippines. Based on 2013 National Labor Force Survey, 37.917 million or 87 % Filipino labor force choose bicycle as the primary mode of transportation according to Rep. Samuel Pagdilao. Biking does not only promotes health and leisure but can be an alternative solution to the high prices of fuel, fares, traffic, noise and air pollution. Also, mobile phone electricity charges can be now saved through cycling. Cycling while Charging, the power of bicycle charger.

Description

The bicycle charger was an innovation made by the undergraduate students of University of Nairobi namely, Pascal Katana and Jeremiah Murimi. The wind is the alternative energy source. It was made out of the idea to use rotation motion of a bicycle wheel to generate electricity using a dynamo. Dynamo is a type of alternator in generating electricity for lighting a small lamp. Once the wheel is rotated, current is induced in coils of copper wire under the influence of a rotating magnetic flux, generated by alternate shifting of magnets to north and south poles which is also known as the fundamental principles of electromagnetism. The charger is made of recycled materials e.g radio parts computer electronic components etc. The market cost of the kit were estimated at Ksh 150 or Php 67.19, however it may vary to the economies of scale in mass production.

Benefits of the innovation

  • It can promote employment and revenue.
  • It can promote sufficient power to charge phones in areas without electricity.
  • It reduces over-reliance on electricity to charge phones.
  • It eliminates the regular cost of charging phones.
  • It can boost consumption of local products and innovation.

Sources

http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2015/06/28/1470928/put-bicycle-lanes-govt-urged

http://www.brighthubengineering.com/diy-electronics-devices/123918-generating-electricity-from-a-bicycle-dynamo/#imgn_1

www.nacosti.go.ke/news

Carrots (Daucus Carota) as Cancer-Risk Reduction

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Carrots are considered to be one of the most important cultivated vegetable crops in history. They have been providing nutrients to populations for thousands of years, with records showing that the first modern-day carrot varieties were consumed around the 10th Century in parts of the Middle East and Asia.

Daucus carota scientific term for Carrots is a bienial and bears flower and it can grow from 2 inches to 3 feet in length. In terms of its nutrients and vitamins it contain a beta-carotenes, carotenes is the source of vitamin A, which is is very important for the fully growth and healing of the body tissues. Also Carrots have a Potassium, Thiamin, Folic acid, Magnesium, Falcarium and Luteonil that needed of our body to reduce or to prevent cancer cells.

BEBEFITS OF CARROTS

1.  Improves vision

Carrots are rich in beta-carotene, which is converted into vitamin A in the liver. Vitamin A is transformed in the retina, to rhodopsin, a purple pigment necessary for night vision.

2.  Helps prevent cancer

carrots reduce the risk of lung cancer, breast cancer and colon cancer. Researchers have just discovered falcarinol and falcarindiol which they feel cause the anticancer properties.

3.  Slows down aging 
The high level of beta-carotene acts as an antioxidant to cell damage done to the body through regular metabolism.  It help slows down the aging of cells.

4.  Promotes healthier skin 
Vitamin A and antioxidants protects the skin from sun damage. Deficiencies of vitamin A cause dryness to the skin, hair and nails. Vitamin A prevents premature wrinkling, acne, dry skin, pigmentation, blemishes, and uneven skin tone.

5.  Helps prevent infection 
Carrots are known by herbalists to prevent infection. They can be used on cuts – shredded raw or boiled and mashed.

6.  Promotes healthier skin (from the outside) 
Carrots are used as an inexpensive and very convenient facial mask.  Just mix grated carrot with a bit of honey.

7.  Prevents heart disease
Studies show that diets high in carotenoids are associated with a lower risk of heart disease.  Carrots have not only beta-carotene but also alpha-carotene and lutein.

The regular consumption of carrots also reduces cholesterol levels because the soluble fibers in carrots bind with bile acids.

8.  Cleanses the body
Vitamin A assists the liver in flushing out the toxins from the body. It reduces the bile and fat in the liver. The fibers present in carrots help clean out the colon and hasten waste movement.

9.  Protects teeth and gums
Carrots clean your teeth and mouth. They scrape off plaque and food particles just like toothbrushes or toothpaste.  Carrots stimulate gums and  trigger a lot of saliva, which being alkaline, balances out the acid-forming, cavity-forming bacteria.  The minerals in carrots prevent tooth damage.

10.  Prevents stroke
From all the above benefits it is no surprise that in a Harvard University study, people who ate more than six carrots a week are less likely to suffer a stroke than those who ate only one carrot a month or less.

Bright orange carrots are rich in nutrients, inexpensive, and easy to find in the fresh produce section of your grocery store. They’re rich in vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants that are good for your health, and it’s possible that eating carrots may help to prevent cancer.

In research studies performed in labs, rats fed either raw carrots or even just falcarinol — an antioxidant extracted from carrots — demonstrated a delay in the growth of colon tumors. Carrots contain beta-carotene, which is an antioxidant and a pre-cursor used to make vitamin A in your body, and carotenoidrelatives like zeaxanthin and lutein. Eating a diet rich in these antioxidants may help to reduce your risk of cancer by preventing damage to the healthy cells of your body.

References:

http://curingcancerwithcarrots.com/author/

http://www.nutrition-and-you.com/carrots.html

http://www.ehow.com/about_5499722_characteristics-carrot-plant.html

http://www.care2.com/greenliving/10-benefits-of-carrots.html

http://nutrition.about.com/od/healthyfood1/a/carrotscancer.htm

http://draxe.com/carrot-juice/

SMART 3D SPECTACLES: WEARABLE TECHNOLOGY THAT ALLOW AND ASSIST VISUALLY IMPAIRED PEOPLE TO SEE

An invention of Dr. Stephen Hicks, a Neuroscientist from the University of Oxford, United Kingdom. Dr. Hicks’s invention was widely known as SMART GLASSES. The Smart 3D Spectacles has a built in camera that technically picks up the three-dimensionality of the enhanced objects nearby, thus, can be tuned to a bright easy-to-see display and as well as can be put up or rather can be seen from the inside of that particular pair of spectacles. Practically, people can see an extra layer of vision when being worn. It adheres or rather give support and context to that specific environment. It is a significant way to help and assist vision of the people with severe sight impairments. A citation from www.thedailyguardian.com, that according to research, 90% of people who are registered blind have some existing light perception. The glasses use 3D cameras to greatly enhance what little they can already see through a computer and this is projected on to lenses. The result is that close-up objects and people go from being dark, indefinable blobs to outlined, cartoonised images. It was also mentioned that The glasses began life two years ago as chunky goggles with banks of computer screens. A £500,000 grant from the Google Impact Challenge, which supports charities using technology to aid people, is funding the development of a wearable slimmed-down pair of glasses and software that is usable on a mobile phone. In 2015, 1,000 volunteers tested the new version at home. If all goes to plan, a spin-off company owned by Oxford University and device creator, Stephen Hicks, could be selling them by 2016, priced at £300-£400. The potential to transform lives is huge with 30 million blind people worldwide. Though, this invention is likely to and possibly to be produced in the Philippines since we already have similar inventions from EPSON called The Moverio, thus, this device has also a front-facing camera that enables image and video capture as well as marker detection for AR apps that give users relevant information related to the real-world and as well as the “Wear-ever” device by the Smart Communication Network. The network’s spokesperson said “All this is part of the digital tsunami that we expect will sweep the world, including the Philippines in the coming years,” citing about their invention that could change the way people communicate. According to www.wfs.org, They combine a 3D camera and built-in software to enhance vision. The software enhances and highlights objects in the foreground while hiding the background. The wearer can even pause the visual feed and zoom in for greater detail. The depth camera works in the dark allowing for night. But The glasses don’t replace lost vision but assist with spatial awareness. Anyone using the glasses looks through them to make the most of their existing sight, with additional images appearing in their line of sight to give extra information about who or what is in front of them. (Photo below from Len Rosen’s 21st Century Tech Blog). VA-ST-software-e1434460715873 What is great about these glasses is that you can see through them and make the most of the vision you’ve got. They add to what you see with extra information. In some cases, details such as facial features can become easier to see – making social interaction more natural. The glasses work particularly well in low light and can be used to cope with night blindness. http://www.ox.ac.uk/news/2014-06-17-smart-glasses-people-poor-vision-being-tested-oxford

Akapulko ( Cassia alata ), Herbal Medicine For Skin Disease

“A garden requires patient labor and attention. Plants do not grow merely to satisfy ambitions or to fulfill good intentions. They thrive because someone expended effort on them.” – Liberty Hyde Bailey. As what this quote has stated, many of least important creatures are disregarded without knowing that God has created it with a purpose. One of which is the Akapulko plant.

alkapulko

Akapulko is an erect, shrubby legume with dark green compound leaves. Akapulko leaves have orange rachis that has 16-28 leaflets. Akapulko produces an axis of golden yellow flowers that has 4-winged pods containing 50-60 flattened, triangular seeds. Akapulko flowers are enclosed by yellow-orange bracts that are later shed in time. (MedicalHealthGuide.com)

The akapulko plant is a shrub that grows wild in the tropical climate of the Philippines and is often used as a herbal medicine for skin diseases. It is used as medicine for skin diseases because the leaves contain chrysophanic acid, a fungicide that is used to treat fungal infections, like ringworms, scabies and eczema. The common ingredient in soaps, shampoos and lotions in the Philippines is the Akapulko plant because of its anti-fungal properties. The Philippine Council for Health Research and Development (PCHRD) has helped develop the technology for a akapulko herbal medicine lotion.

ointment

Preparation Of Akapulko Herbal Ointment
To prepare an Akapulko herbal ointment prepare and follow these instructions.

1. Wash fresh leaves of Akapulko thoroughly and cut in small pieces.
2. Add one glass of cooking oil or coconut oil to one glass of cut fresh leaves.
3. Fry until crispy.
4. Remove from the heat; strain.
5. Cut 2 white candles (Esperma No. 5) into small pieces
6. In a cooking pot, pour the strained oil together with the candle pieces; stir until the candle has melted.
7. Pour the mixture into a clean container; cover when cool.
8. Apply the Akapulko herbal ointment to affected areas twice daily.
(Source: <www.doh.gov.ph/pitahc)

References:

http://www.medicalhealthguide.com/articles/akapulko1.htm

https://www.google.com.ph/search?q=akapulko+ointment&es_sm=93&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAWoVChMIy57Imoz7xgIVkX6ICh3BBAw3&biw=1024&bih=634#imgrc=vF5fAwJtkDRwBM%3A

Carabao Grass and Physic Nut Extracts as Mung Beans Growth Suppressor

Featured image

Credits to the Owner Retrieved from Google Images

Grass is found in abundance in open waste places and settled areas, about towns, along trails, streams throughout the Philippines. Carabao grass is a vigorous, creeping perennial with long stolons rooting at nodes. Its leaf-sheath is strongly compressed.

Featured image

Credits to the Owner Retrieved from Google Images

Physic nut plant is a small tree or shrub with smooth gray bark, which exudes whitish colored, watery, latex when cut. Ethanol, methanol and water extracts of stem bark of Physic nut were investigated for antimicrobial activity. All the extracts exhibited antimicrobial activities and appreciable activity against all fungal species tested.

Mung beans are in the Legume family of plants. Like other types of seeds, mung beans contain small life-support systems that provide the initial nutrition for early growth. However, once the seed begins to sprout and deplete this small storage of nutrients, it requires suitable soil to encourage continued growth.

Chemicals released from plants and imposing suppression influences are termed allelochemicals or allelochemics. Most allelochemicals are classified as secondary metabolites and are produced as offshoots of the primary metabolic pathways of the plant. Suppression inhibition is complex and is involved by the interaction of many different chemicals with mixtures of different compounds that sometimes have greater suppression effect than individual compounds alone.

Twelve compounds were identified, with two additional compounds that acts as suppressor on plants or what is referred as allelochemicals  can be found on the extracts of carabao grass and physic nuts.

Although derived from plants, allelochemicals may be more biodegradable than traditional herbicides but may also have undesirable effects on non-target species, necessitating ecological studies before widespread use.

The study (entitled: The Allelopathic Interference of Carabao Grass (Paspalum conjagatum Brgius) and Physic Nut Leaves (Jatropha curcas L.) Extracts on Germination of Mung Beans) was conducted at the Western Visayas College of Science and Technology, La Paz, Iloilo City last summer 2013 by the researcher named Ma. Lynmar Malones. It aims to determine the effect of carabao grass and physic nut extracts as suppressor on the growth of mung beans.

The Carabao Grass and Physic Nut extracts using 100% concentration was proven to be an effective suppressor against the growth of mung beans. Carabao Grass and Physic Nut extracts can be used as herbicides in plants to contribute to the weakening of the growth of plants and can lead to withering.

With the use of carabao grass and physic nut extracts, plant growers could get rid of weeds without spending too much on buying expensive herbicides that usually contains active ingredients that can cause harm to human health.

Featured image

Photo by: Ma. Lynmar Malones

Procedures in making the concentration of carabao grass and physic nut extracts:

  • Separately and thoroughly wash the carabao grass and physic nut leaves with tap water
  • Set aside the same amount of carabao grass and physic nut leaves
  • Blend the carabao grass and physic nut leaves in a blender and transfer the product in a clean container
  • The mixture passed through a fine meshed screen to separate the solids from the liquid.

Reference:

http://www.stuartxchange.org/Laua-Laua.html
http://www.svlele.com/jatropha-plant.html
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs186
Malones, M.L. (2014). The Allelopathic Interference of Carabao Grass (Paspalum conjagatum Brgius) and Physic Nut Leaves (Jatropha curcas L.) Extracts on Germination of Mung Beans. INHS-SSC Research.

The Use of Recyclable Thermoset to cut landfill Waste

The Use of Recyclable Thermoset to cut landfill Waste

Philippines are a flood prone country, and one of the reasons is lots and lots of plastics in the garbage. We are a populated country so the higher the population the higher the demand of needs.

Plastics are non-biodegradable. It took thousands of years before it completely destroyed and broken down into very small parts by natural processes, bacteria, etc. Plastics are usually the reasons of floods because it clogs the drainage that stops the water flowing in the canal that can cause a flood. Due to the durability of the plastics it is now the vital part of our modern world, every move we make we are using it, like for example we are using plastics in the grocery store because paper bag alone cannot carry out the heaviness of our groceries; our garbage bag itself is a plastic, mobile phones and circuit boards to the aerospace industry.

By Bernard Meyerson

Plastics are divided into thermoplastics and thermoset plastics.  Thermoplastics are generally recyclable, so it can be heated and reshaped many times, it can be seen everywhere. This one is thin and soft plastics like our plastic cups, plastic bottles, etc. So even at home, we can make our own shape of thermo plastics through heating it and form of what shape we want. However thermoset plastics can only heated and shaped once, after which molecular changes mean they are cured, retaining their shape and strength even when subject to intense heat and pressure, so these kind of plastic is hard and it capable to lasts longer like thousands of years. We can commonly use this as drawer, plates, comb and other basic equipment’s inside the house.

 

In 2014, publication of a landmark paper in Science announcing discovery of new classes of the thermosetting polymers that are recyclable which is the Poly (hexahydrotriazine)s, or PHT’s. It dissolved in the strong acid and breaking apart the polymer chains into component monomers that can then be reassembled into new products.

Like unrecyclable thermosets, this is also rigid, easily melt and tough, with the same potential applications as their unrecyclable forerunners. This innovation – if widely deployed – can speed up the move of circular economy, and with a big reduction of plastics landfill wastes even though no recycling is 100 percent efficient.

In order for us to reduce landfill wastes we can recycle our used materials. Plastic bottle is one of the examples. After drinking we can use it as a vase in our home through decorating it and make it more attractive, we can also use it as a pot for our plant, etc.

Garbage is everywhere and we can use them if we are using our creativity in recycling. Since plastic is biodegradable and lasts longer than our lives we can use them in daily living not just to reduce wastes but also to make our environment clean.

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Sources:

https://agenda.weforum.org/2015/03/emerging-tech-2015-a-new-kind-of-plastic-to-cut-landfill-waste/

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/top-10-emerging-technologies-of-20151/?page=1

http://smartcitiescouncil.com/article/wef-experts-reveal-years-top-10-emerging-technologies

http://eagleenvironmental.us/new-technologies/recyclable-thermoset-plastics/