ANTI-RABIES VACCINES AND THE TREATMENT OF RABIES IN ILOILO CITY

Philippine household and neighbourhood

Philippines is one of the many free-ranging urban dogs in the world. Street dogs or most popularly known as “askals” are mongrels and adapted to local conditions. Many have no owners, but some locals keep them as pets one leaves in the streets. Askals are very resilient compared to their pure-breed counterparts, who are less well adapted to the street dog life.

Askals are often more resilient and street-smart than purebreds, but unlike in other countries, mongrels are not popular house pets in the Philippines, although in the past few years Askals have become known to be good house pets. In the Philippines, these dogs are discriminated against in comparison with other purebred dogs.

Some of us would rather choose a pure-bred dog to pet. But these days’ askals are getting more attention now for having continuous heroic actions to protect their owner that made the Philippines proud.

One of the known hero askal dog is two year old dog, Kabang, from Zamboanga City, owned by the Bunggal family. She became famous for having saved two children from an oncoming motorcycle, but lost her face. The whole world was moved from what she did. Donations were given over 45 countries for the treatment surgery that she had in United States for eight months.

But we can never avoid dog bite incidents in our society.

Dr. Joji G. Jimenes, head of Infectious Disease Control Cluster in Center for Health Development Western Visayas: DOH, said that Iloilo has been in the top of the most pet incident in the year 2006 for having 26 victims. Fortunately, years have passed until the present time, there’s only one case of incident as of August 2013.

Center for Health Development Western Visayas: DOH

Rabies Vaccine

Rabies vaccine is a vaccine used to control rabies. Rabies can be prevented by vaccination, both in humans and other animals. It is unusual in that it is effective even when injected after infection by the virus, which usually is noticed.

Friday, August 16, 2013

THE Provincial Veterinary Office in Iloilo received Friday, 9,864 vials of anti-rabies vaccines from Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to support the province’s Accelerated Rabies Termination (ART) program.

The last batch of vaccines, which is worth P2 million, was in addition to the 3,000 vials the foundation previously gave last March.

Provincial veterinarian Dr. Silvino Teodosio Jr. said the vaccines should be immediately distributed to the 42 municipalities and one component city.

“We are expected to give out all of these vaccines today. We have already alerted all mayors in the province of its arrival,” he said.

Teodosio said all municipal agriculture technicians, with the help of their paravets, were tasked to renew their respective massive vaccination campaign throughout the province.

He also said there is a possibility of surpassing the 70 percent vaccination coverage this year.

Iloilo province has a total of 289,856 registered dogs, 70 percent (202,899) of which must be vaccinated to establish herd immunity.

The province was able to vaccinate 77.07 percent of its dog population in 2012, 91.66 percent in 2011 and 85.57 percent in 2010.

Teodosio said the foundation’s support to the province’s ART program helped lessen human rabies cases from 16 deaths in 2005 to only one this year.

The recent victim of rabies was a 14-year-old girl from a remote village in Passi City. (PR)

 

What is rabies?

Rabies is a dangerous and deadly disease. It is caused by a virus that came from the saliva of an animal, usually dogs or cats. This kind of disease goes to the victim’s brain with the infection of rabies.

How does rabies transfer to a human?

The usual way is when a human was bitten, scratched or infected wound, eyes or lips of an animal with rabies. A human with rabies can transfer to other humans if the victim’s saliva falls to the wound.

How to treat dog bites?

Clean well the infected wound using a soap and water. You can also wipe it with alcohol or betadine. Consult a doctor at once in order to inject the anti-rabies vaccine to the victim. Leash or cage them and observe for 10-14 days. Don’t try to kill the animal, it’s too dangerous.

How to avoid rabies?

You could take a vaccination before any incident could happened or what we cal pre exposure vaccination. Ask your doctor about this.

ANTI-RABIES ACT OF 2007: Republic Act 9482

AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE CONTROL AND ELIMINATION
OF HUMAN AND ANIMAL RABIES, PRESCRIBING
PENALTIES FOR VIOLATION THEREOF AND
APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR

Responsibilities of Pet Owner

  • Have their dog regularly vaccinated against rabies and maintain card which shall contain all vaccinations conducted their dog for accurate record purposes.
  • Submit their dog for mandatory registration.
  • Maintain control over their dog and not allow it to roam the streets or any public place without a leash.
  • Provide proper grooming, adequate food and clean shelter.
  • Within twenty-four (24) hours, report immediately any Dog biting incident to the Concerned Officials for investigation or for any appropriate action and place such Dog under observation by a government or private veterinarian.
  • Assist the Dog bite victim immediately and shoulder the medical expenses incurred and other incidental expenses relative to the victim’s injuries.

Penalties

  • Pet Owners who fail or refuse to have their Dog registered and immunized against Rabies shall be punished by a fine of Two thousand pesos (₱ 2,000.00).
  • Pet Owners who refuse to have their Dog vaccinated against Rabies shall be liable to pay for the vaccination of both the Dog and the individuals Bitten by their Dog.
  • Pet Owners who refuse to have their Dog put under observation after said Dog has Bitten as individual shall be meted a fine of Ten thousand pesos (P 10,000.00).
  • Pet Owners who refuse to have their Dog put under observation and do not shoulder the medical expenses of the person bitten by their Dog shall be meted a fine of Twenty-five thousand pesos (P25,000.00).

Pet Owners who refuse to put leash on their Dogs when they are brought outside the house shall be meted a fine of Five hundred pesos (P500.00) for each incident.

  • An impounded Dog shall be released to ts Owner upon payment of a fine of not less than Five hundred pesos (P500.00) but not more than One thousand pesos (P1,000.00).
  • Any person found guilty of trading Dog for meat shall be not less than Five thousand pesos, (P5,000.00) per Dog an subjected to imprisonment for one to four years.
  • Any person found guilty of using electrocution as a method of euthanasia shall be fines not less than Five thousand pesos (P5,000.00) per act and subject to imprisonment for one to four years.
  • If the violation is committed by an alien, he or she shall be immediately deported after service of sentence without any further proceedings.

WHAT CAN I DO TO HELP PREVENT THE SREAD OF RABIES?

  • Get your dog vaccinated and keep him vaccination up to date. This is important not only to keep your pet from getting rabies, but also to provide a barrier of protection to you if your animal is bitten by a rabid animal.
  • Keep your pets under direct supervision so they do not come in contact with rabid or wild animals. If unvaccinated and could be infected by disease.
  • Spay or neuter your pets to reduce the number of unwanted animals that may not be properly cared for or vaccinated regularly.
  • Avoid direct contact with unfamiliar animals. So not handle, feed or unintentionally attract rabid or wild animals.
  • Never adopt wild and stray animals or bring them into your home. Do not try to nurse sick animals to health.
  • Teach shildern that they should never handle unfamiliar animals, wild or domestic, even they appear friendly.

ANIMAL BITE TREATMENT CENTERS:

 

AKLAN

RAFAEL S. TUMBOKON MEM’L HOSPITAL

 

ANTIQUE

ANGEL SALAZAR MEM’L HOSPITAL

CULASI DISTRICT HOSPITAL

 

CAPIZ

MAMBUSAO DISTRICT HOSPITAL

ROXAS MEM’L PROOVINCIAL HOSPITLA

ROXAS CITY HEALTH OFFICE

 

ILOILO

ALEOSAN DISTRICT HOSPITAL

BAROTAC VIEJO DISTRICT HOSPITAL

DR. RICARDO Y. LADRIDO MEM’L DISTRICT HOSPITLA

DR. RICARDO PROVIDO MEM’L DISTRICT HOSPITAL

DUMANGAS DISTRICT HOSPITAL

FEDERICO RAMON TIRADOR SR. MEM’L HOSPITAL

ILOILO CITY HEALTH OFFICE

ILOILO PROVINCIAL HOSPITAL

PASSI CITY HEALTH UNIT

PASSI DISTRICT HOSPITAL

RAMON TABIANA MEM’L DISTRICT HOSPITAL

REP. PEDRO TRONO MEM’L DISTRICT HOSPITAL

SARA DISTRICT HOSPITAL

WESTERN VISAYAS MEDICAL CENTER

 

NEGROS OCCIDENTAL

BACOLOD CITY HEALTH OFFICE

BAGO CITY HEALTH OFFICE

CADIZ CITY HEALTH OFFICE

ESCALANTE CITY HEALTH OFFICE

HIMAMAYLAN CITY HEALTH OFFICE

LA CARLOTA CITY HEALTH OFFICE

KABANKALAN CITY HEALTH OFFICE

SAGAY CITY HEALTH OFFICE

SAN CARLOS CITY HEALTH OFFICE

SILAY CITY HEALTH OFFFICE

SIPALAY CITY HEALTH OFFICE

TALISAY CITY HEALTH OFFICE

DR. JOSE LOCSIN MEM’L HOSPITAL

ESCALANTE DISTRICT HOSPITAL

KABANKALAN DISTRICT HOSPITAL

DON SALVADOR BENEDICTO MEM’L HOSPITAL

 

GUIMARAS

GUIMARAS PROVINCIAL HOSPITAL

 

 Infectious Disease Control Cluster

References:

Center for Health Development Western Visayas: DOH

Sun Star Iloilo –http://50.28.66.108/iloilo/local-news/2013/08/16/anti-rabies-vaccines-arrive-iloilo-298198

Wikipedia

ANTI-RABIES ACT OF 2007: Republic Act 9482- http://www.senate.gov.ph/republic_acts/ra%209482.pdf

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