Briquette: The “Green Charcoal”

For sustainable development, we can make charcoal “green”!

The General Systems Theory influences us that elements on earth from the simplest to the most complex one are interconnected. We are all part of a system-the environment. Barry Commoner, a scientist, politician and a publisher introduced the four laws of ecology; these say that everything is connected with everything else, everything must go somewhere, nature knows best there no such thing as a free lunch. These would only mean that our waste either biodegradable, non-biodegradable and or recyclable must go somewhere, sadly most of the time it goes back to our own backyards as we neglect the aspect of waste management and environmental protection.

Embracing these ideas we became aware of the emerging societal problems such as the improper waste management and sound recycling practices.

Moreover, environmental demise, poor waste management and lack of livelihood are, for years, been tormenting the Ilonggos across the region and are even setting threats to some’s “barely-there” chance of survival; but the point of being alarmed with these problems is likewise the point of being assertive in finding  solutions. For so long, these problems have been arising, numerous attempts to solve them will continue to be developed  where some are effective, some are not.

One of the most remarkably effective initiatives to address waste management in Western Visayas is now being developed; indeed one of today’s newest innovations– charcoal briquettes.


Photo caption : These are the sample charcoal briquettes produced by CPUCA.

Briquettes also called as “green charcoal”.

Briquettes is a fuel that are composed of waste materials tightly compressed into solidified pieces and are used as alternative to firewood, charcoal or any other fuel. It may come in different shapes and sizes, compact and easy to transport. It  is now helping  waste reduction.

Charcoal is a fuel comes from a wood processed for carbonization, however, of course we know the negative impact of charcoal because when people keep on using charcoal we are also allowing or promoting the practice of cutting down trees  to convert  as charcoals. But with briquettes or the “green charcoal” technology , introduces an alternative options to the people who have been dependent in using charcoal wood or LPG which are known to be great factors for environmental pollutions.

In Iloilo City, the College of Agriculture, Resources and Environmental Sciences of the Central Philippine University with its offered courses in agriculture have linked resources to create a new technology that introduce the biomass waste resource utilization that converts waste product into briquettes.

Central Philippine University- College of Agriculture (CPUCA) is the technology developer and does not sell the products; the college inventors and engineers want to introduce this to the community in Calajunan, Mandurraio, Iloilo City and shall train them how to market it aside from empowering them to use this product for household consumption. It allows the people to learn and embrace this new inventions as well as to gain income from this product. But the big challenge for them is on how to established market because not all the people are familiar with briquetting or the use of briquettes as alternative to fire woods. The blogger’s opportunity of using the social media is essentially integrated in the vision to promote new invented product to let the people aware of environmental management.

Aside from the scientific side of inventing this product, the CPUCA is also embracing the community empowerment side through its stakeholders, the Uswag Calajunan Livelihood Association (UCLA )members. They introduced this product to them and tested the pillow shape briquette, but they found out that this kind of briquette produces smoke hence with their new technology they made the cylindrical shape briqutte designed with a hole because according to several studies if you want to remove the presence of smoke and enhance the quality of your briquettes it should have a hole. Other shapes of briquettes are egg-shape, tubular-shape, cylindrical-shape without a hole and stick shape.

The process of making this product is called theBRIQUETTING, there are many ways in making briquettes but CPUCA promotes technologies that are simple and easy to operate. It converts the solid biomass and urban wastes into carbon and make it available into a fuel form. It compresses the materials into solid fuel product in any shape. These materials which were of low density prior to being converted into briquettes is compressed to form a product of higher bulk density, lower moisture content and uniform size and shape making these materials easier to package and store, cheaper to transport, more convenient to use, and their combustible characteristics are better than those of the original waste material (Romallosa, et al, 2011).

They use scratched paper from the offices inside the university, sawdust and carbonized rice husk from farm lands.


Photo caption: These are the different types of charcoal briquettes.

Briquettes come in three types:

  1. Paper type with 100% paper
  2. Paper + Sawdust type
  3. Paper + CRH + Sawdust type

Paper type with 100% paper and paper + sawdust haveequal value of produced heat but paper + CRH +sawdusttype is quite low in produced heat  because CRH is already a used fuel.

The mass production of Paper+ CRH + sawdust type of green charcoal is still pending because it will be sent to University of Germany for the ultimate chemical analysis and in Japan for the University of Tokyo’s emission test to gather data and to determine the air quality due to pollutants which may occur.

The “green charcoal” costs Php10.00 – Php15.00 pesos per kilo for about 60 pcs. Can be used in any ordinary charcoal stove. It was emphasized by the developer that it has no mixed materials and or substance aside from the paper, sawdust and carbonized rice husk (CRH).

Several steps in making the briquettes are:

  1. Soak shredded waste papers in a container filled with water overnight to soften the papers for easier pulping.
  2. Remove excess water from the pulped papers using a net bag.
  3. After filtering the paper put it in a big container and mix it thoroughly until uniform mixture is attained.
  4. Then, put the mixed materials into the molders while squeezing the excess water.
  5. Form the materials into round shape for better compression.
  6. Compaction is done by closing and pressing down the movable top onto the bottom half of the molder.
  7. After molding the briquettes, place it under intense sunlight for at least two days to remove excess moisture.
  8. Lastly, when briquettes are have dried already, trim the excess sides of it for better physical quality and store it in dry cool place to maintain low moisture content.

Before, making the briquettes by hand molding, they are using a jack with a hole so that briquettes will not be smoky.

Its purpose is to make people realize and practice not be dependent on wood charcoal, gas stove and other expensive fire burning materials and help promote clean environment through this briquette technology.

The blogger as a development communication practitioner firmly believes that we have lot of resources; likewise, waste materials which are major components  in making the green charcoal, just anywhere and is so potential minimizing the dependency on wood charcoal and LPG.

Using briquettes instead of the usual wood charcoal leads to numerous benefits. It is locally made fuel for cooking or heating that can offer alternative to the use of firewood and charcoal. It is cheaper compare to charcoal and it can put less pressure on natural resources. It can help the people in the community to earn money, lessen the rubbish in the community and turns it into a source of energy.

Indeed, this such initiative is considered sustainable, thus, the community people shall adapt this new innovation for daily living. It is always true that the law of ecology tells as that human beings are part of the system, that we, exchange materials, energy and information to other living organism in our system.

Materials may it be biodegrable or something that is recyclable is part of us, environment provides resources and materials which human being can utilize and transform after several use. Energy is what we need, through the interactions of living organism and nature’s provided materials, we continue to live. Energy is needed for survival. Information counters entropy which is the innate tendency of a society to break down; information holds the society together, through information we educate people of the existing potential materials that we have and it can be transformed into an energy which is crucial for human survival.

The “green charcoal” is one innovation from the existing materials that we have, now converted to produced energy essential for human’s everyday living. Charcoal doesn’t have to be black, it is also “green”, thus it is sustainable.


The S&T-Based Model Farm for Bamboo at Maasin, Iloilo: The Science Solution for a Sustainable and Vibrant Bamboo Production

One of the problems being faced by the nation today is the insufficiency of lumber. A good alternate for lumber is bamboo. Bamboo culm matures and develops strength properties comparable to most wood species in about three years. Its utility has expanded to include its transformation into various structural floors and panels and engineered bamboo products. Bamboo has spurred worldwide attention as a versatile plant with multifarious uses. Its uses ranged from subsistence to commercial food, to building and furniture. It offers vital economic and ecological benefits to many people in the world.

Bamboo, are some of the fastest-growing plants in the world. Bamboo is a kind of grass. Bamboo can be propagated by reproductive propagation or the use of the seeds, and the vegetative propagation, the use of rhizomes and cuttings. Among these methods vegetative propagation through the use of one-node cuttings is the most economical. These are easier to handle and more productive.

Bamboo belongs to the grass family, Gramineae or Poaceae. It is commonly known as woody grass because some of its structural growth characteristics resemble those of woody plants. A bamboo often has a tree-like habit. It is woodly and usually hallow clums, complex rhizome and branch systems, petiolate leaft blades and prominent sheating organs. Many bamboo species have big and upright stems, like Dendrocalamus asper which is known locally as Giant Bamboo. Some species are small and look like ordinary grass like Utod or Yushania niitakaymensis.


Some of the bamboo-made products from the Bamboo Farm at Brgy. Inabasan, Iloilo.

There are about 1,200 bamboo species that belong to at least 80 genera in world. Of these, about 200 species belong to approximately 20 genera found in Southeast Asia. Bamboos regenerates fast, hence, it can be harvested in 3 years. One mother pole can reproduce more than one shoot. It can hold soil erosion, stabilize riverbanks and improve the environment. It can endure in semi-arid and marginal areas. It grows readily on cogonal areas, survives summer drought and grass fire, and develops a forest-like canopy quickly. Likewise, it is the best alternate for wood because its strength properties are as good as with mahogany and other medium hardwood types. Bamboo has many uses. Many Filipino uses bamboo as material for house building, decorations, baskets, furniture, toothpicks, lampshades, fruit tray, flower vases, “kisame”, placemat and many more. Bamboo used for construction purposes must be harvested when the culms reach their greatest strength and when sugar levels in the sap are at their lowest, as high sugar content increases the ease and rate of pest infestation.

Bamboo is one major commodity of the Western Visayas Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium (WESVARRDEC). Iloilo aims to become the bamboo center of the Philippines. It has an abundant supply of bamboo poles, mostly Kawayan tinik. As of 1999, the bamboo stands in both natural stands and plantations have an aggregate area of 8,085 ha. The province is producing 2,426,487 poles every year, supplying the raw material requirements of 41 manufacturers, 32 domestic producers, and 9 exporters of various processed bamboo products. Due to the increasing demand for bamboo poles, Iloilo is accelerating its plantation development efforts with a long-term plan of establishing additional bamboo plantations of about 58,200 ha.

With its abilities to be used for a variety of purposes, bamboo is now renowned as the material of the millennium particularly in the province of Iloilo. The most dominant species found in Iloilo is “kawayan tinik”. As such, the bamboo industry in the region is flourishing, employing 2,074 people and boasting a recognized export marketplace for its locally produced bamboo products.

While manufacturing quality high-end products and the products’ design advantage are considered the assets of the industry’s export market, availability of quality bamboo poles and under capitalization of existing firms remain the bamboo industry’s weaknesses. Small firms find it difficult to acquire funds for upgrading tools and equipments and would use any available bamboo poles thus, limiting their production capacity and capability.

To address these concerns, an S&T based model farm for bamboo was developed in Barangay Inabasan, Maasin, Iloilo led by Department of Environment and Natural Resources – Ecosystems Research and Development Service (DENR-ERDS) Region 6 to demonstrate the effectiveness of S&T in improving and maintaining the quality and productivity of existing bamboo clumps and the quality of bamboo woven products produced. This project started on March 2007. The S&T based farm was established in a 1-hectare farm of Mr. Norberto Ceballos, the Magsasaka Siyentista of Barangay Inabasan, Maasin Farmers’ Information and Technology Services (FITS) Center, Maasin, Iloilo.
One of the S&T interventions introduced was the production of good quality bamboo poles from existing bamboo clumps of Mr. Ceballos through the rehabilitation of 100 unmanaged clumps of bamboo in his farm. The rehabilitation technology involved cleaning, thinning, watering, and fertilizing existing clumps to facilitate growth and development of new shoots and the production of good quality poles.

Bamboo Farm at Brgy. Inabasan, Maasin

Bamboo Farm at Brgy. Inabasan, Maasin

As a result, the 100 rehabilitated clumps of bamboo had improved shoot production in terms of size and number by an average of 1 centimeters and 2 shoots or clumps respectively. This was observed a year after the rehabilitation and was expected to significantly improve every year.

As part of the science and technology intervention, construction of a small production of a processing area within the farm was also done. This area served as the small processing plant for the harvested bamboo poles. The manufacture of bamboo woven products with the use of introduced processing equipment and tools as well as proper treatment and preservation techniques had greatly improved in terms of craftmanship and volume. More quality bamboo woven mats or “amakan” were produced and this was shown in the partial budget analysis made in which the established science and technology based farm on bamboo had accued to the Magsasaka Siyentista guaranteed profit on a daily basis.

One of the highlights of this project was the conduct of field day to showcase the interventions done to improve the productivity and increase the income of the Magsasaka Siyentista compared with his existing farm practice. The field day is conducted every 2 months in the farm of Mr. Ceballos depending on the demand of its members. The event was attended by different groups and individuals including representatives for the Local Government Unit of Maasin, Western Visayas Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium (WESVARRDEC) Techno Gabay Program Bamboo International, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, media, officials of the barangay and Maasin Mayor Mariano Malones Sr. The field day has three major parts: program ceremony, technology forum and the field tour and exhibit. Farm extensions were also realized and established in Barangays Buntalan, Daja, Abay, Bolo and Dagami still in the Municipality of Maasin. The 5 barangays with the help of a non-profit organization KAPAWA, started their operation a year ago with the farm in the Barangay Inabasan as its “Mother Farm” and its production and processing center. Each farm in every barangay has a group that maintains the farm.

The Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development visits the farm every year for the preservation and monitors the development of the project. The Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCAARRD) is one of the sectoral councils under the Department of Science and Technology (DOST). PCAARRD was established on June 22, 2011 through the consolidation of the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD) and the Philippine Council for Aquatic and Marine Research and Development (PCAMRD). The Council formulates policies, plans and programs for science and technology-based research and development in the different sectors under its concern. It coordinates, evaluates, and monitors the national research and development (R&D) efforts in the agriculture, aquatic and natural resources (AANR) sectors. It also allocates government and external funds for R&D and generates resources to support its program. Mr. Ceballos also joins trade fairs for the exposure of the bamboo products made from his farm. The biggest client of Mr. Ceballos is Mang Inasal. His farm supplies the bamboo sticks in the whole franchise system of Mang Inasal in the whole Philippines. Mang Inasal purchases 5,000 bundles of bamboo sticks in every week. He has also clients from Manila that exports his products. Every Saturday, he delivers his finished bamboo sticks in the Iloilo Central Market and in Iloilo Terminal Market in City Proper, Iloilo City.

Five bamboo production technologies were packaged in the form of flyers and brochures for reproduction and distribution, which had the following titles: “Teknolohiya sa Pagporma sang Tiko nga Layon sang Kawayan”, “Produksyon sang Tambo”, “Ang Pagtubo sang Kawayan”, Ang Pagasikaso sang Puno sang Kawayan” and “Pagpreparar sang Sukdap nga Kawayan para sa Pagrara”.

While there have been significant positive results in this science and technology based farm project, a sustained strategy must be put in place for the multiplier effect to be realized among other bamboo farmers in Maasin. There is also a need to continuously monitor the growth performance of the rehabilitated clumps of “kawayan tinik”, including the implementation of silvicultural treatments as part of the maintenance activities as required of the technology.

PALAYAMANAN: Organic Farming in Agpangan, Cabilauan, New Lucena

One of the people wanted and prayed is to have a good and healthy lifestyle but how could we ever attain this if most of or food are synthetic or came from unnatural one. Our government had an ordinance which is the R.A NO. 10068.

Republic act no. 10068 is known as “AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND PROMOTION OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE IN THE PHILIPPINES AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES”. It is hereby declared the policy of the State to promote, propagate, develop further and implement the practice of organic agriculture in the Philippines that will cumulatively condition and enrich the fertility of the soil, increase farm productivity, reduce pollution and destruction of the environment, prevent the depletion of natural resources, further protect the health of farmers, consumers, and the general public, and save on imported farm inputs. Towards this end, a comprehensive program for the promotion of community-based organic agriculture systems which include, among others, farmer-produced purely organic fertilizers such as compost, pesticides and other farm inputs, together with a nationwide educational and promotional campaign for their use and processing as well as adoption of organic agriculture system as a viable alternative shall be undertaken. The State recognizes and supports the central role of the farmers, indigenous people and other stakeholders at the grassroots in this program. Then lets define Organic refers to the particular farming and processing system, described in the standards and not in the classical chemical sense. The term “organic” is synonymous in other languages to “biological” or “ecological”. It is also a labeling term that denotes products considered organic based on the Philippine National Standards for organic agriculture. Organic agriculture includes all agricultural systems that promote the ecologically sound, socially acceptable, economically viable and technically feasible production of food and fibers. In addition, organic agricultural dramatically reduces external inputs by refraining from the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides and pharmaceuticals. It also covers areas such as, but not limited to, soil fertility management, varietal breeding and selection under chemical and pesticide-free conditions, the use of biotechnology and other cultural practices that are consistent with the principles and policies of this Act, and enhance productivity without destroying the soil and harming farmers, consumers and the environment as defined by the International Federation of Organic Agricultural Movement (IFOAM): Provided, That the biotechnology herein to shall not include genetically modified organisms of GMOs.Our government mandated the Department of Agriculture to give more amounts in supporting the organic farming. It has been proven that organic farming could help in achieving a sustainable lifestyle and it also environment friendly. Organic farming has been practiced by many and it needs a lot of effort to make it more successful.
Organic production system is a system designed to:
(1) Enhance biological diversity within the whole system;
(2) Increase soil biological activity;
(3) Maintain long-term soil fertility;
(4) Recycle wastes of plant and animal origin in order to return nutrients to the land, thus minimizing the use of nonrenewable resources;
(5) Rely on renewable resources in locally organized agricultural system;
(6) Promote the healthy use of soil, water and air as well as minimize all forms of pollution thereto that may result from agricultural practices;
(7) Develop and promote the use of biotechnology in agriculture;
(8) Handle agricultural products with emphasis on careful processing methods in order to maintain the organic integrity and vital qualities of the product at all stages; and
(9) Become established on any existing farm through a period of convention, the appropriate length of which is determined by site-specific factors such as the history of the land, and type of crops and livestock to be produced.
Agpangan, Cabilauan, New Lucena has been one of the many that practice the organic farming their Mayor Lizell Sivelle Mondejar has been so supportive in achieving this. The name of the farm is “PALAYAMANAN”. There are 30 members and seven groups on the organization in Agpangan in each group there are 5-7 members and they have 500sq meters of land that they could culture. Most of their plants are “Marguso” or also known as bitter melon, “Pepino” or cucumber, “Karbasa” or Squash, “Petchay” or Cabbage, “Kamatis” or Tomato, “Talong” or Eggplant and “Rabanos” or Raddish. The Department of Agriculture had been benefited by the people in New Lucena, Iloilo City. They have Technical Group Training which aimed to inform and teach the people especially the farmers the proper way of organic farming. They taught the people on how they can produce good crops without giving harmful effects on the environment.
The Department of Agriculture is the one providing the seeds and the farmers will be the one to do the initiative in planting the seeds in a due process. According to Mrs. Gina Sols they have a demo every Friday. And every Friday all of them were there in Apangan to take care of their crops. She also said that the Agricultural Technician has a five months training and after the training what they learned will be relay to the other members. And from time to time the dept. of agriculture will visit their plantation.
As their fertilizer, they do Vermicasting which is also known as Vermicomposting it is the product or process of composting using various worms, usually red wigglers, white worms, and other earthworms to create a heterogeneous mixture of decomposing vegetable or food waste, bedding materials, and vermicast. Vermicast, also called worm castings, worm humus or worm manure, is the end-product of the breakdown of organic matter by an earthworm. These castings have been shown to contain reduced levels of contaminants and a higher saturation of nutrients than do organic materials before vermicomposting. They also do the Decomposting which means that it is the process by which organic substances are broken down into simpler forms of matter. The process is essential for recycling the finite matter that occupies physical space in the biome. Bodies of living organisms begin to decompose shortly after death. Although no two organisms decompose in the same way, they all undergo the same sequential stages of decomposition. They also use the dried leaves of “Madre Cacao”, “Ägho”,Rice Straw and “Saging”. Mrs Solas said that “ ang lukait sang itlog pwede mo man mahimo nga fertilizer, una sanlagon mo ini kag pag katapos imu nga bukbokon kag ihulom mo sa langgaw, pwede mo don na ma fertilizer”. She even said that it could also be done on the bone that has no longer have purpose. They have been practicing organic farming for almost three years now and they very much glad that they are doing it so well in the last three years. They also tried to convince everybody especially the farmers to start practicing organic farming.
The municipality of New Lucena implemented the Organic Vegetable Landscaping in every school and in every barangay. Through this youth could also be more aware about the project of Department of Agriculture about organic farming. We could clearly see that organic farming is very helpful; to each one of us so say YES TO ORGANIC FARMING.


Mangosteen: “A Fruit of God”

Mangosteen: “A Fruit of God”

Mangosteen from the Latin name “Gracinia mangostana”, is tropical tree that cannot withstand in a very hot nor in a very cold conditions. Mangosteen tree, known as queen of all fruits is an erect tree that is slow growing and bears a dark reddish purple fruit and becomes deep reddish purple once ripe. The fruit has thick rind and white sectioned inner flesh that is juicy. Mangosteen is a dark purple fruit about 2 to 3 inches in diameter – the size of a small peach or apple. Mangosteen is known as Thailand’s national fruit.

According to Jarrett Wrisley, Mangosteen is a tropical fruit that grows in South East Asia, in Philippines, Malaysia, and Indonesia.

Today a lot of people are suffering from different diseases and still striving to find some remedies to cure. Some of them look for some kind of herbal medicine or fruit that can heal these diseases because they believe that a natural way of curing is more effective compared to medicines that is prescribed by a doctor. A lot of herbs and fruits appeared today that we believed is effective in curing different kind of diseases.

According to Herminia de Guzman-Ladion, R.N., A.R.P.T., P.T.R.P., here are some herbs and fruits that can heal some diseases:

  1. Avocado (Abukado) seed for toothache
  2. Melon Tree (Papaya) seeds for worm infestation
  3. Guava (Bayabas) leaves for swollen gums and mouth inflammation
  4. Life Plant (Kataka-taka) leaves poultice for sprained ankle or wrist
  5. Kamantigui flowers poultice for snake bites
  6. Kakawate (Madre de Cacao) leaves for skin itchiness or allergy, and dermatitis
  7. Mango (Mangga) gum resin or sap for scabies
  8. Garlic (Bawang) cloves for ringworm
  9. Marsh Mint (Herba Buena) leaves for rheumatism
  10. Five-leaved Chaste Tree (Lagundi) leaves for mumps
  11. Sugar Apple (Atis) unripe fruit and seeds for mosquito bites
  12. Melon Tree (Papaya) ripe for indigestion
  13. Balimbing leaves for chicken pox, and many more.

Aside from those experts who have studied and have tested about the effectivity of these herbs and fruits, I also knew a person here in Iloilo who is said to be a faith healer and expert in recommending some kind of herbs and fruits that can heal different kind of diseases.

ImageNorma Tagnawa, born August 24, 1961, lives in barangay Dapdap, Tigbauan, Iloilo, an expert in faith healing. She is well-known to be as an effective faith healer. She is now at her 35th year in the said work. She started healing different kind of diseases when she was seventeen years old. At that very young age, she can already heal a person who is suffering from any kind of diseases. According to her, she healed her daughter that was suffering from a certain disease and her father-in-law who has a heart disease.

When her father-in-law was suffering from heart problem, she find some ways on how to cure that illness. She kept on praying and praying and asking help from God on how she could help her father-in-law. The prayers guided her, to find some kind of herb that is said to be good in heart ailment. She tried looked for it and experimented if it was effective or not. After that, she was surprised that her father-in-law was slowly recovering from his illness after he took that kind of medicine. She also wondered to herself if how did those things happened. After a week, a lot of people were visiting her after they knew that she can already heal. At first, she doubted her capacity to become a faith healer and denying to people that she was not that expert in healing those kind of diseases. But she found herself already helping those people who came to their house and who asked help from her to cure their disease. After how many weeks, she became popular in their barangay as a good and effective faith healer. According to her, praying is her way in healing people because prayers helped her to find some fruits and herbs that can cure a certain disease. As time passed by, she became popular as a faith healer and healed thousands of people. Because of that gift, she reached different places to heal different people like in Iloilo, Guimaras, Bacolod, Palawan, Manila, and places in Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. Even some people who lives in other countries like Cyprus, Florida, Canada, California and Singapore. Her popularity in healing different diseases reached in different countries. She became popular in her field of endeavor.

According to her, there are a lot of herbs and fruits that can cure different kinds of diseases. But, she discovered a kind of fruit that is unlike any other, she called it a “super fruit” or the “queen of all fruits”. This is the “Fruit of God” called as mangosteen or  “miagos”.


That was year 2000, when she tried to use mangosteen in healing kidney trouble. She used a mangosteen root to make a tea. After 13 years of using mangosteen as a medicine, she discovered that this is very useful because of its healing power to cure different kinds of illnesses. And she already proved that this kind of fruit can cure diseases like malaria, kidney trouble, cancer, ulcer, diabetes, diarrhea, and heart disease. Other health benefits of mangosteen can be found in the bark, leaves, fruit or rind. Here in Iloilo, mangosteen tree can be found in Igcocolo, Guimbal.

How to make a mangosteen tea?

Mangosteen tea is made from the roots, bark, leaves, fruit or rind. Any part of this can be stepped out in hot water overnight and can be drunk as a tea.

What are the mangosteen tea benefits?

Mangosteen tea can strengthen the body to prevent diseases and can also be used to treat diseases such as infection, reduce fevers, boost immune system, cure malaria, kidney trouble, cancer, ulcer, diabetes, and heart diseases.

Here are some of the scientifically proven benefits of the Mangosteen Fruit.

The information below is referenced by Dr. J.F. Templeman, M.D. and the ethnobotanical database of America’s foremost ethnobotanist, Dr. James Duke, who worked with The University of Maryland and the USDA.

  1. Anti-fatigue
  2. Anti-inflammatory – prevents inflammation
  3. Analgesic – prevents pain
  4. Anti-ulcer – prevents stomach, mouth and bowel ulcers
  5. Anti-depressant
  6. Anxyolytic – anti-anxiety effect
  7. Anti-Alzheimerian – helps prevent dementia
  8. Anti-tumor and cancer prevention – multiple categories cited
  9. Immunomodulator – multiple categories cited
  10. Anti-aging
  11. Anti-oxidant
  12. Anti-viral – prevent/modulate viral infection
  13. Anti-biotic – prevents or modulates bacterial infections
  14. Anti-fungal – prevents or modulates fungal infection
  15. Anti-seborrheaic – prevents seborrhea, eg. dandruff, etc
  16. Anti-lipidemic – blood fat lowering
  17. Anti-atherosclerotic – prevents hardening of the arteries
  18. Cardioprotective – protects the heart
  19. Hypotensive – blood pressure lowering
  20. Hypoglycemic -anti-diabetic effect
  21. Anti-obesity – helps with weight loss
  22. Anti-arthritic – prevention of arthritis
  23. Anti-osteoporosis
  24. Anti-periodontic – prevents gum disease
  25. Anti-allergenic – prevents allergic reaction
  26. Anti-calculitic – prevents kidney stones
  27. Anti-pyretic – fever lowering
  28. Anti-Parkinso
  29. Anti-diarrheal
  30. Anti-neuralgic – reduces nerve pain, eg. diabetic neuropathy, etc.
  31. Anti-vertigo – prevents dizziness
  32. Anti-glaucomic – prevents glaucoma
  33. Anti-cataract – prevents cataracts

Here are some interesting facts about mangosteen:

  • The French explorer Laurenties Garcin gave Mangosteen its name, Garncinia mangostana
  • Is chock-full of anti-oxidants
  • Are anti-inflammatory that also fights viruses, bacteria, tumors, old age, allergies, and lethargy
  • Is Thailand’s National Fruit
  • Is so highly acclaimed that many people around the world believe that it is the best tasting fruit
  • It takes up to ten years of cultivation before a Mangosteen tree can bare fruit
  • The mangosteen tree produces fruit twice a year
  • Is the fruit of an evergreen tree
  • Trees grow between 20 to 80 feet in some areas
  • In addition to mangosteen being called the “Queen of all fruits,” it is also referred to as “The food of the gods”
  • The exocarp or rind becomes deep reddish purple once ripe
  • Mangosteen trees are “dioecius,” meaning that there are both male and female trees
  • If you turn a Mangosteen upside-down and count its “petals,” it will give you the exact number of fruit segments or “slices you will have upon opening it

And here’s what Alex Royter, recently had to say about mangosteen fruit:

The rind is where most of the beneficial nutrients are found, and the white pulp is often enjoyed as a dessert in Southeast Asia.

The antioxidant levels found in mangosteen are through the roof, which are found in the mangosteen’s pericarp, or skin.

The xanthones in mangosteen can help slow signs of aging, combat degenerative diseases, and reduce mental and physical deterioration in the body. Rich in essential vitamins and minerals, the mangosteen fights inflammation, fatigue, and obesity. Research shows that the mangosteen can boost the immune system, elevate mood, reduce vertigo, promote healthy teeth and gums, and heal weakened joints.

While much research is still being conducted, some of the possible health benefits of mangosteen may include:

May be helpful in healing damaged cells, very high in antioxidants (high ORAC rating), may be effective in improving cardiovascular health, may help to slow signs of aging, may be useful in combatting degenerative diseases, may help to fight fungus and parasites, may be effective in neutralizing free radicals, may help to reduce mental and physical deterioration, rich in essential vitamins and minerals, may help to stimulate red blood cell growth, may be useful for increasing mental energy, focus, and attention span, studies have shown that it contains compounds that may have anti-inflammatory properties, helps to maintain proper intestinal health, may be useful in increasing longevity, may help to reduces fatigue, may be an effective immune system booster, used traditionally to help fight obesity, may help reduce allergy symptoms, may be useful in elevating mood, and may help to promote healthy teeth and gum.


De Guzman-Ladion, H., R.N., A.R.P.T., P.T.R.P., (1985), “Healing

     Wonders of Herbs”, Philippine Publishing House, Manila, Philippines                                                                                             

“Stevia Plant as Sugar Substitute in Negros Occidental”.

Stevia is an incredibly sweet herb, obtained by a natural selective breeding process of the sweetest Stevia parent plants. The sweetener, stevioside, extracted from the plants, is 300 times sweeter than sugar. The fresh leaves have a nice liquorice taste. What makes the Stevia plant so special is that it can be used to replace sugar (sucrose). Many different uses of Stevia are already well-known: as table sugar, in soft drinks, pastry, pickles, tobacco products, candy, jam, yoghurt, chewing gum, sorbets… The dried leaves of Stevia are about 40 times sweeter than sugar.

The documented properties of Stevia are antibacterial, anti fungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, anti-viral, anti-yeast, cardiotonic, diuretic, hypoglycemic and hence a boon to diabetic people, hypotensive, tonic, and vasodilator. Indeed, the leaves contain diterpene glucosides with a sweet taste but which are not metabolised and contain no calories. The biggest part of the sweet glucosides consists of the stevioside molecule. 

Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni (Bertoni) is a perennial herbaceous plant and is part of the Asteraceae family. This family includes well-known plants such as dandelion, sunflower and chicory. The history of the culture of Stevia mainly stems from Paraguay and Brazil. Originally Stevia only grew in the northern regions of South America but its cultivation has become popular worldwide. . The plant has been known for centuries by the native Guaranay-Indians for the sweet taste of its leaves. They use it, amongst other things, to make “mate” herbal tea. Stevia is often referred to as the “sweetest plant of the world”.



Its leaves are about 5 cm long and 2 cm wide and are planted crosswise, facing each other. In the wild, the height of the plant varies from 40 to 80 cm but when cultivated, the Stevia can become 1 metre high. Stevia can be grown on relatively poor soil. The plants can be used for commercial production for 6 years, during which five times a year a harvest takes place of the part of the plant that is above the ground. The roots remain in place and so the plant regenerates again. Plants, which are 1 metre high, have a dry weight of 70 g on average. The dry weight of the leaves can vary from 15 to 35 g per plant.

It is a completely natural non-synthetic product; o Stevioside (the sweetener) contains absolutely no calories; The leaves can be used in their natural state; Thanks to its enormous sweetening power, only small quantities need to be used; The plant is non-toxic; The leaves as well as the pure stevioside extract can be cooked; No aftertaste or bitterness; Stable when heated up to 200 degrees; Non fermentative; Flavour enhancing; Clinically tested and frequently used by humans without negative effect; Ideal, non-addictive sweetener for children.

Components of stevia sweeteners contain zero calories, which mean these sweeteners may sweeten food and beverages resulting in fewer calories. Further, research has shown that stevia sweeteners do not contribute calories or carbohydrates to the diet and do not affect blood glucose or insulin response, which allows people with diabetes to consume a greater variety of foods and comply with a healthful meal plan. Stevia sweeteners are an excellent alternative for use in foods and beverages such as diet beverages. The sweet components in stevia sweeteners are naturally occurring which may further benefit consumers who prefer foods and beverages they perceive as natural.

Agrowide Business of My Beeway Corporation under Aldritz Corporation Plants wherein Stevia Plants where located.



The purpose of this blog is to provide as much information about stevia. this information and photos are given by Mr. Anthony Vega, manager of Beeway Corporation, affiliated company of Aldritz corporation, makers of the best known brand “pau d’ arco” that they are using “stevia plant” for their Barako Coffee.

Rosas De Baybayon as a Treatment for Anti-cancer in Pototan Iloilo

Rosas de baybayon is a widely known by the people because of its many uses like adding sprays of color in the landscaped gardens of malls, schools and especially in our homes. They also accentuate dull streets and beautify even our surroundings. It’s one of those flowers that transcend social barriers in any geographical location because of its ability to adapt in climatic differences and to spread its seeds far and wide. It grows everywhere and people love it because of its ornamental value more than anything. Its differently colored flowers mostly grow in the public schools as they are hardly plants needing limited attention. The Catharantos Roseus is the scientific name of the Rosas de baybayon which goes by the name Apat-apat (literally, four-four) that is very popular by the natives in the Philippines.

As time goes by people discovered that the significant of Rosas de baybayon is not just a flower that can be displayed in our house and gave fragrance to it or a common flower that beautify our surroundings or even a accent in public schools or highways but can be an effective herbal medicine that can cure different illness like diabetes, myomas, dysmenorrhoea or even cancer. Different medicines that made by the Rosas de baybayon had been introduce to people to cure different illness and diseases that is proven to be effective.

­­Nowadays a lot of cancer cases and problems had been reported. Numbers of people had been killing by the cancer without even taken treatment. Based on projections, cancer deaths will continue to rise with an estimated 9 million people dying from cancer in 2015, and 11.4 million dying in 2020.

Cancer is a class of diseases characterized by out-of-control cell growth. There are over 100 different types of cancer, and each is classified by the type of cell that is initially affected. Cancer harms the body when damaged cells divide uncontrollably to form lumps or masses of tissue called tumors. Tumors can grow and interfere with the digestive, nervous, and circulatory systems and they can release hormones that alter body function. Tumors that stay in one spot and demonstrate limited growth are generally considered to be benign. Based on research cancer mortality is mainly due to metastatic tumors, those that grow from cells that have traveled from their original site to another part of the body. Only 10% of cancer deaths are caused by the primary tumors.

Here are some of the classifications of cancer:

  1. Carcinomas are characterized by cells that cover internal and external parts of the body such as lung, breast, and colon cancer.
  2. Sarcomas are characterized by cells that are located in bone, cartilage, fat, connective tissue, muscle, and other supportive tissues.
  3. Lymphomas are cancers that begin in the lymph nodes and immune system tissues.
  4. Leukemia is cancers that begin in the bone marrow and often accumulate in the bloodstream.
  5. Adenomas are cancers that arise in the thyroid, the pituitary gland, the adrenal gland, and other glandular tissues.

The most common cancer in the world is lung cancer; the most common among women is breast cancer. There are significant differences in how cancer strikes people in various parts of the world. Such variations may be due to smoking, dietary and other social habits, and because people inherit different kinds of genetic mutations from their parents. Some 200,000 women in developing countries die each year from cervical cancer.

Cancer is ultimately the result of cells that uncontrollably grow and do not die. Normal cells in the body follow an orderly path of growth, division, and death. Programmed cell death is called apoptosis, and when this process breaks down, cancer begins to form. Unlike regular cells, cancer cells do not experience programmatic death and instead continue to grow and divide. This leads to a mass of abnormal cells that grows out of control.

Based on study, Rosas de baybayon had been acknowledged by the medicine as an adjunct cure for cancer treatment. Its periwinkle flowers contain 70 alkaloids that been isolated and synthesized and can be used as a direct treatment in cancer. Its periwinkle flowers also help to stimulate blood flow and the releases of toxins brought about by hormonal changes and also help maintain healthy sugar level of the body. The inclusion of alkaloids in Rosas de baybayon can be a cancer therapy reinforces the curative claim of local herbalist on the efficacy of the plant for many ailments and can help to cure those who have cancer. Alkaloids are substances that contain nitrogen and usually amines and building block of proteins. They are plant origin and have a wide range of plants and uses. Cocaine and nicotine are some of the examples of alkaloids. Boiling is the simplest method of extracting the alkaloids. Drying the leaves removes the moisture and the powder become concentrate. The boiling periwinkle should not be used for cooking food because the plant’s natural smell and taste remain on the pot even after several washings. It has been believed that being hardy with the profuse root system is the main reason for it to uptake a wide range of soil nutrients helping out in creating a wide range of chemically complex alkaloids that can help act against cancer. Rosas de baybayon may yet exact a heavy toll on cancer medicines because this front yard plant has been proven as a poor man’s supplement against a wide range of modern sickness.SAM_0778 - Copy (2)

According to the herbalist for those who don’t want to invest in capsules, the easiest way to take the Rosas de baybayon is in the form of tea. Usually one small one small whole plant about 14-16 inches tall including the roots that is boiled in 2-3 liters of water until the liquid becomes brown which takes about an hour. Some take 1-2 glassfuls once a day but the herbalist advices, for the best results take 3-6 glasses per day especially for advanced stages of malady. Those taking the capsule form can see results with 6-10 capsules daily. Rosas De baybayon or apat-apat is also available in one of the herbal capsules in the local market. This had been popularized by the nuns in the late 1990s but lately there were other players who came out with their own, some still crudely packaged but the first ones in the market, have more attractive packaging. In the Philippines, Apat-apat capsules are also available in selected outlets for those who could not stand the periwinkle’s taste and aroma. It’s more convenient, too. It is produced by a group of nuns who are cultivating the plant extensively around the province.

In the research that I conducted, Rosas de baybayon had been produced as a capsule and herbal medicine in Pototan Iloilo. They established Rosas de baybayon as herbal product and a treatment for cancer. These had been distributed and the different places here in Iloilo and proven that can be a cure for cancer. A lady who was diagnosed by a cancer was convinced by a friend to take Rosas de baybayon capsule as a treatment for her cancer. After a few months of taking the medicine she was so amazed on how Rosas de baybayon changed her life because she is totally cure by her cancer in just a few months. She is now taking Rosas de baybayon for six years and become a dealer of the product.

I’ve also got to interviewed one of the proponents who were also taking bebeRosas de baybayon as a treatment for her breast cancer. After a few months of taking Rosas de baybayon she went to her doctor for her final check up and discovered that the abnormal growth in her breast had been disappeared so the operation that been planning by the doctor had been cancelled, saving her money, the risk and the inconvenience in taking the operation.

In addition, I also interviewed the dealer of the Rosas de baybayon and had a chance to ask her how much income she makes with the Rosas de baybayon as a dealer of the product. She said she had earned enough to support her family everyday needs and to support her two children in their studies. She also said that Rosas de baybayon had helped her in many ways not just in her health alone. She earned not less than Php10, 000 a month of just being a dealer of the product alone!

Indeed, Rosas de baybayon are not just herbal medicine that helps us cure our different illnesses and diseases but can also be a way to support our family basic needs and can gained basic income. It’s not just a flower that can be displayed in our homes or outside our school but a plant that can help maintain and support our healthy body.


Retrieved August 31, 2013 from

Retrieved August 31, 2013 from

Retrieved August 31, 2013 from

Retrieved August 31, 2013 from


Philippine household and neighbourhood

Philippines is one of the many free-ranging urban dogs in the world. Street dogs or most popularly known as “askals” are mongrels and adapted to local conditions. Many have no owners, but some locals keep them as pets one leaves in the streets. Askals are very resilient compared to their pure-breed counterparts, who are less well adapted to the street dog life.

Askals are often more resilient and street-smart than purebreds, but unlike in other countries, mongrels are not popular house pets in the Philippines, although in the past few years Askals have become known to be good house pets. In the Philippines, these dogs are discriminated against in comparison with other purebred dogs.

Some of us would rather choose a pure-bred dog to pet. But these days’ askals are getting more attention now for having continuous heroic actions to protect their owner that made the Philippines proud.

One of the known hero askal dog is two year old dog, Kabang, from Zamboanga City, owned by the Bunggal family. She became famous for having saved two children from an oncoming motorcycle, but lost her face. The whole world was moved from what she did. Donations were given over 45 countries for the treatment surgery that she had in United States for eight months.

But we can never avoid dog bite incidents in our society.

Dr. Joji G. Jimenes, head of Infectious Disease Control Cluster in Center for Health Development Western Visayas: DOH, said that Iloilo has been in the top of the most pet incident in the year 2006 for having 26 victims. Fortunately, years have passed until the present time, there’s only one case of incident as of August 2013.

Center for Health Development Western Visayas: DOH

Rabies Vaccine

Rabies vaccine is a vaccine used to control rabies. Rabies can be prevented by vaccination, both in humans and other animals. It is unusual in that it is effective even when injected after infection by the virus, which usually is noticed.

Friday, August 16, 2013

THE Provincial Veterinary Office in Iloilo received Friday, 9,864 vials of anti-rabies vaccines from Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to support the province’s Accelerated Rabies Termination (ART) program.

The last batch of vaccines, which is worth P2 million, was in addition to the 3,000 vials the foundation previously gave last March.

Provincial veterinarian Dr. Silvino Teodosio Jr. said the vaccines should be immediately distributed to the 42 municipalities and one component city.

“We are expected to give out all of these vaccines today. We have already alerted all mayors in the province of its arrival,” he said.

Teodosio said all municipal agriculture technicians, with the help of their paravets, were tasked to renew their respective massive vaccination campaign throughout the province.

He also said there is a possibility of surpassing the 70 percent vaccination coverage this year.

Iloilo province has a total of 289,856 registered dogs, 70 percent (202,899) of which must be vaccinated to establish herd immunity.

The province was able to vaccinate 77.07 percent of its dog population in 2012, 91.66 percent in 2011 and 85.57 percent in 2010.

Teodosio said the foundation’s support to the province’s ART program helped lessen human rabies cases from 16 deaths in 2005 to only one this year.

The recent victim of rabies was a 14-year-old girl from a remote village in Passi City. (PR)


What is rabies?

Rabies is a dangerous and deadly disease. It is caused by a virus that came from the saliva of an animal, usually dogs or cats. This kind of disease goes to the victim’s brain with the infection of rabies.

How does rabies transfer to a human?

The usual way is when a human was bitten, scratched or infected wound, eyes or lips of an animal with rabies. A human with rabies can transfer to other humans if the victim’s saliva falls to the wound.

How to treat dog bites?

Clean well the infected wound using a soap and water. You can also wipe it with alcohol or betadine. Consult a doctor at once in order to inject the anti-rabies vaccine to the victim. Leash or cage them and observe for 10-14 days. Don’t try to kill the animal, it’s too dangerous.

How to avoid rabies?

You could take a vaccination before any incident could happened or what we cal pre exposure vaccination. Ask your doctor about this.

ANTI-RABIES ACT OF 2007: Republic Act 9482


Responsibilities of Pet Owner

  • Have their dog regularly vaccinated against rabies and maintain card which shall contain all vaccinations conducted their dog for accurate record purposes.
  • Submit their dog for mandatory registration.
  • Maintain control over their dog and not allow it to roam the streets or any public place without a leash.
  • Provide proper grooming, adequate food and clean shelter.
  • Within twenty-four (24) hours, report immediately any Dog biting incident to the Concerned Officials for investigation or for any appropriate action and place such Dog under observation by a government or private veterinarian.
  • Assist the Dog bite victim immediately and shoulder the medical expenses incurred and other incidental expenses relative to the victim’s injuries.


  • Pet Owners who fail or refuse to have their Dog registered and immunized against Rabies shall be punished by a fine of Two thousand pesos (₱ 2,000.00).
  • Pet Owners who refuse to have their Dog vaccinated against Rabies shall be liable to pay for the vaccination of both the Dog and the individuals Bitten by their Dog.
  • Pet Owners who refuse to have their Dog put under observation after said Dog has Bitten as individual shall be meted a fine of Ten thousand pesos (P 10,000.00).
  • Pet Owners who refuse to have their Dog put under observation and do not shoulder the medical expenses of the person bitten by their Dog shall be meted a fine of Twenty-five thousand pesos (P25,000.00).

Pet Owners who refuse to put leash on their Dogs when they are brought outside the house shall be meted a fine of Five hundred pesos (P500.00) for each incident.

  • An impounded Dog shall be released to ts Owner upon payment of a fine of not less than Five hundred pesos (P500.00) but not more than One thousand pesos (P1,000.00).
  • Any person found guilty of trading Dog for meat shall be not less than Five thousand pesos, (P5,000.00) per Dog an subjected to imprisonment for one to four years.
  • Any person found guilty of using electrocution as a method of euthanasia shall be fines not less than Five thousand pesos (P5,000.00) per act and subject to imprisonment for one to four years.
  • If the violation is committed by an alien, he or she shall be immediately deported after service of sentence without any further proceedings.


  • Get your dog vaccinated and keep him vaccination up to date. This is important not only to keep your pet from getting rabies, but also to provide a barrier of protection to you if your animal is bitten by a rabid animal.
  • Keep your pets under direct supervision so they do not come in contact with rabid or wild animals. If unvaccinated and could be infected by disease.
  • Spay or neuter your pets to reduce the number of unwanted animals that may not be properly cared for or vaccinated regularly.
  • Avoid direct contact with unfamiliar animals. So not handle, feed or unintentionally attract rabid or wild animals.
  • Never adopt wild and stray animals or bring them into your home. Do not try to nurse sick animals to health.
  • Teach shildern that they should never handle unfamiliar animals, wild or domestic, even they appear friendly.




















































 Infectious Disease Control Cluster


Center for Health Development Western Visayas: DOH

Sun Star Iloilo –


ANTI-RABIES ACT OF 2007: Republic Act 9482-

Coconut Fiber is Green — Eco-green!

Photo Taken by Richelle B. Conanan

Photo Taken by Richelle B. Conanan


          Coconut Fiber is a by-product made entirely from coconut husks—that is by the way, often thrown out and is most times considered as an agricultural waste. The production of this material is a completely natural process that requires rigorous effort, a tremendous amount of patience, and also skills.

Photo taken by Richelle B. Conanan

Photo taken by Richelle B. Conanan

It has been discovered, that this so called “agricultural waste” is a very versatile material that can be harvested, weaved and crafted in to many varied products. The further production and manufacturing of this product can help mitigate the harsh effects of global warming which is very useful for environmental protection. The avid misconception of coconut husks as agricultural waste has been one of the common cause of floods in certain areas here in the Philippines, as chunks and chunks of this material block the drainage systems during rainfall season.

Photo taken by: Richelle B. Conanan

Photo taken by: Richelle B. Conanan

Coconut fiber can be used to make so many different products and by-products. The possibilities are just seemingly endless. The flexibility of this product is highly resourceful because the usage is probable from geo-textile nets to decorative handicrafts and even to its coco peats that are excess dusts that fall off from the drying process. So, there is not one factor of the product that will come to a waste.

The products of this material range from geo-textile, its main product that whose major consumer is the Department of Public Works and Highways.They use the nets to control erosion in sloping areas along the roads and river banks. The coco net is installed in sloping areas together with seeds of grasses or shrubs. By the time the coco net has degraded after three years, the grasses or shrubs will have been well established to prevent erosion.

The expansion and promotion of this product has led its way to West Visayas State University Extension and Development Centre, Lapaz, Iloilo City, Iloilo which has organized this craft as its project. The central domain of this project was built in Tubungan, Iloilo (Sitio Durog, Brgy. Lanag Sur, Tubungan, Iloilo – to be exact) for the reason that the location had a good and stable cooperative of coconut producers called the FSCGAI or the Federation of Small Coconut Growers Association, Inc. The project is known to be The Coconut Fiber Production Project and has been expounding its marketability since its beginning.

The project is implemented in the Municipality of Tubungan, a 5th class municipality 42 kilometers, south of Iloilo City.   The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) has identified coconut as one of the major products of Tubungan so it declared coconut as its “One Town One Product.”  Since Tubungan has a total land area of 8,518 hectares of undulating or rolling hills and mountains, and can benefit from sea breeze from the municipalities of Tigbauan, Guimbal and Miag-ao, 550 ha. is embedded to coconut trees, 83 % of which are fruit bearing.  According to Philippine Coconut Authority, coconuts in Districts I & II of Iloilo bears 42 nuts annually or approximately 456,000 nuts are harvested annually in Tubungan alone(2006 Tubungan profile & Philippine Coconut Authority, 2005 – 42 nuts/tree Districts 1 & 2)  This means that there are enough raw materials for the coco fiber production in Tubungan and in adjacent municipalities of Leon, Tigbauan, Guimbal and Miag-ao, inasmuch as these municipalities have similar geographic attributes conducive to coconut production.   Despite the abundance of natural resources, agricultural and manpower potential of Tubunganons, majority of its households have incomes which fall below the poverty line of P 8,254.00 for Region VI (Profile of Tubungan). Thus, the choice of Tubungan for the project.

West Visayas State University (WVSU) has been operating in Tubungan as its development partner since l988 to present. WVSU packaged the coco fiber project proposal, sold it to funding institutions and implement the project with the Tubungan Small Coconut Growers Association which later was institutionalized into a Multi-Purpose Cooperative (TSCG-MOC) with 72 members.

The said project is actually in consonance with the two millennium goals, which are poverty alleviation as it gives raw opportunities to the locals of Sitio Durog, Brgy. Lanag Sur, Tubungan, Iloilo and environmental sustainability as it reaps the plausible environmental dangers cause by the abundance of negligence of coconut husk wastes.  Even the United Nations Development Program has identified coco fiber as a promising commodity, and that the Philippines has a modest advantage in the global market because the country’s contribution of 1/3 or 23% of the total world coconut production just a few steps next to Indonesia and India, based on the June 2005 Reader’s Digest Publication.

Photo taken by: Richelle B. Conanan

Photo taken by: Richelle B. Conanan

Whoever knew that coconut husk could still be used to craft different kinds of materials that can be very useful in our daily lives, like soap dishes, a bathing scrub and even a bag?! Well, it just goes to show us all that it only takes creativity, a wild imagination and patience to make the smallest and most worthless of things into beautiful creations. The coconut fiber project of Tubungan, Iloilo is a very inspiring and innovative idea that has helped the locals of this area maximize their possible income and through this, they too have also made a greener environment for us all.


Information taken from West Visayas State University Extension and Development Centre Office

Food Technnology: Invasion of Malunggay Bread


                   Filipinos are known to be a good eater. We love to eat whenever and wherever we want to. When it comes in food, we are always on-the-go. We eat foods to satisfy our cravings. We culturally love eating carbohydrates such as rice and bread. As they say, we are easily tempted by foods of different tastes. It may be expensive or affordable, typical or exotic, and nutritious or not. We are easily pleased no matter how the packaging looks like. We even spend time on cooking our favorite meals for the family and even spare time in baking delicacies that we want to eat if we have time or when we are at home. Indeed, foods are not just a need for us but as well as an interests.Nowadays, people find alternative ways on eating nutritious food. In our daily lives, we need to acquire the kind of nutrients that our body needs in order for us to do things and to execute our works every day.  There are many ways in getting nutrients and vitamins. We may eat menus with vegetables and fruits, we may take vitamins or whatever supplement that we want or simply drink a lot of water just to gain and regain nutrients in our body.

                There are a lot of vegetables out there with different colours, sizes, shapes, taste and nutrients but one veggie stands out. What is it? It is the famous and very nutritious Malunggay. It is also known as Miracle Tree  for its every part, as the leaves, fruits, flowers, roots and bark of the tree can be used in many ways. It’s not only a medicine but as well as a great sources of many nutrients such as Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Calcium, Protein, Potassium, and also Amino acid and many more . Many experts considered Malunggay as seven times the vitamin C in oranges, four times the calcium in milk, four times the vitamin A in carrots, two times the protein in milk and three times the potassium in bananas. According to the article of Artie Sy of SunStar on October 2012, featured Malunggay as a humble tree, it is also said to balance sugar levels, hence it is helpful in the fight against diabetes. With the consumption of malunggay in the daily diet pattern, the body’s natural defence mechanism increases. Many people face problems of high cholesterol regardless of their age and status. Malunggay helps us in balancing the cholesterol levels in our body.

            With the new technology and modernization, people also find ways to even maximize the use of Malunggay. Many experimentation in food making was done using malunggay leaves and other parts of it. One of the experiments in food making that they have made was the introduction of Malunggay as a flavor of bread. It was mix with the typical ingredients of bread and here we go, the new more nutritious and more savory bread was made for consumers, especially for bread lovers. Every early morning, Filipinos make it a habit to buy bread from sari-sari bread store or panaderia since we are fond of eating bread as replacement in eating rice. Some people also sell it through house to house using their bicycles or motorcycles. From that point, eating bread however becomes part of our daily food intake for most Filipinos.

                 As malunggay bread was introduced and commercialize here in our country, some concerned Government department like Department of Health (DOH), National Food Authority (NFA), Beaurue of Food and Drugs (BFAD), Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology (DOST), and etc. it was highly approved by the government departments mentioned and was also recommended as a good product that offers high nutrition value for all sector of consumers including children. It is also good to know that malunggay is abundantly available and inexpensive in our country and even can be planted in our own backyards. It is also one way of promoting inexpensive ingredient if ever we decided to use it in cooking and in baking bread or the malunggay bread. Eating bread is never that nutritious until ”Malunggay Bread” was made possible.

        I am not a bread lover but I am a malunggay lover. I really love to eat this vegetable especially when it is mixed with other vegetables as our viand. I even tasted a pasta with malunggay as its ingredient at one of the restaurant here in Iloilo, I appreciated it and even enjoyed eating that recipe. Actually, I haven’t imagine eating bread made of malunggay until my sister, whose working as a high school teacher at one of the famous private school in Iloilo, gave me a bread and told me that it’s made up of malunggay. She even mentioned that it was from his student who wanted to promote their family business product since it was Nutrition Month Celebration. I was surprise and told myself that I have to taste it. It was good and better than I expected. Indeed, I’m really now a certified malunggay eater / malunggay lover! As I do my other readings, interviews and research about this malunggay bread invasion, I successfully found one of the bakery thatoffers Malunggay Bread.  As I reached Leganes, where UNG BAKESHOP is located, I was able to prove to myself that Malunggay bread of UNG BAKESHOP is really famous in their place because even pedicab drivers know it and tastes it already. The UNG BAKESHOP located at Leganes and owned by Tareno family. For almost 20 years, they make quality products and just on July 2013, they decided and invented a new product, the Malunggay Bread. I was given a chance to talk with the owners and on how they came up with this Malunggay Bread. At first, Mr. Ulysses Toreno wanted to experiment on having a new product with a twist and Mrs. Nenia Toreno  added that what if they will use malunggay leaves to their typical bread to make it more nutritious. It was first tasted by their workers and themselves too. Luckily, people of Leganes and their other existing costumers loved the taste of it. It was just a three month old product and still counting for many months and years to come. . Malunggay Bread already invaded Leganes and working to make a big name in the province of Iloilo and Iloilo City with malunggay bread as its instrument.

            One of the workers named Renan Bangonon, a 25 years old worker and worked for almost 8 years  in UNG BAKESHOP shared the ingredients needed in making malunggay bread as well as the equipments and machines used in baking it.

            For the readers out there who wants to have a bite of the malunggay bread, here’s the ingredients and a way on how to prepare your very own nutritious malunggay bread at home. Let’s explore the cooking of the wonderful plant for I have given you such scientific and purposive information about the malunggay. All I have mentioned were all true and exactly what we should believe in. So try to explore your kitchen!


  • 3 kilo of first class flour                                                                                      
  • ¾ refined sugar
  • 3 eggs
  • 40 grams of salt
  • 40 grams of skim milk
  • ¼ lard (for shortening)
  • 50 grams yeast                                                                  
  • 720 grams of water
  • And 80 grams of Malunggay leaves


  • Roller
  • Oven
  • Slicer
  • Mixer
  • Stand used for plate
  • Plate or Tray


  • Mix flour, powdered milk, yeast in a clean bowl.
  • Combine malunggay, salt and sugar in water in another clean bowl.
  • Put water into a flour mixture and mix it well until it is hydrated properly.
  • Add the lard for shortening and roll it until elastic and smooth.
  • Allow the mixture or dough to rest for 15-20 minutes.
  • Divide dough equally. Use a weighting scale to have same weight in every piece.
  • Cut it into rectangular size or into desired sizes according to you.
  • Roll the dough until the structure is okay and ready to be bake.
  • Bake at a preheated oven (350F) for 20-25 minutes.
  • Do your packaging (for business purpose).

Image           She added that in every other day, they produced 110 or more malunggay bread excluding fixed deliveries. For only 5php retailed price, you can already grab a bite of the nutritious malunggay bread of UNG BAKESHOP.

               Imagine how it tastes especially when it’s hot and placed in table with hot coffee or chocolate drink during breakfast as what most Filipinos wanted to eat during early morning.  Love the taste of one of kind malunggay bread especially made for Filipinos like you. Enjoy every bite you make while gaining nutrients and vitamins. It is a two in one product made for the health and for consumption. Being full and at the same time being healthy.


Photo by hennamarieduenas

Malunggay Bread of UNG BAKESHOP

Try the nutritious Malunggay Bread now!

Rice Husk Powered Stove: Your Waste, Our Fuel

rice husk stove 1

Rice husk is a byproduct during rice milling. This is the outer covering of rice and you will usually see this kind of waste at the back of rice mills or sometimes near irrigation areas where milling is sometimes done by travelling cono. The Appropriate Technology Center (Approtech), under the College of Agriculture, Resources and Environmental Sciences (CARES) of Central Philippine University were able to look for a way on how to utilize these wastes. Hence, they developed the technology and this technology is a stove fuelled by rice husks.

The stove is a device developed for cooking, utilizing the rice husks as fuel. The stove utilizes the direct combustion method wherein it was designed to make use of the available air in the surroundings in order to sustain the operation. No electricity is needed to use this stove.

“The stove is a device wherein the fuel is used. The fuel is burned first for a purpose. This is not open burning because open burning is burning a fuel without a purpose. For the stove, you are actually burning it to provide heat. In this case, we are burning rice husk in which we place it in a stove as a fuel specifically designed for rice husk only because other ordinary stoves like the charcoal stove cannot be utilize as a rice husk stove. Hence, we have this technology. Therefore, rice husk stove is a stove intended purely for rice husk fuel for cooking or for industrial heat or for other application.” says Engr. Aries Roda D. Romallosa, Project Director of the Approtech.

The technology was started by Engr. Alexis T. Belonio and it was a joint effort together with the Agricultural Engineering students of the college and its faculty. The technology was developed as an answer to the volume of rice husk generated in Iloilo and Panay. Western Visayas specifically for this are rice producing region and Iloilo is a rice producing province. Having so many of this waste the CPU CARES look for a way on how to utilize it rather than letting it decay for many years since rice husk has silica and its quite difficult to decompose. “Rice husk has a good heating value meaning. It is really appropriate to utilize it for burning. It is really an appropriate waste of fuel for burning that’s the main reason why we invented the stove because there are so many of this type of waste in the region so of course if you are into technology development you look for the problem or an issue in the area and one issue here is many generation of rice husk. We look for science and technology that would utilize that waste.” said Engr. Romallosa.

The regular availability of the fuel is one of the greatest benefits for the people or for the users in utilizing the stove. Since, we are not buying rice husk here, except for those who are into bigger production in which rice millers will usually sell rice husk for them, it is really a great benefit for an ordinary household unit in which they could have it for free. The availability of the fuel is very cheap and the rice husk is very abundance in the area, you just have to invest a little for the stove. After that, you don’t have to worry about the price of the fuel because it’s just here, nothing is being done with those wastes and all we need to do is to make use of it. It is a good replacement for LPG stove which of course contributes a lot on environmental pollution but particularly in terms of fuel savings, utilization of rice husk stove will significantly reduce the cost of household spending.

The advantage of the stove is the availability of the fuel found in the local area. Fuel is really available especially here in Iloilo because every municipality has a rice field. So, if there is a rice field there is a rice production and if there is a rice production there is a rice husk. Rice Husk Stove will help minimize the problem on rice husk disposal. Rice husks can be converted into char which is a good material as soil conditioner due to its high water holding capacity. Like with the others, it has also disadvantages. Since rice husk stove is not comparable with the charcoal stove for it would cost only sixty pesos (P60.00). In the case here, the rice husk stove would usually range from one thousand three hundred (P1,300.00) up. However, that one thousand three hundred up would mean no more buying of fuel unlike in the case of LPG tank with 11 kg that would cost at around five hundred (P500.00) to seven hundred pesos (P700.00). So, you will spend seven hundred pesos in buying an LPG every month. For three months, that is more than one thousand three hundred but in the case of rice husk stove you would only buy once and you will not buy for fuel anymore. There is economic benefit in the stove. It would compensate whatever amount you invested and it will be covered later on because the fuel is free.

The operator of the stove has to be familiar also with its operation. According to Engr. Romallosa you would have to learn, in a way, the technique first in using the stove. According to her, others would put the fuel and will unload it hastily, so there is a possibility that the fire would die right away. She said that it’s more of one or two practice, after that, you would have to learn the operation of the stove and it was not really difficult to learn.

So, it is just a matter on when to load or unload the char. Char is the black burned fuel of rice husk.

Rice husk stove pertains to stoves that are operated by direct combustion. Meaning it does not use any other devices like fan or blower to continue the operation. There are three models of rice husk stoves : Conic, Side-in and, Super-Turbo Rice Husk Stove.

Conic Rice Husk Stove is the pioneering stove upon the three and the most common conical stove we have in the country. The stove has a conical shape. It is like a cone but it has no steam.

The Side-in Rice Husk Stove and Super-Turbo Rice Husk Stove is both stove that uses steam injection. The inculcation of steam and fire enhances its operation. The movement of the fire and the heat is different compared to the Conic Rice Husk Stove.

Side-In Rice Husk Stove       Super Turbo Rice Husk Stove

The Side-in Rice Husk Stove is called Side-in Rice Husk because the steam injection is done on the side. Once the water is heated or boils then the water is converted into steam and then the steam would mix into the fire. On the other hand, the Super Turbo Rice Husk Stove is a kind of super turbo because in terms of volume it was bigger and its fire is more or less powerful. Thus, it was seldom recommended for household use. The flame quality is very fine but it is more complicated to the households.

In terms of the stove’s lifespan, assuming that you will use it every day for morning, lunch and dinner; it will lasts for about 12 to 15 months. It depends on how you take care of the stove. So it should be maintained. The Stove is made up of 18 GI Sheet.

Rice Husk Stove used and sold not only in various parts of the country, but also overseas, such as Thailand, Cambodia, U.S. and India.

If more households will adopt this technology, more rice husks will be disposed as fuel. Thus, problem on rice husk disposal would then be minimized.

For details on the Rice Husk Stove, Engr. Aries Roda D. Romallosa can be reached at the Department of Agricultural Engineering and Environmental Sciences, College of Agriculture, Resources and Environmental Sciences of CPU, Jaro, Iloilo City at (033) 329 1971 local 1071.

The video below shows the actual operation of the Rice Husk Stove

CPUCA Side-In Rice Husk Stove

Step-by-Step Operation of the Stove

  1. Remove the steam box from the stove and fill it with water. Fill it with water at about half of its height. Do not fill the steam bow fully with water because it will not emit steam, instead it will quench firing of fuel in the stove.
  2. Fill the hopper of the stove with RH. The hopper should be evenly filled with fuel.
  3. Insert the steam box into the combustion chamber of the stove. At the start, the total length of the steam box must totally expose to the burning gases. Once the steam is produce, gradually pull the box to control the flow of combustible gases from the stove burner.
  4. Drop 1 to 2 pieces of burning paper into the combustion chamber of the stove. Additional pieces of paper may be added if necessary. Observe the firing of the fuel. If burning of fuel indicate poor ignition, add pieces of paper until the stove shows good burning of fuel.
  5. Keep the fuel hopper with RH to attain continuous combustion. If the flame dies out, tap the grate or Push RH with a rod. Always keep the combustion area filled with burning RH to minimize smoke and rekindling of fuel.
  6. Remove the char by swinging the discharge lever. This is to replace the burnt fuel with fresh RH. Do not remove all the char in order to sustain combustion of fuel.
  7. If there is no more water in the steam box, refill it with water. It would take at about 4 minutes before steam is generated from the steam box during operation. Make sure steam box is totally closed during operation.
  8. Dispose char from the pan when it is fully filled. Char can be stored in a metal can and it can be used later as soil conditioner in the farm.
  9. Clean the stove after use.


Department of Agricultural Engineering and Environmental Sciences, College of Agriculture, Resources and Environmental Sciences, Central Philippine University, Jaro, Iloilo City

Engr. Aries Roda D. Romallosa.,Project Leader, Appropriate Technology Center.