“Noiseless and Smokeless E-jeepney of Iloilo City”

Pollution is everywhere. It is one of the world’s biggest environmental battles that destroys wildlife and causes health problems to millions of people. It takes different forms of energy like heat, noise, and light. Everything can be polluted like air, water, and even the pollution itself. 
One thing that most of the people use which enhances pollution to our environment are the vehicles.

Jeepneys are the most popular means of public transportation in the Philippines. They are known for their crowded seating and flamboyant decorations, which have become a ubiquitous symbol of Philippine culture and art. The word jeepney came from the combination of the words “jeep” and “jitney“, a small bus that carries passengers on a regular route with flexible schedule.

The jeeps were stripped down and altered by the locals; metal roofs were added for shade; and they decorated the vehicles with vibrant colors with chrome-plated ornaments on the sides and hood. They reconfigured the back seat into two long parallel benches with passengers facing each other to accommodate more passengers. Its size, length and passenger capacity had increased as it evolved though the years. These were classified as passenger-type jeeps.

In Iloilo City, jeepneys called passad are known for being replicas of sedans or pickup trucks. The vehicles’ body has a much lower profile which resembles more of a sedan chassis with an elongated body. Jeepneys can be found at designated jeepney stands with dispatcher/barker present usually calling out the destination to usher in passengers. The routes are painted on the sides and below the windshield of the vehicles. They are often manned by two people, the driver and the conductor also informally called the “backride”. If available, the conductor manages passengers and takes care of fare collection. In most vehicles, however, only the driver is present, and passengers have to ask the adjacent passengers to pass on the fare to the driver. The driver in this case, relies on the honesty of the passengers in paying their fare.

To ask the driver to stop the vehicle, passengers can rap their knuckles on the roof of the jeepney, rap a coin on a metal handrail, or simply tell the driver to stop.

The jeepney is the cheapest way to commute in the Philippines. Because of its open rear door design, picking up and dropping off is easy for both passengers and drivers, they can stop anywhere unlike buses. But also because of this convenience, some jeepney drivers are the source of traffic congestion by indiscriminately loading and unloading passengers in the middle of the street, blocking traffic and risking the safety of some passengers.

Some people are requesting that this mode of transportation be phased out, which is also blamed as a major source of air pollution in cities.

The 16th Congress opens on July 20,2013 clean air may be given a fresh start if the Alternative Fuel Incentives Bill will be given more than a gentle push to start its journey. Sponsored by Senator Ralph Recto. The bill is “an act providing incentives for the manufacture, assembly, conversion and importation of electric, hybrid and other alternative fuel vehicles.” It is more commonly known as the “Recto Bill”

Alternative Fuel Vehicles Incentives Bill or S.B. 2856

Senate Bill 2856, known as the Alternative Fuel Vehicles (AFV) Incentives bill, aims to put more alternative fuel vehicles on the road through fiscal and non-fiscal incentives for the manufacture, assembly, conversion, and importation of electric, hybrid, and other AFVs.With rapid innovation in technologies and a growing global trend towards the shift to the use of alternative fuels in the transport sector, the uptake of AFVs on the road shall contribute to the decrease in air pollution levels as well as reduced dependence on imported oil. The bill is sponsored by Senator Ralph Recto and sourced from measures earlier filed by Senators Miriam Defensor-Santiago and Antonio Trillanes IV and former senator Juan Miguel Zubiri.

 “The World Health Organization confirmed that diesel fumes can cause lung cancer.”

Image

Photo by Ariane Joy Tajanlangit Cabalonga

Electronic jeepneys or the solar-powered e-jeepneys is set to operate in Iloilo City roads last March 25 2011. Introduced by the City Government last Dinagyang Festival, E-jeeps will be formally launched in Robinson’s Place Iloilo.

Businessman Mafioso Rommel Ynion donated battery-operated eco-friendly electronic jeepneys (E-jeepneys) or public transportation vehicles. Ten of the said e-jeepneys are operational and are in two shifts, six a.m. to nine a.m. and three p.m. to six p.m. These e-jeepneys don’t emit fumes that can harm our environment. Iloilo’s local government said that the e-jeepneys will serve the general public, but only senior citizens and public school pupils can board the e-jeepneys for free.

Iloilo City Mayor Jed Patrick Mabilog expressed his appreciation to Mafioso Rommel Ynion, whom he said has a benevolent heart for the poor and marginal sector, for donating the e-jeeps. The 10 units of E-Jeepneys cost P8 million.

Mafioso Rommel Ynion claimed that each e-jeep cost P800,000.00

Major Jed Mabilog said the same type of jeepneys can be bought at P250,000.00 to P300,000.00 per unit.

The Iloilo City government asked for the receipts and papers for the e-jeeps as it was necessary to declare their actual value. There were no Official Receipts or Certificates of Registration to show that the e-jeeps were legally acquired.

Mayor Jed Patrick Mabilog said that the 10 units of e-jeeps donated has no Deed of Donation yet and cannot be registered with the Land Transportation Office (LTO) for having no original official receipt from the supplier.

In the year of 2012 Mayor Jed Patrick Mabilog retured the e-jeepneys to Mafioso Rommel Ynion, since the city cannot anymore use the donated vehicles without proper registration and insurance.Image

Photo by Ariane Joy Tajanlangit Cabalonga

According to one of the staff of new’s today the news paper publication own by Mafioso Rommel Ynion some of the units are in now in Bacolod. And only one e-jeepney felt here in Iloilo City. Mafioso Rommel Ynion donated the electronic jeepneys or the solar-powered e-jeepney to Jose Marie Borres home owner president of Puerto Real de Iloilo Residence located in La Pas. And they continue using it till now. 

E-Jeepney which means Electronic Jeepney and Environmental-friendly. It is a cost-effective, environmental-friendly vehicle that not only helps prevent the environment but also minimizes the usage of fossil fuel.

E-Jeepney is not just an ordinary jeepney. It is eco-friendly, convenient, and very efficient. It sustains energy solution, global warming, and air pollution. It is guaranteed zero emission vehicle, no fuel needed, battery operated and runs silently. And it has no combustion engine, no gasoline, no transmission, and no lubricants to change, no belts, no ignition plugs, no chains and no carburetor.

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Photo by Ariane Joy Tajanlangit Cabalonga

The E-jeepney carries 17 passengers and can run 120km on an 8-hour charge. The E-Jeepney runs a maximum 40km per hour.

The E-Jeepneys are the first public transport system of its kind in Southeast Asia.The E-Jeepny is a step in the right direction towards providing an environmental solution to the problems of pollution and greenhouse gas emissions in the cities of the Philippines and Southeast Asia.

The battery is used to store electricity, and it has to be charged from time-to-time. The normal working range of the battery is from 50 to 130 miles, thereafter the battery has to be recharged. It takes around 6 to 8 hours for the battery to get recharged completely. The battery of the E-jeepney rotates the shaft of the motor, which in turn rotates the wheels of the vehicle.

The only major problem with the E-jeepney is that the battery has to be recharged regularly; so it is very important to monitor it. If you are traveling a long distance, this can be a major concern since you cannot charge the battery of your vehicle on the road.

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Photo by Ariane Joy Tajanlangit Cabalonga

Some advantages of E-jeepney using electricity as the alternate fuel:

1. E-jeepney is readily available.  

2. Since there is no internal combustion engine, the vehicle runs noiselessly, in fact many times you won’t even know that a vehicle has just passed you. 

3. There are no emissions from E-jeepney making them environmental friendly. 

4. Manufacturing E-jeepney is very easy; you have to merely assemble various components of the vehicle. This is especially true for small motorcycles or mopeds. 

5. E-jeepney requires less maintenance. 

Disadvantages of E-jeepney:

1. The major disadvantage of E-jeepney is that the battery has to be charged regularly. The normal working range of battery is about 50-130 miles and it takes about 6-8 hours to recharge completely. 

2. If you are traveling a long distance, you may be at the risk of the battery running out. As such there are no battery charging stations available on roads and highways.

3. Though the vehicle running on electricity does not produce pollution, the power plants producing electricity do produce pollution. The pollutants created by thermal power plants are one of major source of air-pollution. The electricity generated from solar energy is totally pollution free. 

Vehicle manufacturers are striving hard to improve the performance of e-jeepney. They have come up with number of alternative arrangements like hybrid vehicles in which electricity as well as gasoline can be used as fuel to run the vehicle.

The E-Jeepney have shown that eventually it will save money for the drivers because it will do away with the expenses for oil and gasoline.

I’m all for the E-Jeepney and I really do hope that more of these vehicles will be deployed in the city of Iloilo.

Thousands of carbon-dioxide emitting vehicles, which includes the buses and the other jeeps. Apart from putting the E-Jeepney into the picture, there should also be efforts to get rid of the smoke-belching vehicles from the streets. If you don’t take them out, the pollution will still be significant,

Eventually, the E-Jeepney should also be considered to become an E-Bus. I’m sure everyone will appreciate an E-Bus.Image

Photo by Ariane Joy Tajanlangit Cabalonga

Personally, I would love to see the E-Jeepney dominate the entire public transportation system in the cities. Leave the buses for provincial routes, but let the E-Jeepney dominate the city scene.

References:

http://www.ejeepney.org/pdf/climate-friendly-solutions/AFV-primer.pdf

www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeepney

http://climatechange.searca.org/index.php/feature/393-e-jeepney-cool-remedy-for-global-warming

http://www.slideshare.net/felixbunagan/e-jeepney-6426189

http://www.gogreenacademy.com/causes-and-effects-of-air-pollution/

http://www.scidev.net/global/energy/news/electric-jeepneys-ease-philippines-air-pollution-2.html

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