PRACTICE OF USING ORGANIC FERTILIZER IN ORNAMENTAL GARDEN BANK OF WVSU-EXTENSION IN SUSTAINING THEIR FLOWERING PLANTS

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ext2Practice is a method, procedure, process, or rule used in a particular field. Practice of using of an organic fertilizer by the West Visayas State University-Extension in their ornamental garden bank is very particular in sustaining their flowering plants always healthy.

Organic fertilizers are fertilizers derived from animal or vegetables even dried leaves, that’s why using of it is very particular to every farmer. It is also a good fertilizer in sustaining the plants to be always healthy and aside from that they can save a lot of money instead of buying the inorganic one. One of the very common organic fertilizers that most of the time farmers used is the vermi compost. Vermi compost is the product or process of composting using various worms, usually red wigglers, white worms, and other earthworms to create a heterogeneous mixture of decomposing vegetable or food waste, bedding materials, and vermicast. Vermi compost is an organic manure (bio-fertilizer) produced as the vermicast by earth worm feeding on biological waste material; plant residues. This compost is an odorless, clean, organic material containing adequate quantities of N, P, K and several micronutrients essential for plant growth. Vermi compost is a preferred nutrient source for organic farming. It is eco-friendly, non-toxic, consumes low energy input for composting and is a recycled biological product. Vermi compost is also used by the WVSU-Extension in their ornamental garden bank in sustaining their plants healthy.

ext3Ornamental garden bank in West Visayas State University  started in 1995 with a collection of thirty (30) different varieties of ornamental plants. These plants were used for campus landscaping, office beautification, stage decoration and or instructional purposes. At present a total of one hundred ten (110) different species of ornamental plant were collected and they used continuously organic materials as a soil medium. Several research studies have been conducted in different kinds of plants in the ornamental garden bank of WVSU-extension. Research results were disseminated to the growers. Several ornamental plant growers and enthusiast obtained plants for propagation and for landscaping purposes from the garden bank. Research are on-going in the use of organic materials as soil medium and shading materials and collection of indigenous fern species.

 Some of these plants are anthurium, rose, spathiphyllum, ferns, and they have a lot of different kinds of orchids like Dendrobium victoriae-reginae and many more.

Anthurium is a genus of herbs often growing as epiphytes on other plants. Some are terrestrial. The leaves are often clustered and are variable in shape. The inflorescence bears small flowers which are perfect, containing male and female structures. The flowers are contained in dense spirals on the spadix. The spadix is often elongated into a spike shape, but it can be globe-shaped or club-shaped. Anthurium can be grown as houseplants, or outdoors in mild climates in shady spots. They include forms such as A crystallinum f peltifolium with its large, velvety, dark green leaves and silvery white venation. They thrive in moist soils with high organic matter.

 A rose is a woody perennial of the genus Rosa, within the family Rosaceae. There are over 100 species. They form a group of plants that can be erect shrubs, climbing or trailing with stems that are often armed with sharp prickles. Rose is the color halfway between red and magenta on the HSV color wheel, also known as the RGB color wheel, on which it is at hue angle of 330 degrees. The genus Rosa is subdivided into four subgenera:  Hulthemia (formerly Simplicifoliae, meaning “with single leaves”) containing one or two species from southwest Asia, R. persica and R. berberifolia (syn. R. persica var. berberifolia) which are the only roses without compound leaves or stipules.  Hesperrhodos (from the Greek for “western rose”) has two species, both from southwestern North America. These are R. minutifolia and R. stellata. Platyrhodon (from the Greek for “flaky rose”, referring to flaky bark) with one species from east Asia, R. roxburghii.  Rosa (the type subgenus) containing all the other roses.

Spathiphyllum are attractive indoor foliage plants which tolerate very low light levels. Spathiphyllum produce a showy white inflorescence, consisting of a hood-shaped spathe surrounding the spadix, which adds to their ornamental value. Spathiphyllum is a genus of about 40 species of monocotyledonous flowering plants in the family Araceae, native to tropical regions of the Americas and southeastern Asia. Certain species of Spathiphyllum are commonly known as Spath or Peace Lilies. Spathiphyllum cleans indoor air of many environmental contaminants, including benzene, formaldehyde, and other pollutants. It lives best in shade and needs little sunlight to thrive.

A fern is any one or more of a group of about 12,000 species of plants belonging to the botanical group known as Pteridophyta. Unlike mosses, they have xylem and phloem (making them vascular plants). They have stems, leaves, and roots like other vascular plants. Ferns reproduce via spores and have neither seeds nor flowers. Most ferns have what are called fiddleheads. Ferns are usually used for the beautification of the garden because of the natural beauty of its leaves.

Dendrobium victoriae-reginae is one of the great rarities in the plant world, because the color blue is very uncommon in the orchid family. The blue color is quite variable, and apart from the albino form which is totally white, all flowers that I have seen have a certain touch of blue about them. There are also forms of Dendrobium victoriae-reginae that have violet colored flowers. The striping on the floral segments is also variable with some clones heavily striped whilst others are almost of pure color.

            Flower makes people happy, especially if they like flowers. It symbolizes love. Most of Filipina love to collect flowers or flowering plants because according to them it is pleasing and relaxing to the eye if they see flower every time they wake up in the morning. Flowers have many purposes in this world, aside from that you can gain money in flowers.ext1According to Mr. Joshua, the assigned care taker of the ornamental garden bank of West Visayas State University-Extension, aside from using of inorganic fertilizer like UREA  they also used vermi compost and they have it in their garden beside of their little nipa house. They feed the worms of different kinds of dried leaves that came from their surroundings and sometimes they feed them with old vegetables and fruits also and that will serve as their food. After the worms decompose it, they screened it first, they separate the worms from its manure or from the decompose materials then get and mixed it with the soil and rice hull and then they put it to the plants. They also used chicken manure that they get from the poultry of University Research Development Center and they also mixed it to the soil to serve as the organic fertilizer of the plants. The used of organic fertilizer was very effective in their plants to sustain it healthy. You can see the evidence in their different kinds of plants because all of the plants grew healthy because of the organic fertilizer that they used. In everytime they plant new one they put the mixture of the vermi compost to the soil and rice hull so that it will grow faster and healthier. They also practice the used of charcoal in their orchids and they also used the coconut husk in order for the orchids to grow easily and faster.

Vermi compost and chicken manure was very effective fertilizer in sustaining the different kinds of flowering plants in the ornamental garden bank healthy. It can be used also as fertilizer in different kinds of vegetable like eggplant, squash, bitter guard, and many more.  As what the University extension wisely did, they used fertilizers in their flowering plants where in they will not expense too much, aside from that they used fertilizers that more effective than the inorganic one.

In order to maintain every plant healthy it really needs fertilizers because fertilizer can help them grow well. Though inorganic fertilizer is nice to use, it’s better to use the organic one. Using of organic fertilizer is a great way to save money because everything can be found in our environment. Flowers can also be a great business if you know how to take good care of them.

Ornamental garden bank of West Visayas State University can be found in West Visayas State University- Main Campus in La Paz Iloilo City at the back of ext 4the office of their University Extension Research Center. WVSU-Extension also offered different services like selling of plants, rentals, office beautification and for technical assistant. Everytime there was a school event in the university the plants from research extension are always used for beautification. There you can freely saw the one hundred ten kinds of flowering or ornamental plants that they used to cultured in their garden. The price of their plants is very affordable that’s why many people bought their plants.

Come and visit now. Be amazed by the beauty of different kinds of flowering or ornamental plants in Ornamental Garden Bank of West Visayas State University-Extension.

 

References:

West Visayas State University- Extension Office, Lapaz Iloilo City

Practice.Retrieved August 30,2013 from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/practice

Organic Fertilizer.Retrieved August 30,2013 from http://www.organicgardening.com/learn-and-grow/organic-fertilizers

 Appelhof, Mary (2007). Worms Eat My Garbage (2nd ed.). Kalamazoo, Mich.: Flowerfield Enterprises. ISBN 978-0-9778045-1-1.

Anthurium. Retrieved August 30,2013 from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthurium

Rose. Retrieved August 30,2013 from www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/509710/rose

Spathiphyllum. Retrieved August 30, 2013 from http://mrec.ifas.ufl.edu/foliage/folnotes/spathiph.htm

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